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Whose Development? : An Ethnography of Aid - Emma Crewe

Whose Development?

An Ethnography of Aid

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This book is an ethnography of development in practice. It builds on recent work in the anthropology of development in its examination of the evolution and persistence of a number of key ideas about gender, technology and race. It explores how these are rooted in both material practices and ideologies, notably the Enlightenment and colonialism, but goes beyond previous studies which have tended to focus mainly on the apparently monolithic power of the developers. The authors argue for a more nuanced account of power through analysis of the relationship between individual agency and structural constraint. Their fascinating study shows how a simple dichotomy between "us," the developers, and "them," the victims of development, misconstrues the nature of the proccesses involved.

'A fine-grained ethnography of aid... showing well the context sensitivity of all participants in development projects and their multiple identities and shifting roles.' Frederique Apffel-Marglin, Smith College, Massachusetts

'This book moves beyond the conventional deconstruction of development and stimulates new, relational ways of thinking about it.' Cecile Jackson, University of East Anglia

'A rich picture of the complexities and power relations involved in foreign aid.' Michael Edwards, NGO Division, World Bank

Prefacep. vii
Abbreviations and Acronymsp. ix
Development Aid: Successes and Failuresp. 1
The failure of fish-farmingp. 2
An ethnography of aidp. 6
Fish-farming and FAOp. 8
Improved stoves and Intermediate Technologyp. 11
The deconstructors of developmentp. 14
Writing the bookp. 19
Summary of the bookp. 22
An Intellectual Heritage of Developmentp. 25
Silent traditionsp. 25
Development as evolutionp. 27
The technology ladderp. 30
Rational Economic Manp. 36
Culture is a barrierp. 43
Conclusionp. 46
The Gender Agendap. 49
An overviewp. 51
Gender mainstreaming: still swimming against the tide?p. 56
A job for the girls?p. 58
Meetings and guidelinesp. 60
The inevitability of it all?p. 63
Partnershipp. 69
The evolution of 'partnership'p. 71
Tales of partnership in practicep. 77
Exposing conflictsp. 87
Technology and Expertisep. 91
Who are the experts?p. 93
The impact of experts: the case for and against stove programmesp. 99
Traditional technology: open fires and improved stovesp. 102
Women cook, men innovate?p. 106
Conclusionp. 109
Money and Motivation: 'My Wife Helps Me with Everything'p. 113
Household motivationp. 117
Why farm fish?p. 119
Why make or use new stoves?p. 125
Conclusionp. 128
Cultural Barriers: the Triumph of Tradition over Modernityp. 132
The reinvention of modernityp. 133
Individuals and communities in Luapula Provincep. 137
Whose culture?p. 146
Conclusionp. 152
Who is in the Driving Seat?p. 155
Local people in the driving seatp. 156
Women working togetherp. 162
Men in women's groupsp. 166
Villages, communities, localsp. 171
The Cohesive Machinep. 176
One of us?p. 182
One of 'them'?p. 185
The gap between promise and practicep. 187
Referencesp. 195
Indexp. 210
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781856496063
ISBN-10: 1856496066
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 224
Published: 1st December 1998
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 21.6 x 14.4  x 1.4
Weight (kg): 0.32
Edition Number: 1