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Violent Peace : Militarized Interstate Bargaining in Latin America - David R. Mares

Violent Peace

Militarized Interstate Bargaining in Latin America

Paperback Published: 7th March 2001
ISBN: 9780231111874
Number Of Pages: 398
For Ages: 22+ years old

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When is military force an acceptable tool of foreign policy? Why do democracies use force against each other? David R. Mares argues that the key factors influencing political leaders in all types of polities are the costs to their constituencies of using force and whether the leader can survive their displeasure if the costs exceed what they are willing to pay. Violent Peace proposes a conceptual scheme for analyzing militarized conflict and supports this framework with evidence from the history of Latin America. His model has greater explanatory power when applied to this conflict-ridden region than a model emphasizing U.S. power, levels of democracy, or the balance of power.

Mares takes conflict as a given in international relations but does not believe that large-scale violence must inevitably result, arguing that it is the management of conflict, and not necessarily its resolution, that should be the focus of students, scholars, and practitioners of international relations. Mares argues that deterrence represents the key to conflict management by directly affecting the costs of using force. Conflicts escalate to violence when leaders ignore the requisites for credible and ongoing deterrence. Successful deterrence, he suggests, lies in a strategy that combines diplomatic and military incentives, allowing competition among heterogenous states to be managed in a way that minimizes conflict and maximizes cooperation.

A brilliant synthesis of theory and historical case studies that characterized the ' violent peace of Latin America, this book advances the study of inter-American security to a new level of sophistication. It should be required reading among senior diplomatic and military officials and university courses on inter-American relations.

Preface Interstate Competition in a Heterogeneous World: The Importance of Understanding Violent Peacep. ix
The Issue
The Origins of Violent Peace: Explaining the Use of Force in Foreign Policyp. 3
Latin America's Violent Peacep. 28
Analyzing Latin America's Violent Peace
The Myth of Hegemonic Managementp. 55
Democracy, Restrained Leadership and the Use of Military Forcep. 84
The Distribution of Power and Military Conflictp. 109
Military Leadership and the Use of Force: Illustrations from the Beagle Channel Disputep. 132
Democracies and the Use of Force: Suggestions from the Ecuador-Peru Disputep. 160
Conclusion
Militarized Bargaining in Latin America: Prospects for Diminishing Its Usep. 193
Appendixp. 210
Notesp. 213
Bibliographyp. 263
Indexp. 287
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780231111874
ISBN-10: 0231111878
Series: International Relations Ser.
Audience: Professional
For Ages: 22+ years old
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 398
Published: 7th March 2001
Publisher: COLUMBIA UNIV PR
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.91 x 15.19  x 1.7
Weight (kg): 0.43