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Wind and Solar Power Systems : Design, Analysis, and Operation, Second Edition - Mukund R. Patel

Wind and Solar Power Systems

Design, Analysis, and Operation, Second Edition

Hardcover Published: 15th July 2005
ISBN: 9780849315701
Number Of Pages: 472

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The search for clean, renewable energy sources has yielded enormous growth and new developments in these technologies in a few short years, driving down costs and encouraging utilities in many nations, both developed and developing, to add and expand wind and solar power capacity. The first, best-selling edition of Wind and Solar Power Systems provided the most complete and modern treatment of renewable energy. This second edition continues the tradition by offering updated and expanded coverage of this growing field.
The book begins with individual sections devoted to wind power and solar photovoltaic technologies, their engineering fundamentals, conversion characteristics, operational considerations to maximize output, and emerging trends. The discussion of wind power includes the theory of induction machine performance and operation as well as generator speed control, while the solar PV section includes array design, environmental variables, and sun-tracking methods. This edition includes two chapters devoted to new and specialized technologies. The third section explores large-scale energy storage technologies, overall electrical system performance, and total plant economy while the final section explores ancillary power systems derived from the sun.
Focusing on the complete system rather than on a single component, Wind and Solar Power Systems: Design, Analysis, and Operation, Second Edition offers the most comprehensive reference to all aspects of modern renewable energy systems.

Wind Power Systems
Introductionp. 3
Industry Overviewp. 3
Incentives for Renewablesp. 5
Utility Perspectivep. 6
Referencesp. 10
Wind Powerp. 11
Wind Power in the Worldp. 11
U.S. Wind Power Developmentp. 15
Europe and the U.K.p. 19
Indiap. 21
Referencesp. 23
Wind Speed and Energyp. 25
Speed and Power Relationsp. 25
Power Extracted from the Windp. 27
Rotor-Swept Areap. 30
Air Densityp. 30
Global Wind Patternsp. 31
Wind Speed Distributionp. 33
Wind Speed Predictionp. 47
Wind Energy Resource Mapsp. 48
Referencesp. 60
Wind Power Systemsp. 61
System Componentsp. 61
Turbine Ratingp. 69
Power vs. Speed and TSRp. 70
Maximum Energy Capturep. 74
Maximum Power Operationp. 75
System-Design Trade-offsp. 76
System Control Requirementsp. 80
Environmental Aspectsp. 82
Potential Catastrophesp. 84
System-Design Trendsp. 86
Referencesp. 86
Electrical Generatorsp. 87
DC Generatorp. 87
Synchronous Generatorp. 89
Induction Generatorp. 89
Doubly Fed Induction Generatorp. 102
Direct-Driven Generatorp. 102
Referencesp. 103
Generator Drivesp. 105
Speed Control Regionsp. 106
Generator Drivesp. 108
Drive Selectionp. 116
Cutout Speed Selectionp. 116
Referencesp. 118
Offshore Wind Farmsp. 119
Offshore Projectsp. 121
Legal Aspects in the U.S.p. 122
Environmental Impactp. 125
Offshore Costsp. 126
Power Transmission to Shorep. 127
Ocean Water Compositionp. 129
Wave Energy and Powerp. 130
Ocean Structure Designp. 133
Corrosionp. 134
Foundationp. 134
Materialsp. 136
Maintenancep. 138
Referencesp. 139
Photovoltaic Power Systems
Photovoltaic Powerp. 143
PV Projectsp. 148
Building-Integrated PV Systemp. 151
PV Cell Technologiesp. 152
Solar Energy Mapsp. 157
Technology Trendsp. 159
Referencep. 161
Photovoltaic Power Systemsp. 163
PV Cellp. 163
Module and Arrayp. 164
Equivalent Electrical Circuitp. 166
Open-Circuit Voltage and Short-Circuit Currentp. 167
I-V and P-V Curvesp. 168
Array Designp. 170
Peak-Power Operationp. 179
System Componentsp. 180
Referencep. 181
System Integration
Energy Storagep. 185
Batteryp. 185
Types of Batteryp. 187
Equivalent Electrical Circuitp. 189
Performance Characteristicsp. 191
More on the Lead-Acid Batteryp. 200
Battery Designp. 203
Battery Chargingp. 204
Charge Regulatorsp. 204
Battery Managementp. 206
Flywheelp. 208
Superconducting Magnetp. 214
Compressed Airp. 217
Technologies Comparedp. 219
Referencesp. 220
Power Electronicsp. 221
Basic Switching Devicesp. 221
AC-DC Rectifierp. 224
DC-AC Inverterp. 225
Cycloconverterp. 227
Grid Interface Controlsp. 228
Battery Charge/Discharge Convertersp. 229
Power Shuntsp. 233
Referencesp. 234
Stand-Alone Systemsp. 235
PV Stand-Alonep. 235
Electric Vehiclep. 236
Wind Stand-Alonep. 238
Hybrid Systemsp. 239
System Sizingp. 249
Wind Farm Sizingp. 254
Referencesp. 255
Grid-Connected Systemsp. 257
Interface Requirementsp. 258
Synchronizing with the Gridp. 261
Operating Limitp. 265
Energy Storage and Load Schedulingp. 268
Utility Resource Planning Toolsp. 269
Wind Farm-Grid Integrationp. 270
Grid Stability Issuesp. 271
Distributed Power Generationp. 273
Referencesp. 274
Electrical Performancep. 277
Voltage Current and Power Relationsp. 277
Component Design for Maximum Efficiencyp. 278
Electrical System Modelp. 280
Static Bus Impedance and Voltage Regulationp. 281
Dynamic Bus Impedance and Ripplesp. 283
Harmonicsp. 284
Quality of Powerp. 285
Renewable Capacity Limitp. 290
Lightning Protectionp. 295
National Electrical Codep. 297
Referencesp. 297
Plant Economyp. 299
Energy Delivery Factorp. 299
Initial Capital Costp. 301
Availability and Maintenancep. 302
Energy Cost Estimatesp. 303
Sensitivity Analysisp. 305
Profitability Indexp. 307
Hybrid Economicsp. 312
Project Financep. 313
Referencesp. 316
The Futurep. 317
World Electricity Demand up to 2015p. 317
Kyoto Treatyp. 318
Future of Wind Powerp. 320
PV Futurep. 326
Wind and PV Growthp. 327
Declining Production Costp. 329
Market Penetrationp. 331
Effect of Utility Restructuringp. 333
Strained Gridsp. 337
Referencesp. 338
Ancillary Power Technologies
Solar Thermal Systemp. 341
Energy Collectionp. 342
Solar-II Power Plantp. 343
Synchronous Generatorp. 345
Commercial Power Plantsp. 352
Recent Trendsp. 353
Referencesp. 354
Ancillary Power Systemsp. 355
Heat-Induced Wind Powerp. 355
Marine Current Powerp. 355
Ocean Wave Powerp. 358
Piezoelectric Generatorp. 360
Jet-Assisted Wind Turbinep. 361
Solar Thermal Microturbinep. 362
Thermophotovoltaic Systemp. 363
Referencesp. 364
Contrarotating Wind Turbinesp. 365
Introductionp. 365
Potential Applicationsp. 366
Mathematical Modelp. 367
Prototype Designp. 371
Prototype Testsp. 377
Wind Farm Power Densityp. 388
Retrofit Implementation and Paybackp. 389
Conclusionsp. 390
Acknowledgmentp. 392
Referencesp. 392
Appendices
National Electrical Code (Article 705)p. 395
Sources of Further Information on Renewable Energyp. 401
Solar Energy Information Sourcesp. 403
Manufacturers of Solar Cells and Modules in the U.S.p. 403
Wind Energy Information Sourcesp. 405
University Wind Energy Programs in the U.S.p. 406
Periodicals on Wind Energyp. 408
International Wind Energy Associationsp. 410
Wind Power System Suppliers in the U.S.p. 412
European Wind Energy Manufacturers and Developersp. 414
Research and Consultancyp. 419
National Associationsp. 422
Acronymsp. 427
Prefixesp. 428
Conversion of Unitsp. 429
Further Readingp. 431
Indexp. 433
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780849315701
ISBN-10: 0849315700
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 472
Published: 15th July 2005
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Inc
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.9  x 3.05
Weight (kg): 0.81
Edition Number: 2
Edition Type: New edition