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Women and Socialism - Socialism and Women : Europe Between the World Wars - Helmut Gruber

Women and Socialism - Socialism and Women

Europe Between the World Wars

By: Helmut Gruber (Editor), Pamela Graves (Editor)

Paperback Published: 1st March 1999
ISBN: 9781571811523
Number Of Pages: 450

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Until recently, histories of women tended to be segregated from the larger historical context. This pioneering volume places the role of women within the history of the interwar years, whenboth the women's and socialist movements became prominent, and raises the key question of how power was distributed between the genders in a historical setting. The emblematic title of this volume highlights the fundamental conception of this comparative study of eleven West European countries: that in the interwar decades two great movements gained in strength, converged, diverged, competed, and cooperated. Each of these movements is viewed as acomplex matrix of organized and unorganized participants. However, by far the most provocative questions deal with gender relations. Central to these are definitions of femininity and masculinity in terms of mechanisms of inclusion and exclusion at the workplace, in the home, and in the political arena. The mystique of the "new woman" in the 1920s and the 1930s challenged traditional notions of gender identity and relations, not the least of which was the redefinition of the role of men. The main issue addressed in this volume is not how male socialists "dealt with" the woman question or how women functioned in or outside left-wingparties; it rather centers on illustrating the power distribution between the sexes in specific political and cultural contexts. This rigorously focused and coherent volume, to which some of the best-known scholars in the field have contributed, will no doubt establish itself as the standard reference work for years to come.

"Packs in all you wanted to know about the left and women during this fraught period." - American Historical Review

"This important collection ... provides a great deal of empirical information as well as interesting theoretical reflections. The breadth of the studies is impressive." - Central European History

List of Photo Essaysp. viii
List of Acronymsp. xii
Acknowledgmentsp. xv
Introductionp. 3
1914: Great Feminist Expectationsp. 25
Social Experiments
Introductionp. 47
The "New Woman": Realities and Illusions of Gender Equality in Red Viennap. 56
Modernization as Challenge: Perceptions and Reactions of German Social Democratic Womenp. 95
German Communism and New Women: Dilemmas and Contradictionsp. 135
Grassroots Initiatives
Introductionp. 171
An Experiment in Women-Centered Socialism: Labour Women in Britainp. 180
Gender and Democratic Socialism in the Netherlandsp. 215
Bread and Roses: Pragmatic Women in the Belgium Workers' Partyp. 238
Political Fractures
Introductionp. 269
French Women in the Crossfire of Class, Sex, Maternity and Citizenshipp. 279
The French Communist Party and Women 1920-1939: From "Feminism" to Familialismp. 321
"Ideals of Redemption": Socialism and Women on the Left in Spainp. 348
Women and the Left in the Shadow of Fascism in Interwar Italyp. 381
Prelude to Welfare States
Introductionp. 415
Social Democrats and the Woman Question in Sweden: A History of Contradictionp. 425
A Double Responsibility: Women, Men, and Socialism in Norwayp. 450
Socialist Feminists and Feminist Socialists in Denmark 1920-1940p. 478
Reflections
Women, Citizenship, and Powerp. 507
From Welfare Politics to Welfare States: Women and the Socialist Questionp. 516
List of Contributorsp. 547
Indexes
Name Indexp. 551
Subject Indexp. 553
Subject Index by Country
Austriap. 557
Belgiump. 560
Britainp. 563
Denmarkp. 567
Francep. 570
Germanyp. 574
Italyp. 579
The Netherlandsp. 581
Norwayp. 583
Spainp. 586
Swedenp. 589
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781571811523
ISBN-10: 1571811524
Series: Berghahn Ser.
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 450
Published: 1st March 1999
Publisher: BERGHAHN BOOKS INC
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 21.59 x 13.97  x 3.12
Weight (kg): 0.69
Edition Type: New edition