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Optical and Laser Diagnostics 2002 :  Proceedings of the First International Conference London, 16-20 December 2002 - C. Arcoumanis

Optical and Laser Diagnostics 2002

Proceedings of the First International Conference London, 16-20 December 2002

By: C. Arcoumanis (Editor), K. T. V. Grattan (Editor)

Hardcover Published: January 2003
ISBN: 9780750309585
Number Of Pages: 256

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From the automotive industry to blood flow monitoring, optical techniques and laser diagnostics are becoming integral parts in engineering and medical instrumentation. Written by leading global experts from industry, academic groups, and laboratories, this volume provides an international perspective on both existing applications and leading-edge research. With a focus on advanced engineering applications, the book discusses the application of techniques such as laser Doppler velocimetry, particle image velocimetry, and planar laser-induced fluorescence to automotive engines, burners, and gas turbines. It also covers the flow, sprays, and combustion in direct-injection gasoline engines as well as the fundamental structure of flames as revealed by complementary laser techniques. In addition, the book explores laser diagnostic techniques used in the biomedical field and reviews novel research on the use of fiber-optic sensor techniques for structural integrity and physical condition monitoring.

Prefacep. v
Laser Diagnostics
Advanced Laser Spectroscopy in Combustion, Catalysis and Medicinep. 1
Local Flame/Flow Characterisation in Turbulent Flame Propagationp. 3
Fibre Optic Sensor Arrangements for the Analysis of Flame Propagation in Standard Spark Ignited Multicylinder Enginesp. 9
Planar Laser Induced Fluorescence Measurements of Fuel Concentration in a Gasoline Direct Injection Optical Enginep. 23
Acoustic-optic Frequency Switching for Two-Wavelength Planar Doppler Velocimetryp. 33
An Investigation of Underexpanded Free Jets from Straight Nozzlesp. 39
Instantaneous Three-Dimensional Visualization of Concentration Distributions in Turbulent Flows with a Single Laserp. 45
Characterisation of Drop Impact on Heated Surfaces by Optical Techniquesp. 53
Time-Resolved Particle Image Velocimetry: Analysis of Random Errorsp. 55
A High Power Single-Mode Tunable Laser for Nonlinear Optical Diagnostics in Combustionp. 61
Engine Related Applications
Optical Diagnostics for Internal Combustion Enginesp. 63
Temporal Measurements of Mass Concentration of Soot Aggregates in the Diesel Exhaust by Two-Color Extinction Methodp. 65
Characterization of Mixture Distribution and Combustion in a DISI Optical Engine Under Late Injection Modep. 71
An Investigation of the Effect of Nozzle Characteristics on Liquid Atomisation in a GDI Injectorp. 77
Development of a Wall Film Thickness Measuring Devicep. 83
Simulating the Effect of Multiple Scattering on Images of Dense Spraysp. 89
Laser and Optical Diagnostics
Optical Diagnostics of Pressure and Temperature using Laser Induced Thermal Gratingsp. 95
Fibre Optical Diagnostics for structural Condition Monitoring Applications Exemplified in the Millennium Projectp. 97
Quantitive NO-LIF Imaging in High-Pressure Flamesp. 107
Spray Characteristics of a Multi-Hole Injector for Direct Injection Gasoline Enginesp. 115
Hybrid Optical/Digital Codec for Mitigation of Optical Aberrationsp. 117
Effect of Chamber Pressure on the Spray Structure from a Swirl Pressure Atomiser for Direct Injection Gasoline Enginesp. 121
Quantitative Characterisation of Diesel Sprays Using Digital Imaging Techniquesp. 131
Mobile Laser-Based Optical Triangulation System for the Measurement of Structuresp. 139
The Interrogation of Multipoint Fibre Optic Sensor Signals Utilising Artificial Neural Network Pattern Recognition Techniquesp. 147
Fibre Bragg Grating Coupled Fluorescent Optical Fibre Sensorsp. 153
Phase Response of Nonlinear Medium Induced by Transitions Between Excited Energy Levelsp. 159
Saturation of Dye Solution in Principal Channel by Using Two Light Fieldsp. 169
Velocity Measurements
Particle Image Velocimetry: from Two-Dimensional to Three-Dimensional Velocity Mapping with Holographic Recording, Object Conjugate Reconstruction (OCR) and Optical Correlationp. 179
Image Fibre Bundle Based 3 Component Planar Doppler Velocimetryp. 181
Optical-Diagnostic Study of Two-Dimensional, Premixed Laminar Flamesp. 187
In-Plan Quantification of 3-D Velocities and Turbulence Intensities Using a Flow Visualisation Techniquep. 193
The Development and Application of Time Resolved PIV at the University of Strathclydep. 199
Velocity Field Measurements in a Non-Premixed, Bluff-Body Burner Using Digital Particle Image Velocimetryp. 209
2-D LIF Measurements of Thermo-Acoustic Phenomena in Lean Premixed Flames of a Gas Turbine Combustorp. 215
High Speed Imaging of Shocked and Detonated Gasesp. 221
An Investigation of the Problem of Multiple Scattering from Seeding Particles in Laser Sheet Studies of Shock Induced Gas Mixingp. 231
Biomedical Applications
PIV Measurements in Large-Scale Cardiovascular Models--The Importance of Dynamic Scalingp. 239
Laser Diagnostics of Dynamics Phenomena in Biological Objects: Model Measurements, Numerical Simulations, and Medical Applicationsp. 249
Study of Flow Characteristics and Particle Trajectories in a Model of the Human Upper Airwayp. 251
Glucose Monitoring using Laser NIR Spectroscopyp. 253
Author Indexp. 255
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780750309585
ISBN-10: 075030958X
Series: Institute of Physics Conference
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 256
Published: January 2003
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Ltd
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.24  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.6
Edition Number: 1

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