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Big Mind : How Collective Intelligence Can Change Our World - Geoff Mulgan

Big Mind

How Collective Intelligence Can Change Our World

Hardcover Published: 28th November 2017
ISBN: 9780691170794
Number Of Pages: 280

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A new field of collective intelligence has emerged in the last few years, prompted by a wave of digital technologies that make it possible for organizations and societies to think at large scale. This "bigger mind"--human and machine capabilities working together--has the potential to solve the great challenges of our time. So why do smart technologies not automatically lead to smart results? Gathering insights from diverse fields, including philosophy, computer science, and biology, Big Mind reveals how collective intelligence can guide corporations, governments, universities, and societies to make the most of human brains and digital technologies. Geoff Mulgan explores how collective intelligence has to be consciously organized and orchestrated in order to harness its powers. He looks at recent experiments mobilizing millions of people to solve problems, and at groundbreaking technology like Google Maps and Dove satellites. He also considers why organizations full of smart people and machines can make foolish mistakes--from investment banks losing billions to intelligence agencies misjudging geopolitical events--and shows how to avoid them. Highlighting differences between environments that stimulate intelligence and those that blunt it, Mulgan shows how human and machine intelligence could solve challenges in business, climate change, democracy, and public health. But for that to happen we'll need radically new professions, institutions, and ways of thinking. Informed by the latest work on data, web platforms, and artificial intelligence, Big Mind shows how collective intelligence could help us survive and thrive.   

One of The Guardian's Favourite Reads of 2017 as chosen by scientests
A fascinating and important book.---James Crabtree, Financial Times
The trenchant questions and thoughtful discussion in Big Mind . . . will help us to reimagine our institutions and convince us of the urgency of doing so.---Beth Simone Noveck, Nature
[Big Mind] charts the emergence of the new field of collective intelligence, which is harnessing human and digital capabilities for collaborative problem-solving on an unprecedented scale. It's an argument with profound implications for the way we organise science, universities, businesses and governments.---James Wilsden, The Guardian
[Big Mind] raises many awkward questions about why modern institutions, stacked with clever people and overflowing with useful data, are so often prone to collective intelligence failures, from some of the policy decisions that led up to this year's Grenfell Tower fire in London to the run-in to the financial crisis a decade ago.---James Crabtree, Financial Times
Mr Mulgan's basic thought is that organisations, like individual minds, can contain highly intelligent elements and yet still be pretty stupid as a whole . . . . The trick is to balance the different sources of cleverness in such a way as to get the best out of all of them.---Oliver Moody, The Times
"This important work provides a sophisticated analysis of the various human and computational forms of collective intelligence. Mulgan demonstrates in a powerful way how such collective intelligence can be mobilized to deal effectively and wisely with the most urgent problems on the planet."--Howard Gardner, author of Multiple Intelligences
"In Big Mind, Mulgan nails it yet again. How collective intelligence can stay ahead of artificial intelligence is the big question of the day and Mulgan has answers. This is a smart, lucid, and compelling book."--Julia Hobsbawm, author of Fully Connected
"Mulgan combines distinguished academic expertise with extensive real-world policy experience. In this important, wide-ranging book, he shows how decision making can be hugely improved in our increasingly networked world. To those of us dismayed by how ineffectually democracy now operates, Big Mind offers a dose of optimism and many concrete proposals. It's enlightening--indeed inspiring--and should be read by all citizens, especially those aspiring to improve all levels of governance."--Martin Rees, Astronomer Royal and former president of the Royal Society
"This book presents a novel way of seeing the world that places collective intelligence center stage. It assesses the practice and evidence on how we might achieve more intelligent institutions and systems, by making the most use of emerging technologies, and by applying more systematic methods to amplifying intelligence in everyday tools for shaping and making decisions."--Stefaan G. Verhulst, GovLab, New York University
"This insightful and broad-ranging book will appeal to business leaders at all levels, from tech giants to start-ups."--Martha Lane Fox, executive chair of Doteveryone
"Big Mind is a book the world needs. At a time of intense pessimism about our capacity to reimagine society's systems, and amid rising populism, Mulgan offers a balanced and highly sophisticated approach to revamping democracy and our institutions. Rather than providing technocratic solutions, he lays out intelligent ways to more deeply involve individuals. Through smartly designed systems that structure for participation, a better world is possible--Mulgan's magnificent book shows us how."--Jeremy Heimans, cofounder of Purpose, GetUp!, and Avaaz
"Big Mind brims with pragmatic, unexpected insights. Mulgan filters his awe-inspiring breadth of academic knowledge through the lens of decades of practical experience."--Scott Page, University of Michigan

Preface viiIntroduction Collective Intelligence as a Grand Challenge 1Part IWhat Is Collective Intelligence? 91 The Paradox of a Smart World 112 The Nature of Collective Intelligence in Theory and Practice 14Part II Making Sense of Collective Intelligence as Choice 333 The Functional Elements of Collective Intelligence 354 The Infrastructures That Support Collective Intelligence 485 The Organizing Principles of Collective Intelligence 606 Learning Loops 707 Cognitive Economics and Triggered Hierarchies 768 The Autonomy of Intelligence 909 The Collective in Collective Intelligence 9910 Self-Suspicion and Fighting the Enemies of Collective Intelligence 119Part III Collective Intelligence in Everyday Life 12911 Mind-Enhancing Meetings and Environments 13112 Problem Solving: How Cities and Governments Think 14513 Visible and Invisible Hands: Economies and Firms as Collective Intelligence 16114 The University as Collective Intelligence 17415 Democratic Assembly 18116 How Does a Society Think and Create as a System? 19317 The Rise of Knowledge Commons: It's for Everyone 200Part IV Collective Intelligence as Expanded Possibility 21518 Collective Wisdom and Progress in Consciousness 217Afterword: The Past and Future of CollectiveIntelligence as a Discipline 229Summary of the Argument 237Notes 239Index 263

ISBN: 9780691170794
ISBN-10: 0691170797
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 280
Published: 28th November 2017
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 16.1 x 23.8  x 2.3
Weight (kg): 0.57
Edition Number: 1