Preface | p. v |

The Place of Measurement, Instrumentation, and Laboratory | p. 1 |

Introduction | p. 1 |

Significance of Measurement and Instrumentation | p. 3 |

Measuring Systems | p. 4 |

The Measurement Problem | p. 17 |

The Instrumentation Problem | p. 22 |

The Laboratory Problem | p. 22 |

Reports | p. 26 |

Nomenclature | p. 29 |

Units and Standards | p. 29 |

Problems | p. 35 |

References | p. 40 |

Transducers | p. 41 |

Physical Laws | p. 41 |

Static Characteristics | p. 48 |

Transducer Types and Modeling | p. 66 |

Calibration | p. 74 |

Errors in Measurements | p. 77 |

Uncertainty Analysis | p. 81 |

Problems | p. 88 |

References | p. 94 |

Suggested Readings | p. 95 |

Structure of Measuring Systems | p. 97 |

Methods of Measurement | p. 97 |

Comparison of Methods of Measurement | p. 105 |

Interaction Between Components | p. 108 |

Bridge Circuits | p. 134 |

Basic Transducer Circuits | p. 141 |

Systems with Feedback | p. 147 |

Methods of Noise Reduction | p. 156 |

Noise Documentation | p. 166 |

Problems | p. 168 |

References | p. 174 |

Dynamic Characteristics of Instruments | p. 177 |

Introduction | p. 177 |

Modeling | p. 177 |

Time Response of Instruments | p. 181 |

Analog Data: Errors and Corrections | p. 196 |

Limitations of Time-Domain Analysis | p. 204 |

Frequency Response of Instruments | p. 205 |

Response to Periodic Signals | p. 226 |

Response to Transient Signals | p. 228 |

Problems | p. 236 |

References | p. 241 |

Suggested Readings | p. 242 |

Nonself-Generating Transducers and Applications | p. 243 |

Introduction | p. 243 |

Differential Transformers | p. 244 |

Differential Transformers: Applications | p. 250 |

Carrier Systems | p. 255 |

Inductive Transducers | p. 264 |

Inductive Transducers: Applications | p. 266 |

Strain Gages | p. 275 |

Strain Gages: Applications | p. 283 |

Capacitive Transducers | p. 290 |

Capacitive Transducers: Applications | p. 293 |

Problems | p. 298 |

References | p. 302 |

Suggested Readings | p. 303 |

Signal Conditioning and Output Devices | p. 305 |

Introduction | p. 305 |

Operational Amplifiers: Characteristics | p. 306 |

Operational Amplifiers: Basic Circuits | p. 310 |

Op-Amp Amplifiers and Applications | p. 316 |

Binary Numbering System | p. 325 |

Digital Techniques | p. 326 |

Functional Logic Circuits | p. 338 |

Output Devices | p. 349 |

Output/Storage Devices | p. 358 |

Problems | p. 375 |

References | p. 384 |

Displacement, Motion, Force, Torque, and Pressure Measurements | p. 387 |

Introduction | p. 387 |

Dimension and Displacement Measurements | p. 388 |

Motion Measurements | p. 395 |

Velocity Measurements | p. 396 |

Acceleration Measurements | p. 398 |

Force Measurements | p. 415 |

Torque Measurements | p. 422 |

Pressure Measurements | p. 423 |

Problems | p. 442 |

References | p. 452 |

Fluid-Flow Measurements | p. 457 |

Introduction | p. 457 |

Laminar and Turbulent Flow | p. 458 |

"Direct" Flow Measurements | p. 460 |

"Indirect" Flow Measurements | p. 476 |

Square-Root-Law Flowmeters | p. 477 |

Turbine Flowmeters | p. 488 |

Vortex-Shedding Flowmeters | p. 489 |

Hot-Wire and Hot-Film Anemometers | p. 491 |

Mass Flowmeters | p. 495 |

Problems | p. 500 |

References | p. 504 |

Temperature Measurements | p. 509 |

Introduction | p. 509 |

International Practical Temperature Scale | p. 510 |

Expansion and Filled Thermometers | p. 511 |

Thermocouples | p. 514 |

Resistance Temperature Detectors | p. 532 |

Thermistors | p. 539 |

Pyrometers: Principles | p. 542 |

Pyrometers | p. 549 |

Miscellaneous Temperature Sensors | p. 556 |

Problems | p. 558 |

References | p. 563 |

Laboratory Experiments | p. 567 |

Introduction | p. 567 |

Experiment 1. Voltage Measurements: Oscilloscopes, Multimeters, and Digital Multimeters | p. 569 |

Experiment 2. Transducers and Physical Laws | p. 590 |

Experiment 3. Measuring Systems | p. 610 |

Experiment 4. Strain Gage Applications | p. 617 |

Experiment 5. Time Response of Instruments | p. 648 |

Experiment 6. Frequency Response of Instruments | p. 662 |

Experiment 7. Signal Conditioning | p. 674 |

Review of Electrical Networks | p. 695 |

Linear Ordinary Differential Equations with Constant Coefficients | p. 729 |

Fourier Transforms | p. 735 |

Index | p. 745 |

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