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Word and Object : Studies in Communication - Willard Van Orman Quine

Word and Object

Studies in Communication

Paperback

Published: 1st January 1960
For Ages: 18+ years old
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Paperback
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Language consists of dispositions, socially instilled, to respond observably to socially observable stimuli. Such is the point of view from which a noted philosopher and logician examines the notion of meaning and the linguistic mechanisms of objective reference. In the course of the discussion, Professor Quine pinpoints the difficulties involved in translation, brings to light the anomalies and conflicts implicit in our language's "referential apparatus," clarifies semantic problems connected with the imputation of existence, and marshals reasons for admitting or repudiating each of various categories of supposed objects. He argues that the notion of a language-transcendent "sentence-meaning" must on the whole be rejected; meaningful studies in the semantics of reference can only be directed toward substantially the same language in which they are conducted.

Prefacep. ix
Language and Truth
Beginning with ordinary thingsp. 1
The objective pull or, e pluribus unump. 5
The interanimation of sentencesp. 9
Ways of learning wordsp. 13
Evidencep. 17
Posits and Truthp. 21
Translation and Meaning
First steps of radical translationp. 26
Stimulation and stimulus meaningp. 31
Occasion sentences. Intrusive informationp. 35
Observation sentencesp. 40
Intrasubjective synonymy of occasion sentencesp. 46
Synonymy of termsp. 51
Translating logical connectivesp. 57
Synonymous and analytic sentencesp. 61
Analytic hypothesesp. 68
On failure to perceive the indeterminacyp. 73
The Ontogenesis of Reference
Words and Qualitiesp. 80
Phonetic normsp. 85
Divided referencep. 90
Predicationp. 95
Demonstratives. Attributivesp. 100
Relative terms. Four phases of referencep. 105
Relative clauses. Indefinite singular termsp. 110
Identityp. 114
Abstract termsp. 118
Vagaries of Reference
Vaguenessp. 125
Ambiguity of termsp. 129
Some ambiguities of syntaxp. 134
Ambiguity of scopep. 138
Referential opacityp. 141
Opacity and indefinite termsp. 146
Opacity in certain verbsp. 151
Regimentation
Aims and claims of regimentationp. 157
Quantifiers and other operatorsp. 161
Variables and referential opacityp. 166
Time. Confinement of general termsp. 170
Names reparsedp. 176
Conciliatory remarks. Elimination of singular termsp. 181
Definition and the double lifep. 186
Flight from Intension
Propositions and eternal sentencesp. 191
Modalityp. 195
Propositions as meaningsp. 200
Toward dispensing with intensional objectsp. 206
Other objects for the attitudesp. 211
The double standardp. 216
Dispositions and conditionalsp. 222
A framework for theoryp. 226
Ontic Decision
Nominalism and realismp. 233
False predilections. Ontic commitmentp. 238
Entia non gratap. 243
Limit Mythsp. 248
Geometrical objectsp. 251
The ordered pair as a philosophical paradigmp. 257
Numbers, mind, and bodyp. 262
Whither classes?p. 266
Semantic ascentp. 270
Bibliographical Referencesp. 277
Indexp. 287
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780262670012
ISBN-10: 0262670011
Series: Studies in Communication
Audience: Professional
For Ages: 18+ years old
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 310
Published: 1st January 1960
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 13.6 x 20.4  x 1.9
Weight (kg): 0.34