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Women in Mathematics : Women in Mathematics - Lynn M. Osen

Women in Mathematics

Women in Mathematics

Paperback Published: 1st January 1975
ISBN: 9780262650090
Number Of Pages: 185
For Ages: 18+ years old

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"'It takes all the running you can do to keep in the same place, '" remarks the Red Queen to Alice in Lewis Carroll's "Through the Looking Glass." "'If you want to get somewhere else, you must run at least twice as fast as that ' It is surely a part of Carroll's] genius that he has this dialogue take place between two females," Lynn Osen notes dryly, "for nowhere is this metaphor more applicable than it is for women in mathematics." Yet despite the prejudice against intellectual women through almost all ages, there have always been those with the courage and determination to make their gifts known. "Women in Mathematics" uses biographies of selected women mathematicians to trace the history of feminine scholarship in this area from prehistory to the present. They include Hypatia, a professor of mathematics and philosophy at the University of Alexandria about 400 A.D.; Maria Agnesi, whose "Analytical Institutions" was one of the first and finest calculus texts of the eighteenth century; Emilie de Breteuil, Marquise du Chatelet, who first translated Newton's "Principia" into French and who was Voltaire's intellectual and intimate companion; Caroline Herschel, an assistant to her brother, Sir William Herschel, and a pioneer astronomer in her own right; Sophie Germain, who won the "grand prix" of the French Academy of Sciences in 1816; Mary Somerville, whose "Mechanisms of the Heavens" and "The Connections of the Physical Sciences, " both written lucidly and with a minimum of mathematical jargon, contributed to an effort to reduce English indifference to mathematical and scientific progress in the eighteenth century; Sonya Kovalevsky, the first woman elected to the Russian Academy of Sciences; and Emmy Noether, who had a profound influence on modern algebra. The colorful lives of these women, who often traveled in the most avant-garde circles of their day, are presented in fascinating detail. The obstacles and censures that were also a part of their lives are a sobering reminder of the bias against women still present in this and other fields of academic endeavor. Mathematicians, science historians, and general readers will find this book a lively history; women will find it a reminder of a proud tradition and a challenge to take their rightful place in academic life today.

Introductionp. 1
Historyp. 11
Hypatia 370-415p. 21
From the Dark Ages to the Renaissance: the """"Witch"""" of Agnesi 1718-1799p. 33
Emilie De Breteuil, Marquise Du Ch√Ętelet 1706-1749p. 49
Caroline Herschel 1750-1848p. 71
Sophie Germain 1776-1831p. 83
Mary Fairfax Somerville 1780-1872p. 95
Sonya Corvin-Krukovsky Kovalevsky 1850-1891p. 117
Emmy (amalie) Noether 1882-1935p. 141
The Golden Age of Mathematicsp. 153
The Feminine Mathtiquep. 163
Referencesp. 173
Indexp. 179
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780262650090
ISBN-10: 0262650096
Series: Women in Mathematics
Audience: Professional
For Ages: 18+ years old
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 185
Published: 1st January 1975
Publisher: MIT Press Ltd
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 20.32 x 13.34  x 0.64
Weight (kg): 0.25