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Western Influences on Japanese Art : The Akita Ranga Art School and Foreign Books - Hiroko Johnson

Western Influences on Japanese Art

The Akita Ranga Art School and Foreign Books

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The Akita Ranga art school is a by-product of rangaku, 'Dutch learning', an important intellectual movement in eighteenth-century Japan. Akita ranga artists, highly influenced by illustrations in Western books, created a new direction in Japanese art by using Western techniques such as chiaroscuro (shading) and perspective. Odano Naotake (1750-80), a leading Akita ranga artist, illustrated Kaitai shinsho, Japan's first anatomy book. Dr. Johnson first analyses how Naotake applied new techniques to traditional Japanese art and created a quasi-Western style of painting. Secondly, she focuses on Lord Satake Shozan (1748-85), who wrote Japan's first art theory and criticism on Western art and whose complete text is translated and incorporated in this book. Shozan also based his three sketchbooks on foreign books, especially the Schouwtoneel der Natuur by Noel A. Pluche, and wrote an encyclopaedia of scientific lore. By focusing on the influence of illustrations in foreign books, Johnson brings a new perspective to Japanese art history.

Acknowledgmentsp. 8
Introductionp. 9
Notesp. 15
Influence of Portugal and the Netherlandsp. 17
The First Phase of Western Style Paintingp. 17
Introduction of Christianity to Japanp. 17
Nanban-e' (Nanban Painting)p. 19
Artists of the First Phasep. 20
Arrival of the Dutch and the British and the Suppression of Catholicismp. 21
Missionaries in Japanp. 21
The Second Phase of Western Style Paintingp. 23
The Dutch on Dejimap. 23
Tojin yashiki (Mansions for the Chinese)p. 25
Honzogaku (Study of Herbal Medicine)p. 26
Interpretersp. 28
Dutch learning (Rangaku)p. 29
Hiraga Gennai and his Involvement with Akita Rangap. 30
Brief History of Hiraga Gennaip. 32
Notesp. 37
Japan's First Translated Anatomy Book and Akita Rangap. 43
Introduction of Western Medicinep. 43
History of Medicinep. 43
The First Autopsyp. 44
Sugita Genpaku's First Autopsyp. 45
Translation of Ontleedkundige Tafelenp. 46
Kaitai shinsho (New Book of Anatomy)p. 48
Illustrations for the Kaitai shinshop. 50
Techniquesp. 51
Compositional Rearrangementsp. 51
Concept of Nudityp. 56
Bidloo's Illustrationsp. 57
Notesp. 60
Three Elements, Signatures and Sealsp. 63
Odano Naotakep. 63
Naotake's pre-1774 workp. 63
Three Compositional Elements in Naotake's work after 1774p. 65
Horizon Linep. 65
Reflections on Waterp. 66
Emphasis on the Foreground: Placement of a Large Object in the Foreground (Repoussoir)p. 71
Naotake's New Techniquesp. 71
Satake Shozanp. 73
Shozan's Dutch Sealsp. 74
Naotake's Influence on Shozan's Artp. 76
Satake Yoshimip. 79
Naotake's Influence on Yoshimi's Artp. 80
Evolution in Naotake's Formulation of the Three Elementsp. 80
Comparison of Signatures and Sealsp. 87
Odano Naotakep. 88
Naotake's Art in Relation to his Signatures and Sealsp. 89
Satake Shozanp. 90
Shozan's Art in Relation to his Signatures and Sealsp. 91
Satake Yoshimip. 91
Yoshimi's Art in Relation to his Signatures and Sealsp. 92
Summaryp. 92
Notesp. 94
Shozan's Sketchbooks and the Schouwtoneel der Natuurp. 97
Foreign Books in Japanp. 97
Gennai and his Collection of Foreign Booksp. 97
Bussan shomoku (List of Books)p. 99
Shozan and the Schouwtoneel der Natuurp. 101
Contents of the Schouwtoneel der Natuurp. 101
Contents of Shozan's Sketchbooks and Comparison with the Schouwtoneel der Natuurp. 103
p. 105
p. 111
p. 114
Comparison with Honzo komoku, Butsurui hinshitsu and So Shiseki gafup. 124
Comparison with Naotake's Sketchbooksp. 124
Conclusionp. 125
Notesp. 126
Akita Ranga and New Trendsp. 129
"Cultural Middle Class"p. 129
Thematic Influencesp. 131
Stones and Rocksp. 131
Shen Nanpin and his Influencep. 131
So Shiseki's Influence on Akita Ranga Artistsp. 132
Potted Flowers and Flower Arrangementsp. 133
European Influencesp. 139
European Booksp. 139
Megane-e or Perspective Viewsp. 143
Landscape Paintingp. 146
Notesp. 149
Conclusionp. 153
Appendixp. 157
Gaho koryo (Summary of the Laws of Painting)p. 157
Gazu rikai (Understanding Painting)p. 160
Tansei bu (Colours)p. 161
Notesp. 164
Bibliographyp. 165
Primary Sourcesp. 165
Secondary Sourcesp. 165
Journals and Magazinesp. 171
Indexp. 173
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9789074822640
ISBN-10: 9074822649
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 176
Published: 1st January 2005
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 27.53 x 19.91  x 1.98
Weight (kg): 0.93