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Who Needs Emotions? : The Brain Meets the Robot - Jean-Marc Fellous

Who Needs Emotions?

The Brain Meets the Robot

By: Jean-Marc Fellous (Editor), Michael A. Arbib (Editor)

Hardcover

Published: 4th March 2005
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The idea that some day robots may have emotions has captured the imagination of many and has been dramatized by robots and androids in such famous movies as 2001: A Space Odyssey's HAL or Star Trek's Lt. Commander Data. By contrast, the editors of this book have assembled a panel of experts in neuroscience and artificial intelligence who have dared to tackle the issue of whether robots can have emotions from a purely scientific point of view. The study of the brain now usefully informs study of the social, communicative, adaptive, regulatory, and experiential aspects of emotion and offers support for the idea that we exploit our own psychological responses in order to feel others' emotions. The contributors show the many ways in which the brain can be analyzed to shed light on emotions. Fear, reward, and punishment provide structuring concepts for a number of investigations. Neurochemistry reveals the ways in which different "neuromodulators" such as serotonin, dopamine and opioids can affect the emotional balance of the brain. And studies of different regions such as the amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex provide a view of the brain as a network of interacting subsystems. Related studies in artificial intelligence and robotics are discussed and new multi-level architectures are proposed that make it possible for emotions to be implanted. It is now an accepted task in robotics to build robots that perceived human expressions of emotion and can "express" simulated emotions to ease interactions with humans. Looking towards future innovations, some scientists posit roles for emotion as a powerful self-motivational tool as well as a way to work effectively in a group. But daunting questions remain as we ask what may be the nature of emotions in future generations of robots that share neither our biological heritage nor our need to share emotions with our fellow humans. All of these issues are covered in this timely and stimulating book which is written for researchers and graduate students in neuroscience, cognitive science, psychology, robotics and artificial intelligence.

"...this book is an important contribution to the emerging field of emotional neurotechnology. It is a stimulating collection that is well edited and researched."--The Lancet-Neurology "Who Needs Emotions? is a cutting-edge research volume that has been meticulously edited by Jean-Marc Fellous and Michael A. Arbib.... this collection of essays is an excellent anthology in terms of cutting-edge research on the brain, and...in matters of artificial intelligence.... I would highly recommend this book because of all the interesting insights into how the brain works with regard to the emotions."--Marion Ledwig, Philosophical Psychology

I PERSPECTIVE 1 "Edison" & "Russel": Definitions Versus Inventions in the Analysis of Emotion: Jean-Marc Fellous and Michael A. Arbib: 2: Ralph Adolphs: Could a Robot have emotions? Theoretical Perspectives from Social Cognitive Neuroscience II BRAINS 3: Ann E. Kelley: Neurchemical Networks Encoding Emotion and Motivation: An Evolutionary Perspective 4: Jean-Marc Fellous and Joseph E. Ledoux: Towards Basic Principles for Emotional Processing: What the Fearful Brain Tells the Robot 5: Edmond T. Rolls: What are Emotions, Why do we Have Emotions, and What is Their Computational Basis in the Brain? 6: Marc Jeannerod: How Do We Decipher Others' Minds? III ROBOTS 7: Anrew Ortony, Donald A. Norman, and William Revelle: Affect and Proto-affect in Effective Functioning 8: Aaron Sloman, Ron Chrisley, and Matthias Scheutz: The Architectural Basis of Affective States and Processes 9: Ronald C. Arkin: Moving Up the Food Chain: Motivation and Emotion in Behavior-based Robots 10: Cynthia Breazeal and Rodney Brooks: Robot Emotions: A Functional Perspective 11: Ranjit Nair, Milind Tambe, and Stacy Marsella: The Role of Emotions in Multiagent Teamwork IV CONCLUSIONS 12: Michael A. Arbib: Beware the Passionate Robot

ISBN: 9780195166194
ISBN-10: 0195166191
Series: Series in Affective Science
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 416
Published: 4th March 2005
Publisher: Oxford University Press Inc
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.2 x 16.3  x 2.5
Weight (kg): 0.73