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What Is Justice? : Classic and Contemporary Readings - Robert C. Solomon

What Is Justice?

Classic and Contemporary Readings

Paperback Published: 1st January 2000
ISBN: 9780195128109
Number Of Pages: 366

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What is Justice? Classic and Contemporary Readings, 2/e, brings together many of the most prominent and influential writings on the topic of justice, providing an exceptionally comprehensive introduction to the subject. It places special emphasis on "social contract" theories of justice, both ancient and modern, culminating in the monumental work of John Rawls and various responses to his work. It also deals with questions of retributive justice and punishment, topics that are often excluded from other volumes on justice. This new edition features expanded and updated readings on justice and punishment and includes more recent responses to John Rawls's work.
Part One of the book features selections from classical sources including Homer, Plato, Aristotle, Aquinas, and Mencius, as well as excerpts from the Bible and the Koran. Part Two provides readings on the state of nature and the social contract, from Hobbes and Locke to Rawls, Nozick, Gauthier, and Baier. Part Three includes the Declaration of Independence and Amendments to the U.S. Constitution in addition to selections on property and social justice by Locke, Hume, Adam Smith, Engels, Marx, Mill, and several contemporary authors. Part Four offers a wide variety of readings on punishment, several of which address the death penalty. Part Five begins with selections from Rawls's work and includes responses from Dworkin, Nagel, Nozick, MacIntyre, Sandel, Walzer, Okin, and Rawls himself. Each selection is preceded by a brief introduction and each of the five parts opens with an introduction. The volume is further enhanced by a general introduction and an updated and extensive bibliography.
Ideal for a wide variety of courses including social and political philosophy, ethics, philosophy of law, and contemporary moral problems, What Is Justice?, 2/e, does not assume any philosophical or specialized background. It is also engaging reading for anyone interested in justice.

"A great reader for my graduate pre-seminar in criminal justice policy; it is the best on justice theory and applications to criminal justice at a graduate level."--Bradley S. Chilton, University of North Texas "An excellent collection. In particular, it has a well thought out structure and especially nice articles on justice and punishment and on distributive justice."--Stephen Kershnar, State University of New York-Fredonia

Introduction Part One: Classical Sources Homer, from the Iliad "Justice, Equality, Desert," from the Bible Plato from the Republic Aristotle, from the Nicomachean Ethics "Justice, Retribution, and Mercy," from the Koran Aquinas, from Summa Theologica Mencius, from On the Mind Part Two: Justice and the Social Contract Hobbes, from Leviathan Locke, from Second Treatise on Government Rousseau, from A Discourse on Inequality and The Social Contract Hegel, from Phenomenology of Spirit Rawls, from A Theory of Justice Nozick, from Anarchy, State, and Utopia Gauthier, from "The Social Contract as Ideology" Baier, from "Trust and Antitrust" Part Three: Justice and Society The Declaration of Independence and Amendments to the Constitution of the United States of America Locke, from Second Treatise on Government Hume, from An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Justice and A Treatise of Human Nature Adam Smith, from A Theory of Moral Sentiments and The Wealth of Nations Kant, from Philosophy of Law Hegel, from Philosophy of Right Mill, from Utilitarianism Engels, from Anti-Duhring, and Marx, from A Critique of the Gotha Programme von Hayek, from The Mirage of Social Justice Bernard Williams, from "The Idean of Equality David Miller, from Social Justice Part Four: Justice and Punishment Pietro Marongiu and Graeme Newman, from Vengeance Nozick, from Philosophical Explanations Bentham, from Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation Kant, from Philosophy of Law Hegel, from Philosophy of Right Nietzsche, from On the Genealogy of Morals Rawls, from "Two Concepts of Rules" Michael Moore, from "The Moral Worth of Retribution" Jean Hampton, from "The Moral Education Theory of Punishment" Robert Solomon, from A Passion for Justice United States Supreme Court, Gregg v. Georgia Hugo Bedau, from "Capital Punishment and Retributive Justice" Ernst van den Haag, from "Deterrence and the Death Penalty" Camus, from "Reflections on the Guillotine" Part Five: The Contemporary Debate on Distributive Justice Rawls, from A Theory of Justice Dworkin, from "The Original Position" Thomas Nagel, from "Rawls on Justice" Nozick, from Anarchy, State and Utopia MacIntyre, from After Virtue Michael Sandel, from Liberalism and the Limits of Justice Michael Walzer, from Spheres of Justice Susan Moller Okin, from Justice, Gender and the Family Rawls, from "Justice as Fairness: Political not Metaphysical" Bibliography

ISBN: 9780195128109
ISBN-10: 0195128109
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 366
Published: 1st January 2000
Publisher: Oxford University Press Inc
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.13 x 17.15  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.38
Edition Number: 2
Edition Type: Revised