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Soil Reclamation Processes Microbiological Analyses and Applications : Books in Soils and the Environment - Robert L. Tate

Soil Reclamation Processes Microbiological Analyses and Applications

Books in Soils and the Environment

Hardcover Published: 1st March 1985
ISBN: 9780824772864
Number Of Pages: 349

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The first book to emphasize microbiological and biochemical processes in the evaluation of soil reclamation, Soil Reclamation Processes presents the practical techniques necessary to plan more effective, long-range, low-cost reclamation projects. Combining basic scientific principles with concrete examples of existing methodology, this unique monograph examines the mycorrhizal aspects of toxic stressed reclamation environments, discusses the role of algae as indicators of succession and soil development, considers soil enzyme monitoring in relation to oil shale and other reclamation procedures, details microbial radionuclide transformations and problems in low-level waste storage environments, reviews the microbial aspects of phosphate clay dewatering and acid mine waste drainage reclamation, outlines the economic advantages of site modification prior to reclamation, and much more! Soil Reclamation Processes is timely reading for soil scientists, soil microbiologists, environmental scientists and engineers, agronomists, ecologists, geologists, biochemists, and civil engineers; reclamation project managers; and government agency and private institution personnel dealing with soil reclamation, environmental protection safety, water or soil conservation, land management, and mining. Additionally, the book is an ideal reference for advanced undergraduate- and graduate-level courses in reclamation, general soils, environmental science, and environmental microbiology. Book jacket.

Prefacep. iii
Contributorsp. ix
Microorganisms, Ecosystem Disturbance and Soil-Formation Processesp. 1
Introductionp. 1
Role of Microorganisms in Minelandsp. 2
Soil Organic Matter: Source and Rolep. 2
Nitrogen Metabolism in Minelandsp. 15
Conclusionp. 23
Referencesp. 24
Acid Mine Waste Drainage: Microbial Impact on the Recovery of Soil and Water Ecosystemsp. 35
Introductionp. 35
Description of Major Wastes from Mining Activitiesp. 39
Effects of Acid Mine Wastes on Microbes and Microbial Processesp. 45
Recovery of Microbial Communities from Mine Waste Effectsp. 47
Microbiological Processes and the Recovery of AMD-Contaminated Systems
Summary and Suggestionsp. 73
Referencesp. 74
Diagnostic Aspects of Algal Ecology in Disturbed Landsp. 83
Introductionp. 83
Floristic Studiesp. 84
Edaphic Studiesp. 85
Stabilityp. 91
Soil-Algal Interactionsp. 94
Conceptual Modelsp. 100
Conclusionsp. 103
Referencesp. 103
Microbial Development on Oil Shale Wastes: Influence on Geochemistryp. 107
Introductionp. 107
Retorted Shale and Associated Wastesp. 108
Establishment of Microbial Communities in Retorted Shale Embankmentsp. 113
Effect of Microorganisms on Geochemical Processesp. 118
Summary and Research Needsp. 133
Referencesp. 134
Soil Enzymes: A Predictor of Reclamation Potential and Progressp. 141
Introductionp. 141
Historical Backgroundp. 142
Soil Enzymes and Reclamationp. 143
Soil Enzymatic Monitoring: Experiences with Retorted Oil Shalep. 147
Soil Enzymes--Prospects and Potential Applications in Reclamationp. 163
Referencesp. 164
Mycorrhizae and Reclamation of Stressed Terrestrial Environmentsp. 173
Introductionp. 173
Mechanisms by which Mycorrhizae May Alleviate Stress on Mine Sitesp. 174
Mycorrhizal Symbionts Indigenous to Mine Spoilsp. 178
Mycorrhizal Development on Minespoils and Tailingsp. 179
Benefits of Mycorrhizal Associations on Mine Wastesp. 188
Conclusionsp. 193
Referencesp. 194
Management of Microbial Processes in Surface Mined Land Reclamation in Western Canadap. 203
Introductionp. 203
Microbiological Characteristics of Surface Mined Soils and Mine Tailings in Albertap. 209
Methods of Restoring Biological Activity to Soil Disturbed by Miningp. 225
Conclusionsp. 235
Referencesp. 236
Microbial Technology for Aggregation and Dewatering of Phosphate Clay Slimes: Implications on Resource Recoveryp. 243
Introductionp. 243
Mining and Beneficiation Processes for Phosphatep. 244
Characterization of Phosphatic Claysp. 245
Colloidal and Surface Chemistry of Claysp. 251
Biopolymersp. 257
Microbial Interactions at Interfacesp. 260
Effect of Clays on Microorganismsp. 263
Microbial Processes for Waste Water Clarification and Restorationp. 264
Future Research Themesp. 267
Summaryp. 271
Referencesp. 272
Low-Level Radioactive Wastes in Subsurface Soilsp. 279
Introductionp. 279
Organic Compounds in Waste Leachatep. 285
Microbial Population and Activityp. 290
Microbial Mobilization and Immobilization of Metalsp. 320
Conclusionp. 324
Referencesp. 325
General Interactions of Microbes in Reclamation Processesp. 333
Indexp. 339
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780824772864
ISBN-10: 0824772865
Series: Books in Soils and the Environment
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 349
Published: 1st March 1985
Publisher: TAYLOR & FRANCIS
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.52 x 15.14  x 2.13
Weight (kg): 0.63
Edition Number: 1

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