Parallel processing is seen today as the means to improve the power of computing facilities by breaking the Von Neumann bottleneck of conventional sequential computer architectures. By defining appropriate parallel computation models definite advantages can be obtained. Parallel processing is the center of the research in Europe in the field of Information Processing Systems so the CEC has funded the ESPRIT Supemode project to develop a low cost, high performance, multiprocessor machine. The result of this project is a modular, reconfigurable architecture based on !NMOS transputers: T.Node. This machine can be considered as a research, industrial and commercial success. The CEC has decided to continue to encourage manufacturers as well as research and end-users of transputers by funding other projects in this field. This book presents course papers of the Eurocourse given at the Joint Research Centre in ISPRA (Italy) from the 4th to 8 of November 1991. First we present an overview of various trends in the design of parallel architectures and specially of the T.Node with it's software development environments, new distributed system aspects and also new hardware extensions based on the !NMOS T9000 processor. In a second part, we review some real case applications in the field of image synthesis, image processing, signal processing, terrain modeling, particle physics simulation and also enhanced parallel and distributed numerical methods on T.Node.
Parallel Programming.- Architecture, Programming Environment and Application of the Supernode Network of Transputers.- A Survey of Parallel Architecture.- An Introduction to Parallel Operating Systems.- Decoupling of Computation and Coordinating in Linda.- Helios - A Distributed Operating System for MIMD Computers.- Image Synthesis.- Porting a Large 3D Graphics System onto Transputers - Experiences from Implementing Mirashading on a Parallel Computer.- Recursive Parallel Computing with Hierarchical Structured Data on T. Node Computer.- Transputer Applications.- Terrain Modelling Tools on the Supernode Architecture.- Real Time Acquisition and Signal Processing on Transputers - Application to Electroencephalography.- Stochastic Modelisation and Parallel Computing.- Finite Element Simulations on Parallel Computer Architectures - Nonlinear Deformation Processes of Solids.- Neural Computing.- An Introduction to Neural Networks.- Implementation of a General Model of Cooperation between Cortical Areas on a Parallel System based on Transputers.- Hardware Accelerators for Neural Networks: Simulations in Parallel machines.
Series: Eurocourses: Computer and Information Science
Number Of Pages: 264
Published: 31st October 1991
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.88 x 16.26
Weight (kg): 0.64