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War and Gender : How Gender Shapes the War System and Vice Versa - Joshua S. Goldstein

War and Gender

How Gender Shapes the War System and Vice Versa

Hardcover Published: 27th September 2001
ISBN: 9780521807166
Number Of Pages: 540

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Gender roles are nowhere more prominent than in war. Yet contentious debates, and the scattering of scholarship across academic disciplines, have obscured understanding of how gender affects war and vice versa. In this authoritative and lively review of our state of knowledge, Joshua Goldstein assesses the possible explanations for the near-total exclusion of women from combat forces, through history and cross cultures. topics covered include the history of women who did fight and fought well, the complex role of testosterone in men's social behaviors, and the construction of masculinity and femininity in the shadow of war. Goldstein concludes that killing in war does not come naturally for either gender, and that gender norms often shape men, women, and children to the needs of the war system. Illustrated with photographs, drawings, and graphics, and drawing from scholarship spanning six academic disciplines, War and Gender translates and synthesizes our latest understanding of gender roles in war. Joshua Goldstein Professor of International Relations at the American University. He is the author of Three Way Street (University of Chicago Press, 1990), a best-selling textbook, International Relations 4/e (addison Wesley, 2001), and many articles on international relations. The National Science Foundation has funded some of his recent research. In addition, he is the recipient of a MacArthur Foundation grant, and awards from the International Studies Association and the American Jewish Congress. He has appeared frequently in national and international print and broadcast media.

'War and Gender is a fascinating book about an important issue. I thoroughly recommend it to everyone who has an interest in why we humans behave the way we do.' Jane Goodall, Primatologist, The Jane Goodall Institute 'I've been citing some of the findings in this book since the moment I read it in typescript. A must-read for anyone interested in gender and militarism.' Jane Mansbridge, Harvard University 'What a marvelous book! Readers will be captured by Goldstein's clear, trenchant writing style, remarkable interdisciplinary breadth, and the wealth of fascinating new details and ideas on every page. Some of his conclusions will undoubtedly be controversial. So much the better. This is definitely a 'must read' book.' Eleanor Maccoby, Stanford University 'Joshua Goldstein's book redefines what we think of both 'war' and 'gender'. It is simply the most disturbing account of the link between sex and violence yet written. Finally, we have a truly multi-disciplinary study of the subject. Distressing, and convincing.' Joanna Bourke, University of London '... he has produced a remarkable compendium of information and analysis that moves toward a vital, ongoing cultural discussion.' Publishers Weekly ' ... this ambitious work brings together much of the current understanding of history, biology, psychology, and anthropology, as it relates to war and gender.' National Journal 'War and Gender provides a consistently intelligent and fascinating discussion of a vitally important and usually ignored topic ... I learned a great deal from War and Gender, as will anyone else who reads it. this is a book that deserves a wide audience.' Acta Politica '... this book is a decisive contribution to the history of war and the military.' The Independent 'What a marvelous book! Readers will be captured by Goldstein's clear, trenchant writing style, remarkable interdisciplinary breadth, and the wealth of fascinating new details and ideas on every page. Some of his conclusions will undoubtedly be controversial. So much the better. This is definitely a 'must read' book.' Eleanor Maccoby, Stanford University 'Joshua Goldstein's book redefines what we think of both 'war' and 'gender'. It is simply the most disturbing account of the link between sex and violence yet written. Finally, we have a truly multi-disciplinary study of the subject. Distressing, and convincing.' Joanna Bourke, University of London '... it is the amount of evidence from so many different fields of science and research that make this volume unique.' Inger Skjelsbaek, International Peace Research Institute, Oslo '... thoughtful and wide-ranging study.' History 'War and Gender provides a consistently intelligent and fascinating discussion of a vitally important and usually ignored topic ... I learned a great deal from War and Gender, as will anyone else who reads it. this is a book that deserves a wide audience.' Acta Politica '... he combines empirical evidence across a broad range of disciplines in testing a clearly defined set of hypotheses ... this book does groundbreaking work in 'sending some cherished myths down in flames' (to use the author's own words). The implications for feminist theory and the gender analysis of conflicts and the public policy environments are undeniable and revolutionary ... Goldstein proves that a central threat links many disciplines and that the potential for change based on complete understanding often lies at the intersections ... War and Gender is a milestone and a challenge for feminism and militarism alike. A worthy read if you have a sincere interest in the topic, and a handy reference work for any scholar across a range of disciplines.' Politeia 'War and Gender is a going to be an important book, one to be read thoughtfully.' War in History

List of figuresp. ix
List of tablesp. xii
Prefacep. xiii
A puzzle: the cross-cultural consistency of gender roles in warp. 1
Introductionp. 1
The universal gendering of warp. 10
The universal potential for warp. 22
Feminist theories of war and peacep. 34
Conclusionp. 57
Women warriors: the historical record of female combatantsp. 59
Introductionp. 59
Female combat unitsp. 60
Mixed-gender unitsp. 77
Individual women fightersp. 106
Women military leadersp. 116
Conclusionp. 127
Bodies: the biology of individual genderp. 128
Introductionp. 128
Geneticsp. 139
Testosterone levelsp. 143
Size and strengthp. 159
Brains and cognitionp. 169
Female sex hormonesp. 179
Conclusionp. 182
Groups: bonding, hierarchy, and social identityp. 183
Introductionp. 183
Male bondingp. 194
Ability to work in hierarchiesp. 203
In-group/out-group psychologyp. 217
Childhood gender segregationp. 228
Conclusionp. 249
Heroes: the making of militarized masculinityp. 251
Introductionp. 251
Test of manhood as a motivation to fightp. 252
Feminine reinforcement of soliders' masculinityp. 301
Women's peace activismp. 322
Conclusionp. 331
Conquests: sex, rape, and exploitation in wartimep. 332
Introductionp. 332
Male sexuality as a cause of aggressionp. 333
Feminization of enemies as symbolic dominationp. 356
Dependence on exploiting women's laborp. 380
Conclusionp. 402
Reflections: the mutuality of gender and warp. 403
Referencesp. 415
Indexp. 481
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521807166
ISBN-10: 0521807166
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 540
Published: 27th September 2001
Publisher: CAMBRIDGE UNIV PR
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 16.13  x 3.81
Weight (kg): 0.99