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Geoenvironmental Engineering : Site Remediation, Waste Containment, and Emerging Waste Management Technologies - Hari D. Sharma

Geoenvironmental Engineering

Site Remediation, Waste Containment, and Emerging Waste Management Technologies

Hardcover Published: 15th June 2004
ISBN: 9780471215998
Number Of Pages: 992

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Geoenvironmental Engineering covers the application of basic geological and hydrological science, including soil and rock mechanics and groundwater hydrology, to any number of different environmental problems.<br> * Includes end-of-chapter summaries, design examples and worked-out numerical problems, and problem questions.<br> * Offers thorough coverage of the role of geotechnical engineering in a wide variety of environmental issues.<br> * Addresses such issues as remediation of in-situ hazardous waste, the monitoring and control of groundwater pollution, and the creation and management of landfills and other above-ground and in-situ waste containment systems.

Industry Reviews

"Appropriately balanced.... The authors possess the special ability of presenting scientific and engineering information while maintaining an easy-to-read style. Almost all topics dealt with include one or more examples of practical application (this feature may be one of the authors' secrets which make their book so reader friendly). This book provides an extensive compilation of up-to-date knowledge on geoenvironmental technologies and makes a major contribution to putting this essential discipline on a solid footing. It will not be surprising if it rapidly becomes a best seller." (Land Contamination and Reclamation, 13:1, 2005)

"Sharma and Reddy cover the topic [of Geoenvironmental Engineering] thoroughly in this book...this is an excellent text that may very well dominate this field for several years." (Journal of Hazardous Materials, November 2004)

Preface.

PART I: BASIC PRINCIPLES.

1. INTRODUCTION.

1.1 Emergence of Geoenvironmental Engineering.

1.2 Types of Geoenvironmental Problems.

1.3 Book Organization.

1.4 Summary.

Questions/Problems.

References.

2. RELEVANT ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS AND REGULATIONS.

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 Development of Laws and Regulations.

2.3 Federal Environmental Laws and Regulations.

2.4 State and Local Laws and Regulations.

2.5 Impact of Regulations on Geoenvironmental Practice.

2.6 Summary.

Questions/Problems.

References.

3. CHEMICAL BACKGROUND.

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Toxic Chemicals.

3.3 Inorganic Chemistry Background.

3.4 Organic Chemistry Background.

3.5 Nuclear Chemistry Background.

3.6 Chemical Analysis Methods.

3.7 Summary.

Questions/Problems.

References.

4. COMPOSITION OF SOILS.

4.1 Introduction.

4.2 Soil Formation.

4.3 Soil Composition.

4.4 Soil Fabric.

4.5 Summary.

Questions/Problems.

References.

5. SOIL PROPERTIES.

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 Geotechnical Properties.

5.3 Chemical Properties.

5.4 Summary.

Questions/Problems.

References.

6. GEOCHEMISTRY BACKGROUND.

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 Inorganic Geochemistry.

6.3 Organic Geochemistry.

6.4 Summary.

Questions/Problems.

References.

7. GROUNDWATER FLOW.

7.1 Introduction.

7.2 Hydrologic Cycle and Groundwater.

7.3 Aquifer, Aquiclude, and Aquitard.

7.4 Hydraulic Head and Aquifer Properties.

7.5 Groundwater Flow in Aquifers.

7.6 One-Dimensional Steady Flow.

7.7 Flow Toward a Pumping Well.

7.8 Pumping and Slug Testing.

7.9 Two- and Three-Dimensional Groundwater Flow.

7.10 Summary.

Questions/Problems.

References.

8. CONTAMINANT TRANSPORT AND FATE.

8.1 Introduction.

8.2 Transport Processes.

8.3 Chemical Mass Transfer Processes.

8.4 Biological Process (Biodegradation).

8.5 Contaminant Transport and Fate Modeling.

8.6 Applications.

8.7 Summary.

Questions/Problems.

References.

PART II: REMEDIATION TECHNOLOGIES.

9. SUBSURFACE CONTAMINATION: SOURCES, CONTAMINANTS, REGULATIONS, AND REMEDIAL APPROACH.

9.1 Introduction.

9.2 Sources of Contamination.

9.3 Types of Contaminants.

9.4 Relevant Regulations.

9.5 Other Considerations.

9.6 Remediation Approach.

9.7 Summary.

Questions/Problems.

References.

10. CONTAMINATED SITE CHARACTERIZATION.

10.1 Introduction.

10.2 General Methodology.

10.3 Preliminary Site Assessment.

10.4 Exploratory Site Investigation.

10.5 Detailed Site Investigation.

10.6 Expedited or Accelerated Site Characterization.

10.7 Summary.

Questions/Problems.

References.

11. RISK ASSESSMENT AND REMEDIAL STRATEGY.

11.1 Introduction.

11.2 Risk Assessment Procedures.

11.3 USEPA Procedure.

11.4 ASTM Procedure.

11.5 Other Risk Assessment Methods.

11.6 Remedial Strategy.

Questions/Problems.

References.

12. IN-SITU WASTE CONTAINMENT.

12.1 Introduction.

12.2 Vertical Barriers.

12.3 Bottom Barriers.

12.4 Surface Caps or Covers.

12.5 Groundwater Pumping Systems.

12.6 Subsurface Drains.

12.7 Summary.

Questions/Problems.

References.

13. SOIL REMEDIATION TECHNOLOGIES.

13.1 Introduction.

13.2 Soil Vapor Extraction.

13.3 Soil Washing.

13.4 Stabilization and Solidification.

13.5 Electrokinetic Remediation.

13.6 Thermal Desorption.

13.7 Vitrification.

13.8 Bioremediation.

13.9 Phytoremediation.

13.10 Soil Fracturing.

13.11 Summary.

Questions/Problems.

References.

14. GROUNDWATER REMEDIATION TECHNOLOGIES.

14.1 Introduction.

14.2 Pump and Treat.

14.3 In-Situ Flushing.

14.4 Permeable Reactive Barriers.

14.5 In-Situ Air Sparging.

14.6 Monitored Natural Attenuation.

14.7 Bioremediation.

14.8 Summary.

Questions/Problems.

References.

PART III LANDFILLS AND SURFACE IMPOUNDMENTS.

15. SOURCES AND CHARACTERISTICS OF WASTES 605

15.1 Introduction.

15.2 Sources of Wastes.

15.3 Classification of Wastes.

15.4 Waste Characterization.

15.5 Environmental Concerns with Wastes.

15.6 Waste Management Strategies.

15.7 Engineered Waste Disposal Facilities.

15.8 Summary.

Questions/Problems.

References.

16. LANDFILL REGULATIONS, SITING, AND CONFIGURATIONS 635

16.1 Introduction.

16.2 Federal Regulations.

16.3 State and Local Regulations.

16.4 Siting Methodology.

16.5 Site Permit Application.

16.6 Landfill Configurations.

16.7 Summary.

Questions/Problems.

References.

17. WASTE CONTAINMENT LINER SYSTEMS.

17.1 Introduction.

17.2 Low-Permeability Soil Liners.

17.3 Geomembrane Liners.

17.4 Geotextiles.

17.5 Geosynthetic Clay Liners.

17.6 Geonets and Geocomposite Drains.

17.7 Geogrids.

17.8 Interface Strengths among Various Liner Components.

17.9 Manufacturing and Construction Quality Assurance.

17.10 Estimation of Leakage through Liner Systems.

17.11 Performance of Liners in Waste Containment Systems.

17.12 Summary.

Questions/Problems.

References.

18. LEACHATE COLLECTION AND REMOVAL SYSTEMS AND LINER DESIGN.

18.1 Introduction.

18.2 Design Criteria.

18.3 Leachate Generation and Management.

18.4 Containment System Liner Design.

18.5 Summary.

Questions/Problems.

References.

19. FINAL COVER SYSTEMS.

19.1 Introduction.

19.2 Purpose and Design Criteria.

19.3 Regulatory Minimum Requirements.

19.4 Design Procedure.

19.5 Summary.

Questions/Problems.

References.

20. GAS GENERATION AND MANAGEMENT.

20.1 Introduction.

20.2 Gas Generation Mechanisms.

20.3 Gas Characteristics.

20.4 Gas Production Rates.

20.5 Gas Migration.

20.6 Gas Collection Systems.

20.7 Gas Flaring and Energy Recovery.

20.8 Summary.

Questions/Problems.

References.

21. GROUNDWATER MONITORING.

21.1 Introduction.

21.2 Regulatory Requirements.

21.3 Groundwater Monitoring Systems.

21.4 Detection Monitoring Program.

21.5 Assessment Monitoring Program.

21.6 Corrective Action Program.

21.7 Summary.

Questions/Problems.

References.

22. SURFACE IMPOUNDMENTS.

22.1 Introduction.

22.2 Regulatory Setting.

22.3 Liner Systems.

22.4 Surface Impoundment Design.

22.5 Cover Design.

22.6 Closure and Postclosure Care.

22.7 Summary.

Questions/Problems.

References.

PART IV: EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES.

23. BENEFICIAL USE OF WASTE MATERIALS: RECYCLING.

23.1 Introduction.

23.2 Types and Evaluation of Waste Materials.

23.3 Fly Ash.

23.4 Blast Furnace Slag.

23.5 Foundry Sand.

23.6 Papermill Sludge.

23.7 Municipal Sludge.

23.8 Incinerator Ash (Sewage Sludge Ash).

23.9 Glass.

23.10 Plastics.

23.11 Scrap Tires.

23.12 Demolition Debris and Recycled Concrete.

23.13 Wood Wastes.

23.14 Summary.

Questions/Problems.

References.

24. END USES OF CLOSED LANDFILLS.

24.1 Introduction.

24.2 Various End Uses of Closed Landfills.

24.3 Design Considerations.

24.4 Case Studies.

24.5 Summary.

Questions/Problems.

References.

25. BIOREACTOR LANDFILLS.

25.1 Introduction.

25.2 Types and Advantages of Bioreactor Landfills.

25.3 Regulatory Issues.

25.4 Bioreactor Design.

25.5 Bioreactor Landfill Operations and Maintenance.

25.6 Case Studies.

25.7 Research Issues.

25.8 Summary.

Questions/Problems.

References.

26. SUBAQUATIC SEDIMENT WASTE: IN-SITU CAPPING.

26.1 Introduction.

26.2 Relevant Terminology and Definitions.

26.3 Site Evaluation.

26.4 Cap Design.

26.5 Construction and Monitoring.

26.6 Regulatory and Economic Considerations.

26.7 Case Studies.

26.8 Summary.

Questions/Problems.

References.

Index.

ISBN: 9780471215998
ISBN-10: 0471215996
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 992
Published: 15th June 2004
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.13 x 19.81  x 5.46
Weight (kg): 1.87
Edition Number: 1

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