+612 9045 4394
 
CHECKOUT
$7.95 Delivery per order to Australia and New Zealand
100% Australian owned
Over a hundred thousand in-stock titles ready to ship
When Schools Compete : A Cautionary Tale - Edward B. Fiske

When Schools Compete

A Cautionary Tale

Paperback Published: 1st March 2000
ISBN: 9780815728351
Number Of Pages: 342

Share This Book:

Paperback

RRP $78.99
$66.25
16%
OFF
Ships in 10 to 15 business days

Earn 133 Qantas Points
on this Book

In 1989 New Zealand embarked on what is arguably the most thorough and dramatic transformation of a compulsory state education system ever undertaken by an industrialized country. Under a plan known as Tomorrow's Schools this island nation of 3.8 million people abolished its national Department of Education and turned control of its nearly 2,700 primary and secondary schools over to locally elected boards of trustees.
Virtually overnight, one of the world's most tightly controlled public education systems became one of the most decentralized. Two years later, in 1991, with a new government in power, New Zealand enacted further reforms that introduced full parental choice of schools and encouraged the development of a competitive culture in the state education system. Debate rages in the United States about whether similar reforms would improve the performance of the country's troubled public school system. Judgments about the potential benefits of these ideas, as well as the general relevance of economic models to educational systems, tap into deeply held values, and discussion in the U.S. has been hampered by the lack of practical experience with them. The extended and widespread experiences of New Zealand, whose school system functions much like our own, provide U.S. policy makers with a wide range of appropriate insights and implications to consider as they gauge the merits of bold education reform.
When Schools Compete is the first book to provide detailed quantitative and qualitative analysis of the New Zealand experiment. Combining the perceptive observations of a prominent education journalist and the analytical skills of an academic policy analyst, this book will help supporters and critics of market-based education reforms better anticipate the potential long-term consequences of applying ideas of market competition to the delivery of education.

Industry Reviews

"Edward B. Fiske and... Helen F. Ladd have put together a detailed quantitative and qualitative analysis... (Included as Notable Book of 2000)" --Rebecca Jones, Senior Editor of ASBJ, American School Board Journal, 1/3/2001 "Their book should be this summer's required reading for every education policy maker in the United States." --Dorothy Shipps, Teachers College, Teachers College Record, 4/3/2001 "When Schools Compete: a Cautionary Tale (Brookings Institution Press), by Edward Fiske and Helen Ladd, warns that competition doesn't always produce good results for minorities. New Zealand's 10-year experiment with something like a national system of c" --Gail Russell Chaddock, Christian Science Monitor, 4/3/2001 "Parental choice and competition among schools have led to an increase in ethnic polarisation, and a wider gap between poor and rich schools, according to two American education experts." --New Zealand Press Association, Waikato Times (Hamilton) "[When Schools Compete] is first rate in almost every respect: lucidly written, readily accessible, rigorously argued, systematic in its coverage, empirically well grounded, eminently balanced in its treatment of the relevant issues, and full of fascinatin" --Jonathan Boston, New Zealand Education Review "Fiske, a long-term former education editor at The New York Times, and Ladd, a professor of economics and public policy at Duke University, lay out admirably the reforms in New Zealand." --Madelyn Holmes, Basic Education "PARENTAL choice and competition among schools have led to an increase in ethnic polarisation, and a wider gap between poor and rich schools, according to two American education experts. Former New York Times education editor Edward Fiske and Duke Univ" -- The Dominion (Wellington) "When School's Compete: A Cautionary Tale said polarisation was the most negative result of the reforms, which were introduced in 1989 and gave schools autonomy and parents the right to choose their children's schools." --Alexander Miriyana, The Sunday Star-Times (Auckland) "During their five months in New Zealand in 1998, Ladd and Fiske visited nearly 50 schools, analyzed data from the Ministry of Education and other sources and interviewed teachers, principals, parents, government officials and other policy makers... Du" --Samantha Peterson, The Herald-Sun (Durham, NC) "Those pondering the effect of the growing school-choice movement in America should look at New Zealand, [When Schools Compete] says. That country's experience suggests that opening enrollment to all public schools and providing vouchers for private school" --Jay Matthews, The Washington Post "[Fiske and Ladd] offer a series of yellow lights for Americans and others interested in hot educational issues like school choice and charter schools." --Joe Williams, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel "It is a rare pleasure to find a book that carefully examines the practices of another country with regard to a policy with which we are still experimenting." --Jennifer L. Hochschild, Harvard University, Education Matters, 7/1/2001 "This book is a pleasure to read. It effectively combines textured examples with common-sense empirical analysis to provide a relatively balanced description of the evolution and progress of one country's experience with fundamental educational reform. It is a welcome addition to the heated school choice debate." --C.E. Rouse, Princeton University, Economics of Education Review, no. 21, 2002

Prefacep. xiii
New Zealand's Bold Experiment
Introductionp. 3
Three Strands of Tomorrow's Schoolsp. 6
Impact of the Reformsp. 7
Relevance of New Zealand's Experience to Other Countriesp. 11
Background and Contextp. 14
A Remote Landp. 15
Kiwisp. 17
National Characterp. 18
New Zealand's Approach to Educationp. 19
A Centrally Controlled Systemp. 22
Pressures for Changep. 26
The Curtain Risesp. 33
The Tomorrow's Schools Reformsp. 35
Philosophical Currentsp. 35
Stages of Reformp. 46
Three Strandsp. 60
Effects of the Tomorrow's Schools Reforms
Self-Governing Schoolsp. 67
Shift to Lay Governance of Schoolsp. 69
How Schools Have Used Their New Autonomyp. 73
Classifying Self-Governing Schools by Decilep. 79
Self-Governance and Local Fund-Raisingp. 82
Burdens of Autonomyp. 88
Tensions and Contradictionsp. 96
Decline of Democratic Populismp. 103
Goals and Accountabilityp. 111
National Goals and Objectivesp. 112
Holding Schools Accountablep. 117
Schools as Agents of the State: Assumptionsp. 131
Funding of Schoolsp. 138
How Schools Are Fundedp. 140
Is Public Funding Adequate?p. 148
Is Public Funding Equitable?p. 157
Bulk Funding Controversyp. 161
Schools as Agents of the State: Conclusionsp. 171
Parental Choice and Enrollment Patternsp. 178
Arguments for Parental Choicep. 180
Current Policy on Parental Choicep. 181
Effects of Parental Choice on Enrollment Patternsp. 183
How Parents and Students Make Choicesp. 195
Culture of Competitionp. 210
New Market Environmentp. 212
Bigger Is Betterp. 215
Importance of Enrollment Schemesp. 216
Successful and Unsuccessful Schoolsp. 223
Other Consequences of Choice and Competitionp. 240
Choice and Diversity of Educational Offeringsp. 247
Conclusionsp. 250
Policy Implications of Tomorrow's Schools
Picking Up the Piecesp. 255
Managing Riskp. 257
Schools Improvement Projectp. 260
Managerialismp. 269
Conclusionsp. 273
Lessons for the United States and Other Countriesp. 275
New Zealand Reform Packagep. 280
Policy Lessonsp. 281
Lessons for Charter Schoolsp. 296
Lessons for Voucher Schemesp. 300
Broad Concernsp. 304
Observations about Comprehensive Reformp. 309
Appendixes
Persons Interviewed and Schools Visitedp. 315
Other Researchp. 319
Referencesp. 323
Indexp. 329
Figures
Aggregate Operations Funding per Pupil, 1990-98
Enrollment Changes in Primary and Intermediate Schools, Wellington, by 1995 Decile, 1991-96
Enrollment Changes in Secondary Schools, Wellington, by 1995 Decile, 1991-96
Enrollment Changes in Secondary Schools, Auckland, by 1995 Decile, 1991-96
Enrollment Changes in Secondary Schools, Christchurch, by 1995 Decile, 1991-96
Change in Percent Minority, Primary and Intermediate Schools, Wellington, by 1995 Decile, 1991-96
Changes between 1994 and 1997 in Decile Rankings by Percent Minority, Three Urban Areas, by 1995 Decile
Students in Crown-Owned Primary Schools with Enrollment Schemes, by Urban Area, 1993, 1995, 1997
Students in Crown-Owned Secondary Schools with Enrollment Schemes, by Urban Area, 1993, 1995, 1997
Students in Crown-Owned Secondary Schools with Enrollment Schemes, by Urban Area and Decile Group, 1997
Students in Crown-Owned Secondary Schools with Enrollment Schemes, by Urban Area and Gender Mix, 1997
Tables
Student Enrollments and Growth Rates, by Urban Area
Overview of Changes after Inauguration of Tomorrow's Schools
Chronology of Political Leadership
Characteristics of Urban Schools, by Illustrative Decile, 1997
Locally Generated per Pupil Revenues, Urban Primary Schools, by Illustrative Decile, 1996
Locally Generated per Pupil Revenues, Urban Secondary Schools, by Illustrative Decile, 1996
Inadequate Performance, by Type of School
Loss Rates of Regular Teachers in State Schools, 1992-97
Targeted Funding for Educational Achievement, per Pupil, by School Decile, 1998
Aggregate Spending on Education, 1988-94
Expenditure per Pupil and Relative to Gross Domestic Product per Capita, Selected Countries, 1995
Growth in Local Funding, by Type of Urban School, 1992 and 1996
Per Pupil Funding, Urban Primary Schools, by Illustrative Decile, 1996
Per Pupil Funding, Urban Secondary Schools, by Illustrative Decile, 1996
Enrollment Changes by Ethnic Group, Low-Decile Secondary Schools, by Urban Area, 1991-96
Dissimilarity Indexes (Minority versus Pakeha), Primary and Intermediate Schools and Wards, by Urban Area and Year
Dissimilarity Indexes (Minority versus Pakeha), Secondary Schools and Political Jurisdictions, by Urban Area and Year
Dissimilarity Indexes by Socioeconomic Characteristics of Families, 1991-93
Unconstrained Preferences of Parents for Schools, by Socioeconomic Status
Urban Examination Results, Adjusted for Participation, by Illustrative Decile, 1996
Secondary School Teachers Recognized as among the Best by the New Zealand Qualifications Authority, by School Decile
Successful and Unsuccessful Secondary Schools, by Urban Area, 1997
Student Performance by School Success and Urban Area, 1997
Successful and Unsuccessful Primary and Intermediate Schools, by Urban Area, 1997
Characteristics of Students in Low-Decile Urban Schools, 1997
National Student Suspensions, by School Decile, 1996
National Student Suspensions, Sending and Receiving Schools, by School Decile, 1996
School Certificate Results for Decile 1 Urban Schools, 1992 and 1997
Principals' Views on the Impact of Tomorrow's Schools on Their Schools, 1996
Teachers' Views on the Impact of Tomorrow's Schools on Their Schools, 1996
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780815728351
ISBN-10: 0815728352
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 342
Published: 1st March 2000
Publisher: Brookings Institution
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.48

Earn 133 Qantas Points
on this Book