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The Polysynthesis Parameter : Oxford Studies in Comparative Syntax (Paperback) - Mark C. Baker

The Polysynthesis Parameter

Oxford Studies in Comparative Syntax (Paperback)

Paperback Published: 19th December 1996
ISBN: 9780195093087
Number Of Pages: 580

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  • Hardcover View Product Published: 4th January 1996

This book investigates in detail the grammar of polysynthetic languages--those with very complex verbal morphology. Baker argues that polysynthesis is more than an accidental collection of morphological processes; rather, it is a systematic way of representing predicate-argument relationships that is parallel to but distinct from the system used in languages like English. Having repercussions for many areas of syntax and related aspects of morphology and semantics, this argument results in a comprehensive picture of the grammar of polysynthetic languages. Baker draws on examples from Mohawk and certain languages of the American Southwest, Mesoamerica, Australia, and Siberia.

Industry Reviews

Baker's findings regarding Mohawk reflexive verbs are interesting ... this is an important book ... Almost the entire book is very readable. Baker has the ability to communicate the backbone of a linguistic argument to linguists ... I learned more about GB and Principles & Parameters from this book than I have from putatively introductory works. * Journal of Linguistics *

Introduction: Of Parameters and Polysynthesisp. 3
Geniuses and Parametersp. 6
An Initial Acquaintance with Mohawkp. 9
Toward a Macroparameterp. 14
Preliminary Evidence for the MVCp. 19
Other Implications and Prospectusp. 23
On Morphological Structure and Syntactic Structurep. 27
Notesp. 35
The Position of NPsp. 41
All NPs Are Adjunctsp. 43
Disjoint Reference Effectsp. 43
The Absence of NP Anaphorsp. 49
The Absence of Nonreferential Quantified NPsp. 53
Interrogative Constructionsp. 66
CED Effectsp. 73
Weak Crossover Effectsp. 77
Why NPs Cannot Be in Argument Positionp. 83
Notesp. 89
The Licensing of NPsp. 96
Similarities with Clitic Left Dislocationp. 98
The Necessity of a Null Pronounp. 98
The NP Is Adjoinedp. 100
The NP Is Part of a Chainp. 102
The NP Is Not Movedp. 110
The Adjunct Licensing Conditionp. 111
Differences: I. Possible Adjunction Sitesp. 113
Left Adjunction vs. Right Adjunctionp. 114
The Category of the Adjoined-to Phrasep. 118
Intonational Evidencep. 121
Differences: II. Features of the Adjoined NPp. 121
Numberp. 122
Definitenessp. 125
Casep. 129
Conclusionp. 132
Notesp. 133
Discontinuous Constituentsp. 138
The Nature of the Problemp. 138
Floated Quantifiersp. 144
All-type Quantifiersp. 144
A Lot-type Quantifiersp. 152
Operator Constructionsp. 158
Split Interrogativesp. 158
Relative Clauses: Internally Headed and Otherwisep. 162
Split Demonstrativesp. 176
Conclusionp. 180
Notesp. 182
Word Structure and Phrase Structure
Agreement and Clause Structurep. 189
Introductionp. 189
Case and the Number of Agreement Morphemesp. 192
Basic Verb Typesp. 193
The Location of Agreementp. 198
Reflexive Verbsp. 199
Arguments Without Agreementp. 203
The Form of Agreementp. 211
Lexically Determined Formp. 212
Configurationally Determined Formp. 217
Some Refinementsp. 224
Agreement in Other Languagesp. 234
Conclusionp. 237
Notesp. 238
Agreement and the Structure of NPp. 244
The R Argumentp. 244
Noun Prefixes in Mohawkp. 244
Noun Prefixes in Other Languagesp. 248
The Absence of Determinersp. 252
Other NP-Internal Argumentsp. 257
The Markedness of Possessor Agreement (Nichols' Problem)p. 257
Why Possessor Agreement Is Markedp. 260
Dependent-Marked Possessorsp. 262
Head-Marked Possessorsp. 265
Noun Complementsp. 271
Conclusionp. 273
Notesp. 274
Noun Incorporationp. 279
The Cross-linguistic Distribution of NIp. 280
Why Some Languages Cannot Have NIp. 280
How NI Satisfies the MVCp. 283
The Semantics of NIp. 287
The Language-Internal Distribution of NIp. 291
The Basic Generalizationp. 291
Problems With the Previous Analysisp. 295
Goal Incorporationp. 297
Theme Incorporationp. 300
Agent Incorporationp. 303
The Syntactic Nature of NIp. 306
A Preliminary Comparisonp. 307
Agreement and the Null Argumentp. 314
Disjoint Reference Effectsp. 320
NI and Questionsp. 322
NI and Agreement in Other Languagesp. 326
Conclusionp. 329
Notesp. 330
Complex Predicatesp. 338
Limitations on Possessor Raisingp. 339
Morphological Causativesp. 348
Limitations on the Mohawk Causativep. 348
The "Light" Causative Constructionp. 352
Causatives in Other Languagesp. 361
Conclusionsp. 372
Control Constructionsp. 374
The Mohawk Purposivep. 374
Other Languagesp. 380
Distinguishing Control From LVCsp. 383
Adjectival Predicates and Possessor Raisingp. 384
Conclusionp. 389
Notesp. 391
Nonnominal Categories
Adpositional Phrasesp. 399
The Internal Structure of PPsp. 400
The Argument Structure of the Pp. 400
The P-Complement Relationp. 405
The Possessor of the Complementp. 410
The External Distribution of PPsp. 414
The Impossibility of PP Argumentsp. 416
The Licensing of Adjunct PPsp. 422
The Null Adpositionp. 424
Applicative Constructionsp. 426
Higher-Predicate Applicativesp. 432
Adpositional Applicativesp. 439
Conclusionp. 445
Notesp. 446
Embedded Clausesp. 452
The Distribution of Argument Clausesp. 452
Clausal Subjectsp. 454
Clausal Complementsp. 458
Nominalizationp. 465
Predicting the Patternsp. 469
The Internal Structure of Clausesp. 471
The Absence of Infinitivesp. 472
Alleged Examples of Infinitivesp. 475
Implications for Controlp. 484
Conclusionp. 491
Notesp. 492
Conclusion: On the Nature of Parameterizationp. 496
Is There a Macroparameter?p. 496
Are There Other Macroparameters?p. 504
Why Are There Macroparameters?p. 506
A Biological Explanationp. 508
A Sociological Explanationp. 510
A Theological Explanationp. 512
Notesp. 515
Abbreviationsp. 517
Orthography and Pronunciationp. 522
Sources and Methodsp. 524
Referencesp. 527
Indexp. 539
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780195093087
ISBN-10: 0195093089
Series: Oxford Studies in Comparative Syntax (Paperback)
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 580
Published: 19th December 1996
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.96 x 15.32  x 3.71
Weight (kg): 0.78

Earn 326 Qantas Points
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