Law, policy, and practice in the United States has long held that students with disabilities - including those with intellectual disabilities - have the right to a free and appropriate public education, in a non-restrictive environment. Yet very few of these students are fully included in general education classrooms. Educational systems use loopholes to segregate students; universities regularly fail to train teachers to include students; and state regulators fail to provide the necessary leadership and funding to implement policies of inclusion. Whatever Happened to Inclusion? reports on the inclusion of students with intellectual disabilities from national and state perspectives, outlining the abject failure of schools to provide basic educational rights to students with significant disabilities in America. The book then describes the changes that must be made in teacher preparation programs, policy, funding, and local schools to make the inclusion of students with intellectual disabilities a reality.
"A state of the union on inclusion, this book issues a report card for the nation's schools. Phil Smith weaves a compelling story told in numbers about the lack of progress made in including all students, particularly those with intellectual disabilities, in the general education classroom. Contributing authors contextualize this larger story by focusing on the state of inclusion in particular contexts... Smith and his contributors convincingly document small moments of possibility and progress, as well as the incessant backwards pull toward the status quo of segregated special education. Smith shows how the general education classroom remains a sacrosanct space - exclusionary, normative, and unyielding - and the disparate impact such exclusionary policies and practices have on students of color and students with disabilities... Smith concludes this groundbreaking work with a set of guiding practices great and small that we can (and must) do as communities, as teacher educators, as policy makers, and as teachers to finally realize the promise of inclusion." (Beth Ferri, Associate Professor in the School of Education, Syracuse University)
Contents: Phil Smith: Whatever Happened to Inclusion? The Place of Students with Intellectual Disabilities in General Education Classrooms - Phil Smith: Trends for Including Students with Intellectual Disabilities in General Education Classrooms - Phil Smith: Defining Inclusion: What Is It? Who Does It Benefit? - Phil Smith: Barriers to Inclusion: Does Special Education Work? - Valerie Owen/Susan Gabel: Lack of Vision? Lack of Respect? Exclusion in Illinois - Barbara LeRoy/Krim Lacey: The Inclusion of Students with Intellectual Disabilities in Michigan - Emily A. Nusbaum: Fighting Professional Opinions: Stories of Segregation by Three California Families - Kagendo Mutua/Jim Siders: What Is This Inclusion Thing? Who Dumped These Kids on Me? How Am I Supposed to Do This? Tracing the Contours of Inclusion in Alabama - David Connor: Adding Urban Complexities into the Mix: Continued Resistance to the Inclusion of Students with Cognitive Impairments (or New York, New York: So Bad They Segregated It Twice) - Phil Smith: The Story(s) of the States: What Does It All Mean? - Phil Smith: Preparing Educators for Inclusion: What We're Doing Right, What We're Doing Wrong - Phil Smith: Future Directions: Policy, Practice, and Research.
Series: Disability Studies in Education
Number Of Pages: 251
Published: 4th December 2009
Publisher: Peter Lang Publishing Inc
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.0 x 16.0
Weight (kg): 0.32
Edition Type: New edition