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Viscosimetry of Polymers and Polyelectrolytes : Springer Laboratory - W. M. Kulicke

Viscosimetry of Polymers and Polyelectrolytes

Springer Laboratory

Hardcover

Published: 9th February 2004
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Viscometry is an easy, accessible, but at the same time significant, analytical method for the characterization of polymers in solution. This laboratory handbook offers clear guidelines and tips for the practical everyday application of viscosimetry, as well as supplying a comprehensive companion for the interpretation of viscosimetric data from simple to complex polymer solutions. It is written with the premise that general knowledge of the broad behavioral spectrum of polymer solutions is of utmost importance for the correct handling of viscometric equipment and the interpretation of data. Originating from the author's experience supervising analytical polymer chemistry lab courses, it shows readers how to tackle many practical examples through detailed examples.

From the reviews:

" The data provided from primary sources throughout the text is presented clearly in the form of numerous figures and tables. The data is extensive without being overwhelming and, in most cases, it is highly illustrative of the principles or techniques being described. References to primary sources are adequate."...."A copy of this book is highly recommended for any group or scientist routinely involved in polymer molecular weight analysis and recommended for the library of any institution teaching (or training) in polymer analytical techniques."
S.J. Holder
Journal : Polymer International Society of Chemical Industry, Vol. 54, p. 615-616

"The little booklet ... addresses in a short but comprehensive way the principles and measurement techniques behind polymer viscosimetry, in particular the intrinsic viscosity of dilute polymers and polyelectrolytes. ... The focus of `Viscosimetry of Polymers and Polyelectrolytes' goes beyond an extended introduction by addressing experimental requirements and a comprehensive interpretation. ... The book can be recommended to scientists, technicians, or anyone working with polymer solutions, polyelectrolytes, and biopolymers such as hydrocolloids and proteins." (Applied Rheology, Vol. 15 (3), 2005)

"This book describes the theory and application of viscosimetry to the field of molecular weight and shape analysis and should occupy a well deserved niche in the polymer analysis textbook field. ... The data provided from primary sources throughout the text is presented clearly in the form of numerous figures and tables. The data is extensive without being overwhelming ... . References to primary sources are adequate. ... A copy of this book is highly recommended ... . A little gem in many ways." (SJ Holder, Polymer International Society of Chemical Industry, Vol. 54, 2005)

"This laboratory hand-book offers clear guidelines and tips for the practical, everyday applications of viscosimetry as well as being a comprehensive volume for the interpretation of viscosimetric data on a range of polymer solutions, form the very simple to complex." (LabPlus International, Vol. 16 (6), November, 2004)

"The laboratory handbook `Viscosimetry of Polymers and Polyelectrolytes' ... offers guidelines and tips for the practical everyday application of viscosimetry, as well as supplying a comprehensive companion for the interpretation of viscosimetric data from simple to complex polymer solutions." (Der Plastverarbeiter - online, 25. August, 2004)

"Viscosimetry is an important and widely used method for the analysis of liquids and solutions. Although the basic design of viscosimeters has not changed much in the last 50 years, there are important differences in the way results are treated. Instead of manual readings, they are now attached to ever more sophisticated computer systems, allowing complex control of experiments and an instant, detailed examination of the results.....Given the importance of the flow behaviour of liquids to a wide range of manufacturing industries, viscosimetric analysis is a valuable tool for quality control, as well as both academic and industrial research.....It would make an excellent primer for those who need to acquire a good understanding of the subject rapidity, as well as a useful resource for quick checks of data, methods and references."

(Materials World, August 2006, Christopher Joseph A/MMM)

Introduction and Objectivep. 1
Basic Conceptsp. 5
Viscosityp. 5
Molar Massp. 9
Execution of Viscosity Measurementsp. 13
Introductionp. 13
Types of Viscosimetersp. 13
Capillary Viscosimeterp. 14
Flow Cupsp. 17
Rotational Viscosimeterp. 19
Coaxial Cylinderp. 20
Cone and Plate Systemsp. 21
Parallel Discsp. 22
Mooney/Ewart Systemp. 23
Double Gap Systemsp. 24
Zimm-Crothers Viscosimeterp. 24
Brookfield Viscosimeterp. 25
Falling Sphere Viscosimetersp. 26
The Free Falling Spherep. 26
The Hoppler Viscosimeterp. 27
The Viscobalancep. 28
Experimental Proceedings for a Viscosimetric Measurementp. 28
Sample Preparationp. 28
Cleaning of a Viscosimeterp. 30
Execution of the Experiment and Test Evaluationp. 32
Viscosimetric Measurements of Surface-Active Samplesp. 34
Aging and Criteria of Stabilityp. 35
Storage Stability and Quality Managementp. 37
Single Point Measurementsp. 38
The Intrinsic Viscosityp. 41
The Dilute Solutionp. 41
The Ideal Viscosity Correlation by Einsteinp. 41
Determination of the Intrinsic Viscosity by Viscosimetric Measurementsp. 43
Parameters Affecting the Intrinsic Viscosityp. 49
Concentration and Molar Massp. 49
Solventp. 50
Temperaturep. 53
Shear Ratep. 55
Branchingp. 57
Chemical Structurep. 59
Polyelectrolytesp. 61
Viscosimetric Determination of the Molar Massp. 69
The [eta]-M-Relationshipp. 69
The Experimental Determination of the [eta]-M-Relationshipp. 69
Ultrasonic Degradation of Native Samplesp. 72
Principles of the Ultrasonic Degradationp. 73
Conducting an Ultrasonic Degradationp. 74
The Influence of the Solvent Quality on the [eta]-M-Relationshipp. 76
Influence of the Solution Structure on the [eta]-M-Relationshipp. 77
The Influence of the Tacticity of a Polymerp. 84
The Influence of the Molar Mass on the [eta]-M-Relationshipp. 85
Tabulated [eta]-M-Relationshipsp. 87
Determination of the Polymer Coil Dimensions From the Intrinsic Viscosityp. 91
Introductionp. 91
The Dimension of a Single Polymer Coilp. 91
The Critical Concentration from the Intrinsic Viscosityp. 92
The Critical Concentration from Absolute Polymer Coil Radiip. 93
A Deeper Insight into Viscosimetryp. 95
The Viscosity of Mixtures of Solventsp. 95
The Influence of the Molar Mass Distributionp. 98
The Viscosity Average of the Molar Massp. 98
Heterogeneity Classes and the Influence of the Polydispersity on the [eta]-M-Relationshipp. 98
Dimensions of a Real Polymer Coilp. 100
The End-to-End Distancep. 100
The Characteristic Ratio and the Steric Hindrance Parameterp. 101
The Persistence Lengthp. 102
The Radius of Gyrationp. 103
R[subscript G]-M-Relationshipp. 104
The Critical Concentration of a Real Coilp. 105
The Fox-Flory Theoryp. 108
List of Referencesp. 111
Subject Indexp. 117
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9783540407607
ISBN-10: 354040760X
Series: Springer Laboratory
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 120
Published: 9th February 2004
Publisher: Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg Gmbh & Co. Kg
Country of Publication: DE
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 0.64
Weight (kg): 0.84