The word "globalization" is used to convey the hope and determination of order-making on a worldwide scale. It is trumpeted as providing more mobility -- of people, capital, and information -- and as being equally beneficial for everyone. With recent technological developments -- most notably the Internet -- globalization seems to be the fate of the world. But no one seems to be in control. As noted sociologist Zygmunt Bauman shows in this detailed history of globalization, while human affairs now take place on a global scale, we are not able to direct events; we can only watch as boundaries, institutions, and loyalties shift in rapid and unpredictable ways. Who benefits from the new globalization? Are people in need assisted more quickly and efficiently? Or are the poor worse off than ever before? Will a globalized economy shift jobs away from traditional areas, destroying time-honored national industries? Who will enjoy access to jobs in the new hierarchy of mobility?
From the way the global economy creates a class of absentee landlords to current prison designs for the criminalized underclass, Bauman dissects globalization in all its manifestations: its effects on the economy, politics, social structures, and even our perceptions of time and space. In a chilling analysis, Bauman argues that globalization divides as much as it unites, creating an ever-widening gulf between the haves and the have-nots. Rather than the hybrid culture we had hoped for, globalization is creating a more homogenous world.
Drawing on the works of philosophers, social historians, architects, and theoreticians such as Michel Foucault, Claude LA(c)vi-Strauss, Alfred J. Dunlap, and Le Corbusier, "Globalization" presents a historical overview of the methods employed to create and define human spaces and institutions, from rural villages to sprawling urban centers. Bauman shows how the advent of the computer translates into the decline of truly public space. And he explores the dimensions of a world in which -- through new technologies -- time is accelerated and space is compressed, revealing how we have arrived at our current state of global thinking. Bauman's incisive methods of inquiry make "Globalization" an excellent antidote to the exuberance expressed by those who stand to benefit from the new pace and mobility of the modern life.
Anyone prepared to move beyond the seductiveness of libertarian ideology... will find Globalization as eloquent a summation of the problem as they are likely to encounter anywhere. -- Alan Ehrenhalt Wilson Quarterly Utilizing the works of philosophers, historians, architects, and theoreticians, British sociologist Zygmunt Bauman takes a hard look at the history, ethics, and economic and social consequences of globalization, and finds that it will inevitably divide more than it unites. Globe and Mail A valuable introduction to the question of globalization, and, more importantly, sets a new agenda for sociological theory at the beginning of the twenty-first century. Acta Sociologica A powerful antidote to bland political-cultural pronouncements of the 'there is no alternative' variety. British Journal of Sociology Brooding brilliance... Bauman subtly lays out [globalization's] 'human consequences.' Independent
Introduction1 Time and ClassAbsentee Landlords, mark IIFreedom of movement and the self-constitution of societiesNew speed, new polarization2 Space Wars: A Career ReportThe Battle of the mapsFrom mapping space to the spatialization of mapsagoraphobia and the renaissance of localityIs there life after Panopticon?3 After the Nation-state - What?Universalizing - or being globalized?The new expropriation: this time, of the stateThe global hierarchy of mobility4 Tourists and VagabondsBeing a consumer in a consumer societyDivided we moveMoving through the world vs. the world moving byFor better or worse - united5 Global Law, Local OrdersFactories of immobilityPrisons in the post-correction ageSafety: a tangible means to an elusive endThe out of orderNotes Index