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Moral Measures : An Introduction to Ethics West and East - James Tiles

Moral Measures

An Introduction to Ethics West and East

Hardcover Published: 27th April 2000
ISBN: 9780415224956
Number Of Pages: 352

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What basis do we have for condemning the Aztec custom of human sacrifice, the Chinese tradition of foot-binding, or the African practice of female genital mutilation? What can we learn from the moral traditions of other cultures? Addressing such questions, "Moral" "Measures" is a clear, fresh and accessible introduction to ethics which carefully illuminates the difficult issues surrounding cross-cultural ethics and moral thought. By examining Eastern and Western moral traditions, J. E. Tiles explores the basis for determining ethical measures of conduct across different cultures. Drawing on a rich array of ethical thinkers, including Aristotle, Kant and Confucius, Tiles argues that ethical problems are shared by apparently opposed moral traditions and that there is much to be learned by comparing them.

Industry Reviews

"This is a solid, interesting, and insightful work. All in all a wonderfully polished set of expositions and arguments!." -David Hall, University of Texas, El Paso ..."well and clearly written...sophisticated in its insights...presents a scholarly and persuasive interpretation of various ethical theories." -Geoffrey Scarre, University of Durham "J.E. Tiles offers an elaborate and detailed exploration of cross-cultural ethical thought... Tiles presents a sophisticated treatment of the enduring question of the standard or measure of moral conduct. It is rich in understanding and offers many insights on the questions and theories surveyed." -Wendy Donner, Carleton University "Jim Tile's "Moral Measures: An Introduction to Ethics West and East is a rare and welcome approach to the field of ethics because it not only provides a comprehensive review of the classical Western ethical theories but also takes into account Eastern ethical systems such as Confucianism, Yangism, Moism, Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism as valuable resources for understanding moral constructs...Tile's "Moral Measures, with its extensive discussion and deliberate inclusion of Eastern ethical theories, provides an invaluable starting point for future intercultural exchange in the field of ethics. "Philosophy East and West July 2003."

Prefacep. ix
Acknowledgementsp. xii
The field of ethics--a preliminary surveyp. 1
Approaching the subject: Something old, something peculiarp. 2
Creatures of habit: Habit, custom and culturep. 5
Impulses to approve or to condemn: Harmless ritual and ritual cannibalismp. 10
Conflicting responses: Foot-binding, genital mutilation and abortionp. 15
Concrete moralitiesp. 24
Conventions, laws and climates of attitude: The revenge ethic and the spirit of capitalismp. 25
Psychological foundations and mechanisms of reproduction: Guilt and shame, ritual and mythp. 30
Manners and morals: Etiquette, diet and fashion as moral phenomenap. 37
Law and morality: Rough music and rough handlingp. 41
Sources of validityp. 50
Tradition and charisma: Spartans, Socrates and their nomoip. 51
Nature: Ritual purity, karma and incestp. 56
God's will: The impatience of Job and the submission of al-Asharip. 61
Reason: The lex talionis and reason's aestheticp. 66
Conflict and the search for standardsp. 73
Conflict: The anguish of Arjuna and the arrogance of Euthyphrop. 74
Standards: Straight thinking and right-angled conductp. 79
Rational authority: Two ways to straighten the use of wordsp. 86
Reason and reality: Seductive and authoritative objectsp. 92
Man as the measurep. 101
Relativism: Protagoras, conventionalism and tolerancep. 102
Anarchism: Intuitions, optimism and the tao of Chuang Tzup. 107
Skepticism: From peace of mind to 'queer' entitiesp. 112
Non-cognitivism: Emotivism, prescriptivism and distant viewsp. 117
Law as measurep. 126
The lawful and the just: Lex and iusp. 127
Procedures, rules and particulars: Oracles and kadis, precedents and statutesp. 133
Equity and casuistry: A mute divinity, the Lesbian rule and the tyranny of principlesp. 139
The diversity of justice: Equality, self-determination and collective responsibilityp. 145
The measure of lawp. 153
Persons, rights and roles: God, slaves and corporationsp. 154
Natural slaves and natural law: Contours of nature and the flow of rhetoricp. 160
Kant's canon: Reason and its imperativesp. 167
Taking legal measures: Respect for persons and the limits of coercionp. 174
The qualities of exemplary personsp. 183
Duties of virtue: Perfection of self and duties of beneficencep. 184
Classical virtues and the rule of ritual: Elite and demotic virtues, setting a good examplep. 191
Where the standard resides: Rituals, laws and sage kingsp. 197
The analysis of virtue: Choice, the mean, reason and practical wisdomp. 202
The end as a standardp. 213
The role of reason: Teleology, deontology and deliberative rationalityp. 214
The appeal to human nature: For the standard of what it is to live wellp. 220
Eudaimonia and the ethical excellences: Contemplation and public servicep. 227
A Confucian take on eudaimonia: Blending reason and ritualp. 234
Pleasure as the measurep. 243
The protean standard of hedonism: Whose pleasures? Which assessment of risk?p. 244
Private pleasures and public responsibilities: Selves, friends and fellow citizensp. 251
The universal standpoint: Concern for everyone, general happinessp. 257
The golden rule and the expanding circle: Respect for sentience and the throne of pleasure and painp. 264
The self as a problemp. 273
Asceticism and salvation: Dependencies, holy virginity and soteriologyp. 274
Suffering as the problem: Four noble truths and an eight-fold noble pathp. 279
Apathy (apatheia) and non-attachment (anupadisesa): The pathology of the passionsp. 285
In the world but not of it: Hermits, monks and early capitalistsp. 292
Conclusion: Measures that fall short?p. 301
Challenging the sovereignty of reason: Slaves versus managers of the passionsp. 302
Social animals: Associates, friends, communitiesp. 307
Concern for everyone: Charity, compassion and contracting circlesp. 311
Character tablep. 316
Referencesp. 317
Indexp. 327
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780415224956
ISBN-10: 0415224950
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 352
Published: 27th April 2000
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.88  x 3.18
Weight (kg): 0.65
Edition Number: 1

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