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Particles : On the Syntax of Verb-Particle, Triadic, and Causative Constructions - Marcel den Dikken


On the Syntax of Verb-Particle, Triadic, and Causative Constructions

Hardcover Published: 1st March 1995
ISBN: 9780195091342
Number Of Pages: 304

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Particles are words that do not change their form through inflection and do not fit easily into the established system of parts of speech. Examples include the negative particle "not," the infinitival particle "to" (as in "to go"), and do and let in "do tell me" and "let's go." Particles investigates the constraints on the distribution and placement of verbal particles. A proper understanding of these constraints yields insight into the structure of various secondary predicative constructions. Starting out from a detailed analysis of complex particle constructions, den Dikken brings forth accounts of triadic constructions and Dative Shift, and the relationship between dative and transitive causative constructions--all of them built on the basic structural template proposed from complex particle constructions. Drawing on data from Norwegian, English, Dutch, German, West Flemish, and other languages, this book will interest a wide audience of students and specialists.

Prefacep. vii
Contentsp. ix
Preliminariesp. 3
Introductionp. 3
Some theoretical assumptionsp. 4
A modular theoryp. 4
A conjunctive ECPp. 5
NP-traces and the ECPp. 8
Incorporation and the ECPp. 12
Incorporation, indexation and c-commandp. 17
Uniformity of Theta Assignmentp. 19
Modularity and syntactic word formationp. 22
Small clauses and subject-predicate relationshipsp. 24
Small clauses and abstract syntactic structurep. 27
Particlesp. 29
Previewp. 34
The structure of particle constructionsp. 35
Introductionp. 35
Complex particle constructions: Preliminariesp. 35
The clause-final constituent as a SC predicatep. 36
The particle as a SC headp. 38
Conclusionp. 43
The structure of English complex particle constructionsp. 43
Introduction: The theoretical optionsp. 43
On Kayne's (1985) analysis of complex particle constructionsp. 46
The alternativep. 54
The ergativity of the particlep. 54
The particle-placement differentialp. 55
The ban on clause-final particle placementp. 61
Extraction of and from the predicate of SC2p. 61
Further support for the analysis: The Norwegian parallelp. 65
Conclusionp. 67
Another possibility?p. 67
An inventory of complex particle constructionsp. 73
Nominal complex particle constructionsp. 73
Adjectival complex particle constructionsp. 74
Prepositional complex particle constructionsp. 77
To-infinitival complex particle constructionsp. 78
Verbal complex particle constructionsp. 79
On particle recursionp. 80
On the non-lexical status of particlesp. 81
Simplex particle constructionsp. 86
Word-order alternation: The theoretical optionsp. 86
Against extrapositionp. 87
On the locus of particle incorporationp. 88
On the ergativity of particlesp. 92
Verb-particle idiomsp. 92
An apparent problemp. 96
On pronouns and word orderp. 100
Particle modificationp. 106
Conclusionp. 110
Particles and the dative alternationp. 111
Introductionp. 111
Why Larson's analysis of Dative Shift fails: Evidence from triadic verb-particle constructionsp. 112
The predicativity of the dative PPp. 119
Particle modification and Dative Shiftp. 123
Particle reanalysis: A correlationp. 124
Why obligatory reanalysis?p. 125
An empty verb in triadic constructionsp. 126
Decomposition of main verb havep. 129
The structure of triadic constructions and the analysis of Dative Shiftp. 131
The motivation for movementp. 133
Case Theoryp. 133
Licensing the empty prepositionp. 134
Triadic constructions lacking a lexical particlep. 140
An empty verb and an empty particlep. 140
Word order in Dutch dative constructionsp. 143
Word order in Chinese dative constructionsp. 151
Interim conclusion and road mapp. 155
Transformational Dative Shift and distributionp. 155
The role played by the (empty) prepositionp. 156
Idioms and affectednessp. 158
Transformational Dative Shift and incorporationp. 160
Chinese Dative Shiftp. 160
Triadic serial verbs and V-V compoundsp. 161
Conclusionp. 165
The with constructionp. 166
Particles revisitedp. 170
On the cross-linguistic distribution of double object particle constructionsp. 170
Particles in unexpected positionsp. 173
On dative PPs with propositional subjectsp. 177
Conclusionp. 179
Movement and structural ambiguity in double object constructionsp. 181
Introductionp. 181
A'-extraction of the double object Goal: Evidence for an empty prepositionp. 181
Restrictions on Goal movement: Introduction to the problemp. 181
Overt versus empty operator movementp. 184
Analysisp. 186
English topicalisation and relativisationp. 190
English long wh-extractionp. 191
English short wh-extractionp. 193
Heavy NP Shiftp. 195
Summaryp. 197
A'-extraction of the double object Theme: Structural ambiguity in double object constructionsp. 197
The problemp. 197
Dative Shift and Theme extractionp. 199
Preliminaries: Structural ambiguityp. 201
Theme extraction: Analysisp. 202
Conclusionp. 206
Raising-to-subject and the double object Themep. 207
Interactions of A'-movement and passivisationp. 209
A'-extraction of the English double object Themep. 209
A'-extraction of the Kichaga double object Goalp. 213
Summaryp. 215
German has no Dative Shiftp. 216
Binding asymmetriesp. 216
The binding facts of Germanp. 218
Analysisp. 220
Summaryp. 224
Conclusionp. 225
Affixal particles in applicatives and causativesp. 227
Introductionp. 227
Homophony of applicative and causative affixesp. 229
The problem from a Dutch perspectivep. 229
The problem from a Sanuma perspectivep. 230
The problem from an Indonesian perspectivep. 232
Synthesisp. 233
Interlude: Affixal particles in Frenchp. 235
Two central questions for the analysis of causative constructionsp. 237
The structure of transitive causativesp. 239
Two correlations between datives and causativesp. 239
The Case of Goals and causeesp. 240
The Case of (embedded) direct objectsp. 243
Structural assimilationp. 244
The structurep. 245
Decomposition of triadic verbsp. 248
Causatives, possession and affectednessp. 249
Ergativisationp. 251
Embedding under the causativised verbp. 253
The priority effect in French causativesp. 253
Causativised verbs with sentential complementsp. 257
Transitive and intransitive causativesp. 263
Alternative analysesp. 265
Conclusionp. 267
Conclusionsp. 269
Referencesp. 275
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780195091342
ISBN-10: 0195091345
Series: Oxford Studies in Comparative Syntax (Hardcover)
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 304
Published: 1st March 1995
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24  x 2.06
Weight (kg): 0.62

Earn 324 Qantas Points
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