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Controlling Knowledge : Religion, Power, and Schooling in a West African Muslim Society - Louis Brenner

Controlling Knowledge

Religion, Power, and Schooling in a West African Muslim Society

Hardcover Published: 22nd March 2001
ISBN: 9780253339171
Number Of Pages: 360
For Ages: 22+ years old

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"I know of no one who has taken such an ambitious swath of time and done such a good job of showing the continuity and change across those one hundred years.... a splendid achievement, the result of decades of research and reflection." -- David Robinson

Controlling Knowledge examines the history of West African Muslim society in the Republic of Mali, formerly the Soudan FranAais, in the 20th century. Focusing on the transformation of Muslim institutions -- especially modernized Muslim schools (mA(c)dersas) and voluntary organizations -- over the past hundred years, Louis Brenner uncovers the social and political processes that have produced new forms, definitions, and expressions of Islam that are patently different from those that prevailed a century earlier. Brenner's study shows that Muslim society in Mali is religiously pluralistic and that it has developed different ways of relating religious obligations to prevailing social and political conditions. Although they were heavily influenced by French and Middle Eastern models, Brenner demonstrates that it was in opposition to French colonial authority that the first mA(c)dersas and voluntary associations appeared. The complex array of power relations within which these institutions evolved, under French colonial rule and in the postcolonial secularist state, is revealed in this thoughtful book. Controlling Knowledge makes a major contribution to our understanding of Muslim history in Mali and West Africa, both in recent decades and over the long term.

Introduction: Defining the Terms of Analysisp. 1
Knowledge and Power in Pre-Colonial Muslim Societiesp. 17
Muslim schooling and the esoteric epistemep. 17
Legitimacy, knowledge and powerp. 21
Medersas, French and Islamicp. 39
The French medersasp. 41
The Origins of the Islamic Medersa Movementp. 54
-Bamakop. 55
-Kayesp. 65
-Segup. 74
Reform and Counter-Reform: the Politics of Muslim Schooling in the 1950sp. 85
The social and political context of reformp. 88
The politics of counter-reformp. 102
Discourses of Knowledge, Power and Identityp. 131
Muslim doctrinal politics: a discourse about ignorance and truthp. 133
The French, the Africans and the Muslims: a discourse about the Otherp. 152
Identity as a transformative systemp. 165
Power Relations in the Postcolonyp. 169
Knowledge and power in the Republic of Malip. 173
Islamic resurgence and the materialization of Islamp. 194
The Dynamics of Medersa Schoolingp. 209
The expansion of the medersa networkp. 209
The socio-economic roots of medersa schooling: changing religious subjectivitiesp. 219
The social constituencies of the medersasp. 228
-Founders, directors and teachersp. 228
-Parentsp. 232
-Students and youthp. 240
Islam, the State and the Ideology of Development: The Politics of Muslim Schooling in the 1980sp. 257
The domestication of the medersasp. 260
The invisibility of the medersas: discursive patterns in the public arenap. 273
The exclusion of the medersas: the 4eme Project Educationp. 280
'Governing men as things': development as a resource of extraversionp. 287
Reprise: Reassessing the Terms of Analysisp. 294
Bibliographyp. 309
Indexp. 333
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780253339171
ISBN-10: 0253339170
Audience: General
For Ages: 22+ years old
For Grades: 17+
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 360
Published: 22nd March 2001
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 21.59 x 13.97  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.5

Earn 140 Qantas Points
on this Book