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World Forests from Deforestation to Transition? : World Forests - Matti Palo

World Forests from Deforestation to Transition?

World Forests

By: Matti Palo (Editor), Heidi Vanhanen (Editor)

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  • Hardcover View Product Published: 31st January 2001
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This text addresses global and subnational issues concerning the world's forests, societies, and environment from an independent and non-governmental point of view. Co-operation on a global scale is not only commendable, it is essential if solutions to the problems facing the world's forests are to be found. To achieve this, modern science needs to draw a clearer picture of relationships between forests, human activity, and the environment, and of the consequences of environmental change for the societies' development and growth. There are several - partly intermingled - evolutionary forest transitions underway: the slow transition from forest area decrease to an increase in the North while deforestation and degradation continues in the South. Although not all deforestation is considered negative, serious social, economic, and environmental costs may be associated with excessive deforestation. Deforestation control is just the first step on the stony path towards sustainable forest management. The forest management transition refers to the shift in the utilization towards managed semi-natural, secondary forests and plantation forests. There are some signs in the North of the forest paradigm shift from sustainable yield to forest ecosystem concepts. How deforestation can be tackled and how these concurrent transitions are effected will have profound implications for the future. These processes involve several challenges with South-North dimensions. A search for an optimum mix of public policies and markets is a global priority both as a forest policy issue and as an inter-sectoral item on the political agenda. Deforestation and transition is discussed here by a team of 14 scientists from both the North and the South. This book offers knowledge, facts, and information about world forests, society, and environment to help us towards equity in our use of the global forest - to create a clearer vision of "unasylva".

Global Overview and Policies
Global Prospects on Deforestation and Forest Transitionp. 3
Introductionp. 3
World Forests Contextp. 3
Purpose of This Volumep. 5
Overview of the Bookp. 6
Forest Transition Prospectsp. 6
Causes of Pantropical Deforestationp. 8
Deforestation in Brazil and Indonesiap. 9
Deforestation in Africap. 10
Policy Proposalsp. 11
Deforestation Controlp. 11
Towards Forest Transitionp. 15
Forest Transition
South-North Challenges in Global Forestryp. 25
A Time of Transition?p. 25
Management Transitionsp. 26
Forest-Area Transitionsp. 26
A Changing Forest Paradigm?p. 27
Global Integration: A Global Forest-Resource Systemp. 28
Internationalization of Productionp. 30
Internationalizing Trends: Supplyp. 31
Internationalizing Trends: Demandp. 33
A Strengthening Trend?p. 33
Challengesp. 35
Deforestation and Forest Transition: Theory and Evidence in Chinap. 41
Introductionp. 41
Framework of Deforestation and Forest Transitionp. 42
Land Use for Agriculture versus Forestryp. 42
Management of Forest Landp. 43
Causes for Shifts in Land Use and Managementp. 47
History of Deforestation Processp. 49
Loess Plateau and Guangzhong Regionp. 49
North Chinap. 50
South and Southeast Chinap. 51
Southwest and Northeast Chinap. 52
General Pattern of Deforestationp. 53
From Deforestation to Forest Transitionp. 54
Prospects for the Futurep. 60
Concluding Policy Implicationsp. 62
From Deforestation to Reforestation in New England, United Statesp. 67
Introductionp. 67
Historical Backgroundp. 69
Theoretical Framep. 70
Optimal Land Use, Comparative Advantage and Reforestationp. 70
Timber: Extractive Output, Productive Land Use, and Scarce Resourcesp. 71
Features of Manufacturing and Locational Decisionsp. 72
"Forest Kuznets Curve"?p. 72
Empirical Evidence and Implicationsp. 73
Datap. 73
Empirical Evidencep. 74
Multiple Land-Use Driversp. 74
From Advantage and Agglomerationp. 77
Discussionp. 78
Forest Plantations in the South: Environmental-Economic Evaluationp. 83
Forest Plantations in the Tropical Southp. 84
Economic Rationale of Forest Plantationsp. 84
Environmental-Economic Valuationp. 86
Case study: Acacia Plantations in the Philippinesp. 88
Financial and Economic Profitability Analysesp. 88
Environmental-Economic Profitabilityp. 90
Sensitivity Analysesp. 93
Discussionp. 94
Underlying Causes of Deforestation
Modeling Causes of Deforestation with 477 Subnational Unitsp. 101
Introductionp. 101
Model and Datap. 104
Model Specificationp. 104
Empirical Datap. 106
Variablesp. 107
Results of Basic Modelingp. 111
Description of Modelsp. 111
Population Effectsp. 113
Income Effectsp. 114
Reliability of Available Datap. 115
Ecological Zonesp. 115
Continental and Scaling Variablesp. 115
Results of Basic Modeling Extensionsp. 116
Ranking of Causal Factorsp. 116
Change Variable Modelingp. 118
Discussionp. 119
Key Findingsp. 119
Validity and Reliability of the Resultsp. 120
Comparison with Earlier Findingsp. 122
Demographic and Ecological Factors in FAO Tropical Deforestation Modellingp. 125
Backgroundp. 125
Modeling Deforestationp. 126
Problem Formulationp. 126
The FORIS databasep. 127
Modeling Approach in FRA 1990p. 130
Development Historyp. 131
Populationp. 132
Ecologyp. 132
Framework for the Analysisp. 133
Data and Methodsp. 133
Resultsp. 135
Discussionp. 136
Conclusionsp. 138
Causes of Brazilian Amazon Deforestationp. 143
Introductionp. 143
The Modernization of Agriculturep. 144
Fiscal and Credit Policies in Agriculturep. 146
Agricultural Researchp. 147
Quantifying the Impact of Policies on Demand for Landp. 147
Regional Development Policiesp. 149
Accessibility and Roadsp. 149
Fiscal and Credit Incentivesp. 150
Colonization Programsp. 151
Growth Polesp. 152
The Rise of Environmental Concernp. 153
Quantifying the Effects of Regional Policiesp. 154
The Sources and Actors of Deforestationp. 155
Agropastoral Activitiesp. 155
Squattersp. 157
Cattle Ranchesp. 159
Loggingp. 161
Infrastructure Constructionp. 162
Conclusionsp. 163
Deforestation and Forest Policies in Indonesiap. 167
Introductionp. 167
Forest Policiesp. 168
Forestry Legislationp. 168
Forestry in National Developmentp. 170
Forest Managementp. 171
Dimensions of Deforestationp. 173
Forestry Sector Modelingp. 176
The Deforestation Modelp. 176
Future Scenariosp. 178
Discussionp. 180
Deforestation and Agricultural Expansion in Mhonda area, Tanzaniap. 183
Introductionp. 183
Methodologyp. 184
Study Site and Data Collectionp. 184
Model and Main Assumptionsp. 185
Base Model Results Compared to Real Life Behaviourp. 186
Results of Sensitivity Model Analysisp. 188
Changes of Population Growthp. 188
Impact of Changes of Working Capital Availabilityp. 189
Impact of Agricultural Crop Price Changesp. 190
Impact of Increased Fertilizer Pricesp. 190
Impact of Changes in Risk Aversionp. 191
Discussionp. 192
Socio-Cultural History of Deforestation in Africap. 195
Introductionp. 195
Socio-History of African Deforestationp. 196
Population Pressurep. 197
Ecology and Fertilityp. 198
The Demographic Transition Theoryp. 199
What Affects Fertility Rates?p. 199
History of Land Usep. 202
Stage One: Climatic Changep. 203
Stage Two: Incipient Cultivationp. 203
Stage Three: Towards Intensive Resource Utilizationp. 204
Stage Four: Mixed Farming and Increasing Populationp. 205
Discussionp. 206
Contributorsp. 210
Indexp. 212
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792366843
ISBN-10: 0792366840
Series: World Forests
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 216
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 17.78  x 1.25
Weight (kg): 0.41