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World Health Organization - Gian Luca Burci

World Health Organization

By: Gian Luca Burci (Editor), Claude-Henri Vignes (Editor)

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Published: 1st January 2004
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The World Health Organization (WHO) was established in 1946, as an essential step in the construction of the post-war system of international cooperation. Its creation is the culmination of an historical process that began in the nineteenth century and developed through the establishment in the twentieth century of a number of international sanitary bodies. WHO was meant, in the intentions of its founders, as the central international organization in the area of international health cooperation, with remarkable functions and powers to ensure guidance and coordination of international health work at the global level. It definitely represents the embodiment of the concept that diseases do not know or respect boundaries and that, as the preamble to WHOs Constitution states, the achievement of any State in the promotion and protection of health is of value to all.

WHO has used its authority and implemented its constitutional mandate in many different and sometimes innovative ways, at the normative, policy-making and technical levels alike. It has become an essential protagonist in the effort of the international community to control diseases and to promote good physical and mental health. It has also become a reference point not only for its Member States but also for the many groups and civil society organizations active in the field of public health.

Notwithstanding its importance and achievements, WHO is probably not so well-known outside its specific field of competence as other international agencies, especially as regards its structure and its normative and policy work. The authors, a former legal counsel of WHO and senior official of WHOs legal office, have written a thorough and systematic review of WHO in its changing historical and political context, aiming in particular at practitioners and scholars without a specific medical background.

The Authorsp. 3
Acknowledgementsp. 5
List of Abbreviationsp. 13
Introductionp. 15
Genesisp. 15
The Constitutionp. 17
Participationp. 21
Membershipp. 21
Admissionp. 21
Incidents of Membershipp. 26
Rights and Obligations of Member Statesp. 32
Associate Members and Territoriesp. 33
Structurep. 35
The World Health Assemblyp. 35
Compositionp. 35
Delegatesp. 35
Representativesp. 36
Observersp. 36
Operationp. 39
Rolep. 44
The Executive Boardp. 45
Compositionp. 45
Operationp. 46
Rolep. 47
The Secretariatp. 50
The Director-Generalp. 50
The Staffp. 51
Regional Arrangementsp. 53
Geographical Areasp. 53
Regional Organizationsp. 55
Regional Committeesp. 55
Regional Officesp. 56
The Advisory Opinion of 22 December 1980p. 57
The Special Arrangements (PAHO)p. 59
Non-statutory Bodiesp. 62
Relations of WHOp. 67
Relations with Statesp. 67
Relations with Intergovernmental Organizationsp. 73
General Considerationsp. 73
Relations with UNDPp. 74
Relations with UNICEFp. 76
Co-sponsored Programmesp. 78
HRP and TDRp. 79
Codex Alimentariusp. 80
UNAIDSp. 84
Relations with Non-governmental Organizationsp. 89
Relations with the Private Sector and 'Partnerships'p. 94
Competencep. 107
The Concept of Healthp. 107
The Advisory Opinion of 8 July 1996p. 114
Functionsp. 119
General Considerationsp. 119
WHO's Functions and their Categorizationp. 119
Programming and Prioritiesp. 121
Normative Functionsp. 124
International Conventions and Agreementsp. 124
General Considerationsp. 124
The Framework Convention on Tobacco Controlp. 126
Regulationsp. 131
General Considerationsp. 131
The Nomenclature Regulationsp. 132
The International Health Regulationsp. 134
Recommendations and Other Non-binding Standardsp. 141
Introductionp. 141
The International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutesp. 142
The Standard Setting Processp. 146
General Considerations on the Use by WHO of its Normative Functionsp. 153
Directing and Coordinating Functionsp. 156
Health for Allp. 160
Poverty and Healthp. 165
The Fight against Diseasep. 170
Onchocerciasisp. 172
Smallpoxp. 174
The Global Smallpox Eradication Programme, 1959-1967p. 174
The Intensified Smallpox Eradication Programme, 1968-1980p. 175
Vaccination Campaignsp. 176
Surveillance-containmentp. 177
Collection of Datap. 177
Information and Educationp. 178
International Supportp. 178
Researchp. 179
The Global Certification of Smallpox Eradicationp. 180
The Destruction of the Stocks of Variola Virusp. 181
Tuberculosisp. 182
WHO and TB Controlp. 182
WHO's DOTS Strategy to Control TBp. 184
The Global Partnership to Stop TBp. 185
Political Commitment and Financial Resourcesp. 186
Access to Medicinesp. 187
Rational Selection and Usep. 189
Prices and Impact of International Trade Agreementsp. 189
Financingp. 192
Reliable Health and Supply Systemsp. 193
Research and Technical Cooperationp. 195
Financep. 201
Legal Basisp. 201
Financial Resourcesp. 202
The Regular Budgetp. 202
Extrabudgetary Resourcesp. 204
Contributions to the Regular Budgetp. 207
Data and Publicationsp. 211
Introductionp. 211
WHO's Publicationsp. 212
Information on Health Legislationp. 214
Databasesp. 215
The Libraryp. 216
The WHO Websitep. 217
Addressesp. 219
Short Bibliographyp. 221
Monographsp. 221
Articles and Contributionsp. 222
Constitution of the World Health Organizationp. 225
Annex VII - The World Health Organizationp. 241
World Health Declarationp. 243
Members of the World Health Organizationp. 245
Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Healthp. 251
Subject Indexp. 253
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9789041122735
ISBN-10: 9041122737
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 256
Published: 1st January 2004
Publisher: Kluwer Law International
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 24.23 x 16.76  x 1.68
Weight (kg): 0.4