The Franco-German armistice, signed in June 1940 following the German invasion of France, called on the Vichy government to surrender on demand all refugees considered enemies of the Third Reich. Suddenly, thousands of artists, scientists and other intellectuals feared for their lives. The Emergency Rescue Committee, based in New York, compiled a list of two hundred people it considered the most endangered, including artists and writers Andre Breton, Max Ernst and Benjamin Peret. The committee sent Varian Fry to set up its headquarters in Marseilles, with the aim of helping these artists to escape. A number of them were sheltered at the Villa Air-Bel.
Amidst the chaos and terror of wartime France, the villa became an oasis of calm, and a centre of creativity. Rosemary Sullivan explores the diaries, memoirs and letters of the individuals involved as she uncovers their private worlds and the web of relationships they developed. Central to her task is to understand what it must feel like to move from freedom to occupation: to feel threatened, administered, restrained. Villa Air-Bel
brilliantly dramatizes the slow, relentless process by which ordinary lives were turned into lives lived in terror. In the end every artist in the house, as well as two thousand others, found asylum outside of France through the courageous intervention of Fry and his committee.
Rosemary Sullivan knows that you can understand nothing about a place without listening to individual people and their stories - Margaret Atwood
Rosemary Sullivan s Villa Air-Bel is a marvellous addition to the surging literature on occupied France. Sullivan writes . . . as a dramatist. Her scene-by-scene evocation of life at the house reads like an updated Chekhov comedy laced with horror - Jackie Wullschlager, Financial Times
Sullivan brilliantly interweaves personal histories with terrifying tales about flight over mountains to Spain or Switzerland and by sea to Casablanca and Martinique, and with stories of forging papers, bribery, love and betrayal - Sarah Curtis, The Sunday Times
Part history, part adventure story the product of much devoted research and wide reading. Interesting, important, and her telling gripping. Sullivan s book is full of interest, of good stories, of nice character sketches. She handles the huge cast she has assembled deftly, and her enthusiasm is obvious - Allan Massie, Literary Review
This is a magnificent, complex narrative of courage, folly and complacency. Jane Stevenson, Daily Telegraph, who, as the subtitle read, was captivated by the story of a Harvard classical scholar who rescued Europe s intellectuals from the Nazis - Jane Stevenson, Daily Telegraph
'With tremendous suspense and emotional pull, Sullivan recou