Current peace operations often include an element of enforcement. Such ope- tions are based upon Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter and are regularly endowed with a right to use `all necessary measures' to fulfil the tasks set down in the particular mandate from the UN Security Council. Such operations, moreover, are often deployed in unstable conditions that border on armed conflict, or in areas of existing conflict. At times, the military forces involved in these operations are also involved in the armed conflict itself. The utilization of military force naturally raises the question of the legal status of personnel in peace operations under international humanitarian law (IHL). They represent the international community and as such are protected personnel. But how should they be treated from the perspective of IHL? Should they, despite their obvious military characteristics, be regarded as civilians? At what point, if any, could they be regarded as combatants? On the issue of change of status under IHL, does the same threshold apply for the operation's military forces as for other mi- tary personnel? Does the involvement of peace forces in an armed conflict, made up of contributions from a number of States, automatically cause that conflict to assume an international nature? Are the Convention on the Safety of United Na- 3 tions and Associated Personnel and IHL, applicable in non-international armed conflicts, mutually exclusive? These dilemmas are well illustrated by the difficul- 4 ties facing the International Security and Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan.
Part I. Articles: 1. Moral ambiguities underlying the laws of armed conflict: a perspective from military ethics Th. A. van Baarda; 2. Protect responsibly: the African Union's implementation of Article 4(H) intervention Dan Kuwali; 3. The status of peace operation personnel under international humanitarian law Ola Engdahl; 4. Changing the landscape: Israel's gross violations of international law in the occupied Syrian Golan Ray Murphy and Declan Gannon; 5. Mistreatment of the wounded, sick and shipwrecked by the ICRC study on customary international humanitarian law James P. Benoit; Part II. Current Developments: 6. The year in review Benjamin To; 7. International criminal courts round-up Amna Guellali and Enrique Carnero Rojo; 8. The extraordinary chambers in the courts of Cambodia and the progress of the 'Khmer Rouge trials' Nina H. B. Jorgensen; 9. The Cluster Munition Convention: around the world in one year Nout van Woudenberg and Wouter Wormgoor; Part III. Correspondents' Reports.
Series: Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law
Number Of Pages: 639
Published: 31st December 2010
Publisher: T.M.C. Asser Press
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 24.0 x 16.0
Weight (kg): 1.14