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Outcome-Based Evaluation - Robert L. Schalock

Outcome-Based Evaluation

Hardcover Published: 31st December 2000
ISBN: 9780306464584
Number Of Pages: 272

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Outcome-based evaluation continues to play a central role in the larger field of policy analysis and speaks to the needs and interests of administrators, students, policymakers, funders, consumers, and educators. In a thoroughgoing revision of the first edition of this classic text and reference, published by Plenum in 1995, the author broadens the coverage from his previous emphasis on developmental disabilities to include other areas of human and social service delivery such as education, health, mental health, aging, substance abuse, and corrections.

Industry Reviews

From reviews of the First Edition:
"... [E]minently readable...[with] a wonderfully up-to-date library of references... [The book] offers an evaluation orientation in which values for the well-being of people are foundations. In so doing, it demonstrates that effective evaluation clearly is not just a set of technical methods and tools but, at its heart, it is anchored ultimately in the values...of stakeholders. This is no small contribution..."
(Journal of the Association for Persons with Severe Handicaps)
"...A welcome addition to available texts on program evaluation. ... Appropriate for program evaluators and experienced service providers with management and supervision responsibilities... An excellent addition to evaluation-focused preservice and inservice training efforts."
(American Journal on Mental Retardation)
"Readers of this book...will find many inspirations for their own evaluative efforts. ...Contains plenty of good advice."
(Evaluation and Program Planning)
"The focus on outcomes is a welcome addition to the program evaluation textbook market... A useful text for program evaluation students."
(American Journal of Evaluation)
"Outcome-based evaluation continues to play a central role in larger field of education, health care, and rehabilitation policy analysis; and it speaks to the needs and interests of administrators, students, policymakers, funders, consumers, and educators. In this second edition (an extensive revision of the 1995 first edition), the author broadens the range of topics to include education, health, mental health, aging, substance abuse, and corrections."
(Administration and Policy in Mental Health, 29:1 (2001)

An Overview of Outcome-Based Evaluation
An Overview of Outcome-Based Evaluation and Its Applicationp. 5
Overviewp. 5
Definitionp. 6
Elementsp. 7
Methodological Pluralismp. 9
Comparison with Other Types of Evaluationp. 12
Formative Feedbackp. 13
Summaryp. 14
Study Questionsp. 16
Additional Readingsp. 16
Program Evaluationp. 17
Overviewp. 17
Use of Outcome Measuresp. 19
A Multiple Measurement Approach to Accountabilityp. 20
Performance Assessmentp. 20
Consumer Appraisalp. 22
Functional Assessmentp. 23
Personal Appraisalp. 24
Evaluabilityp. 25
Program Evaluation Factorsp. 26
Action Steps Involved in Using Desired Outcomes to Guide Organization Improvementp. 26
Establish Baselinep. 28
Determine Desired Outcomesp. 28
Align Services with Desired Outcomesp. 33
The Utilization of Program Evaluation Datap. 35
Understanding the Organization's Personalityp. 36
Being Aware of Key Success Factorsp. 36
Summaryp. 37
Study Questionsp. 39
Additional Readingsp. 40
Effectiveness Evaluationp. 41
Overviewp. 42
Effectiveness Evaluation Model and Analysis Stepsp. 43
Performance Goals (Anticipated Outcomes)p. 43
Purpose and Comparison Conditionp. 48
Methodologyp. 49
Data Collection and Analysisp. 51
Person and Organization-Referenced Outcomesp. 52
Effectiveness of a Demonstration Programp. 53
Overviewp. 53
Performance Goals (Anticipated Outcomes)p. 53
Purpose and Comparison Conditionp. 53
Methodologyp. 54
Data Collection and Analysisp. 54
Outcomesp. 54
Critiquep. 54
Effectiveness of Consumer-Generated Survey Datap. 56
Overviewp. 56
Performance Goals (Anticipated Outcomes)p. 56
Purpose and Comparison Conditionp. 56
Methodologyp. 56
Data Collection and Analysisp. 57
Outcomesp. 58
Critiquep. 58
Influence of Participant Characteristics and Program Componentsp. 59
Overviewp. 59
Performance Goals (Anticipated Outcomes)p. 59
Purpose and Comparison Conditionp. 59
Methodologyp. 60
Data Collection and Analysisp. 60
Outcomesp. 61
Critiquep. 61
Summaryp. 62
Study Questionsp. 64
Additional Readingsp. 64
Impact Evaluationp. 65
Overviewp. 66
Outcomes versus Impactsp. 67
Comparison Conditionp. 67
Impact Evaluation Designsp. 70
Person as Own Comparisonp. 71
Pre/Post Change Comparisonp. 71
Longitudinal Status Comparisonp. 73
Hypothetical Comparison Groupp. 73
Matched Pairs (Cohorts)p. 73
Experimental/Controlp. 75
Steps Involved in Impact Evaluationp. 82
The Impact of Different Training Environmentsp. 83
Purpose/Questions Askedp. 83
Comparison Conditionp. 83
Core Data Sets and Their Measurementp. 84
Resultsp. 85
Discussion of Results and Their Implicationsp. 86
The Impact of Transitional Employment Programsp. 87
Purpose/Questions Askedp. 87
Comparison Conditionp. 88
Core Data Sets and Their Measurementp. 88
Resultsp. 89
Discussion of Results and Their Implicationsp. 92
Summaryp. 93
Study Questionsp. 94
Additional Readingsp. 95
Policy Evaluationp. 97
Overviewp. 97
An Overview of Benefit-Cost Analysisp. 99
Policy Evaluation Model and Process Stepsp. 102
Modelp. 102
Data Setsp. 103
Process Stepsp. 107
Families and Disabilityp. 109
Welfare-to-Work Paths and Barriersp. 111
Implementation of the 1992 Vocational Rehabilitation Amendmentsp. 114
Guidelinesp. 116
Summaryp. 118
Study Questionsp. 120
Additional Readingsp. 121
Outcomes: Their Selection, Measurement, and Analysis
Selecting Outcomesp. 127
Overviewp. 127
The Reform Movementp. 128
Accountability Dimensionp. 129
Quality Dimensionp. 131
Selection Criteriap. 134
Outcome Measures: Regular Educationp. 136
Outcome Measures: Special Educationp. 137
Outcome Measures: Health Carep. 139
Outcome Measures: Mental Healthp. 141
Outcome Measures: Disabilitiesp. 144
Outcome Measures: Agingp. 148
Outcome Measures: Substance Abusep. 150
Outcome Measures: Correctionsp. 152
Generic Outcome Measuresp. 155
Summaryp. 156
Study Questionsp. 157
Additional Readingsp. 158
Measuring Outcomesp. 159
Overviewp. 159
Psychometric Measurement Standardsp. 164
Realiabilityp. 164
Validityp. 164
Standardization Groupp. 165
Normsp. 165
Performance Assessmentp. 165
Effectivenessp. 165
Efficiencyp. 169
Consumer Appraisalp. 171
Satisfactionp. 175
Fidelity to the Modelp. 176
Functional Assessmentp. 180
Adaptive Behaviorp. 181
Role Statusp. 182
Personal Appraisalp. 186
The Concept of Quality of Lifep. 187
The Assessment of Quality of Lifep. 189
Summaryp. 193
Study Questionsp. 194
Additional Readingsp. 194
Analyzing and Interpreting Outcomesp. 195
Overviewp. 196
Input Variables: Recipient Characteristicsp. 197
Age and Genderp. 197
Diagnosis or Verificationp. 198
Adaptive Behavior Levelp. 199
Role Statusp. 199
Throughput Variables: Core Service Functions and Cost Estimatesp. 199
Core Service Functionsp. 199
Cost Estimatesp. 201
Statistical Principles, Guidelines, and Analysesp. 207
Statistical Principlesp. 207
Statistical Guidelinesp. 210
Statistical Analysesp. 213
Interpreting External Influences on Outcomesp. 216
Clinical Significancep. 218
Threats to Internal Validityp. 220
Organization Variablesp. 221
Attritionp. 228
Summaryp. 230
Study Questionsp. 232
Additional Readingsp. 232
Future Scenariosp. 233
Overviewp. 233
Increased Variability of the Service Deliver Systemp. 235
Balance between Performance Measurement and Value Assessmentp. 237
Evaluation Theory: Embracing the Postmodernist Paradigmp. 238
Managing For Resultsp. 239
Outsourcing of Evaluationp. 242
Summary and Conclusionp. 245
Study Questionsp. 247
Additional Readingsp. 247
Referencesp. 249
Author Indexp. 263
Subject Indexp. 267
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780306464584
ISBN-10: 0306464586
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 272
Published: 31st December 2000
Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.42 x 16.1  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.6
Edition Number: 2
Edition Type: Revised

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