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Quantum Mechanics in Chemistry : Topics in Physical Chemistry - Jack Simons

Quantum Mechanics in Chemistry

Topics in Physical Chemistry

Hardcover Published: 1st September 1996
ISBN: 9780195082005
Number Of Pages: 640

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Written for beginning graduate students and advanced undergraduates, this unique text combines both introductory and modern quantum chemistry in a single volume. Unlike similar texts, which concentrate on quantum physics and provide only brief examples of chemical applications, Quantum Mechanics in Chemistry focuses on the topics a chemist needs to know. It provides an introduction to the fundamentals of quantum mechanics as they apply to chemistry, then moves on to the more modern aspects of the field, which are very important in industry and are not emphasized in any other text. It also includes introductions to molecular spectroscopy, chemical dynamics, and computational chemistry as applied to electronic structures. The authors' websites offer text-related computer programs and a large number of exercises, problems, and solutions to further enhance the flexibility and utility value of the text for students, instructors, and professionals in the field. The publisher's website is linked to the authors' websites: see Appendix H for WWW addresses.

Industry Reviews

'... most suitable for postgraduate students specialising in quantum chemistry in the British University system!' Aslib Book Guide, Vol. 62, No. 9, September 1997 Good books on quantum mechanics in chemistry are always welcome. ... This well-written text provides a good basis to standard quantum chemistry. Nature, vol.388, 31 July 1997

Section 1 The Basic Tools of Quantum Mechanics 1: Quantum Mechanics describes matter in terms of wavefunctions and energy levels. Physical measurements are described in terms of operators acting on wavefunctions. I: Operators, Wavefunctions, and the Schrodinger Equation II: Examples of Solving the Schrodinger Equation III: The Physical Relevance of Wavefunctions, Operators, and Eigenvalues 2: Approximation methods can be used when exact solutions to the Schrodinger equation can not be found. I: The Variational Method II: Perturbation Theory III: Example Applications of Variational and Perturbation Methods 3: The Application of the Schrodinger equation to the motions of electrons and nuclei in a molecule lead to the chemists' picture of electronic energy surfaces on which vibration and rotation occurs and among which transitions take place. I: The Born-Oppenheimer Separation of Electronic and Nuclear Motions II: Rotation and Vibration of Diatomic Molecules III: Rotation of Polyatomic Molecules IV: Summary Summary Section 1 Exercises and Problems and Solutions Section 2 Simple Molecular Orbital Theory 4: Valence atomic orbitals on neighboring atoms combine to form bonding, non-bonding, and antibonding molecular orbitals. I: Atomic Orbitals II: Molecular Orbitals 5: Molecular orbitals possess specific topology, symmetry, and energy-level patterns. I: Orbital Interaction Topology II: Orbital Symmetry 6: Along "reaction paths", orbitals can be connected one-to-one according to their symmetries and energies. This is the origin of the Woodward-Hoffman rules. I: Reduction in Symmetry Along Reaction Paths II: Orbital Correlation Diagrams - Origins of the Woodward-Hoffman Rules 7: The most elementary molecular orbital models contain symmetry, nodal pattern, and approximate energy information. I: The LCAO-MO Expansion and the Orbital-Level Schrodinger Equation II: Determining the Effective Potential V Section 2 Exercises and Problems and Solutions Section 3 Electronic Configurations, Term Symbols, and States 8: Electrons are placed into orbital to form configurations, each of which can be labeled by its symmetry. The configurations may "interact" strongly if they have similar energies. The mean-field model, which forms the basis of chemists' pictures of electronic structure of molecules, is not very accurate. I: Orbitals Do Not Provide the Complete Picture; Their Occupancy by the N-Electrons Must Be Specified II: Even N-Electron Configurations Are Not Mother Nature's True Energy States III: Mean-Field Model IV: Configuration Interaction (CI) Describes the Correct Electronic States 9: Electronic wavefunctions must be constructed to have permutational antisymmetry because the N-electrons are indistinguishable Fermions. I: Electronic Configurations II: Antisymmetric Wavefunctions 10: Electronic wavefunctions must also possess proper symmetry. These include angular momoentum and point group symmetries. I: Angular Momentum Symmetry and Strategies for Angular Momentum Coupling II: Atomic Term Symbols and Wavefunctions III: Linear Molecule Term Symbols and Wavefunctions IV: Non-linear Molecule Term Symbols and Wavefunctions V: Summary 11: One must be able to evaluate the matrix elements among properly symmetry adapted N-electron configuration functions for any operator, the electronic Hamiltonian in particular. The Slater-Condon rules provide this capability. I: CSF's Are Used to Express the Full N-Electron Wavefunction II: The Slater-Condon Rules Give Expressions for the Operator Matrix Elements Among the CSF's III: Examples of Applying the Slater-Condon Rules IV: Summary 12: Along "reaction paths", configurations can be connected one-to-one according to their symmetries and energies. This is another part of the Woodward-Hoffmann rules. I: Concepts of Configuration and State Energies II: Mixing of Covalent and Ionic Configurations III: Various Types of Configuration Mixing Section 3 Exercises and Problems and Solutions Section 4 Molecular Rotation and Vibration 13: Treating the full internal nuclear-motion dynamics of a polymatomic molecule is complicated. It is conventional to examine the rotational movement of a hypothetical "rigid" molecule as well as the vibrational motion of a non-rotating molecule, and to then treat the rotation-vibration couplings using perturbation theory. I: Rotational Motions of Rigid Molecules II: Vibrational Motion Within the Harmonic Approximation III: Anharmonicity Section 5 Time Dependent Processes 14: The interaction of a molecular species with electromagnetic fields can cause transitions to occur among the available molecular energy levels (electronic, vibrational, rotational, and nuclear spin). Collisions among molecular species likewise can cause transitions to occur. Time-dependent perturbation theory and the methods of molecular dynamics can be employed to treat such transitions. I: The Perturbation Describing Interactions with Electromagnetic Radiation II: Time-Dependent Perturbation Theory III: The Kinetics of Photon Absorption and Emission 15: The tools of time-dependent perturbation theory can be applied to transitions among electronic, vibrational, and rotational states of molecules. I: Rotational Transitions II: Vibration-Rotation Transitions III: Electronic-Vibration-Rotation Transitions IV: Time Correlation Function Expressions for Transition Rates 16: Collisions among molecules can also be viewed as a problem in time-dependent quantum mechanics. The perturbation is the "interaction potential", and the time dependence arises from the movement of the nuclear positions. I: One Dimensional Scattering II: Multichannel Problems III: Classical Treatment of Nuclear Motion IV: Wavepackets Section 6More Quantitative Aspects of Electronic Structure Calculations 17: Electrons interact via pairwise Coulomb forces; within the "orbital picture" these interactions are modelled by less difficult to treat "averaged" potentials. The difference between the true Coulombic interactions and the averaged potential is not small, so to achieve reasonable (ca. 1 kcal/mol) chemical accuracy, high-order corrections to the orbital picture are needed. I: Orbitals, Configurations, and the Mean-Field Potential II: Electron Correlation Requires Moving Beyond a Mean-Field Model III: Moving from Qualitative to Quantitative Models IV: Atomic Units 18: The Single Slater determinant wavefunction (properly spin and symmetry adapted) is the starting point of the most common mean-field potential. It is also the origin of the molecular orbital concept. I: Optimization of the Energy for a Multiconfiguration Wavefunction II: The Single Determinant Wavefunction III: The Unrestricted Hartree-Fock Spin Impurity Problem IV: The LCAO-MO Expansion V: Atomic Orbital Basis Sets VI: The Roothaan Matrix SCF Process VII: Observations on Orbitals and Orbital Energies 19: Corrections to the mean-field model are needed to describe the instantaneous Coulombic interactions among the electrons. This is achieved by including more than one Slater determinant in the wavefunction. I: Different Methods II: Strengths and Weaknesses of Various Models III: Further Details on Implementing Multiconfigurational Methods 20: Many physical properties of a molecule can be calculated as expectation values of a corresponding quantum mechanical operator. The evaluation of other properties can be formulated in terms of the "response" (i.e., derivative) of the electronic energy with respect to the application of an external field perturbation. I: Calculations of Properties Other Than the Energy II: Ab Initio, Semi-Empirical, and Empirical Force Fields Section 6 Exercises and Problems and Solutions Useful Information and Data Appendices Mathematics Review A The Hydrogen Atom Orbitals B Quantum Mechanical Operators and Commutation C Time Independent Perturbation Theory D Point Group Symmetry E Qualitative Orbital Picture and Semi-Empirical Methods Angular Momentum Operator Identities G

ISBN: 9780195082005
ISBN-10: 0195082001
Series: Topics in Physical Chemistry
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 640
Published: 1st September 1996
Publisher: Oxford University Press Inc
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 25.96 x 18.39  x 3.38
Weight (kg): 1.28

Earn 626 Qantas Points
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