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Vikings of the Irish Sea : HISTORY PRESS - DAVID GRIFFITHS

Vikings of the Irish Sea

HISTORY PRESS

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Vikings began raiding islands and monasteries on the Atlantic fringes of Europe in the 790s. The Irish Sea rapidly became one of their most productive hunting-grounds. Attacks, battles and destruction were accompanied by trade - in slaves, silver and fine objects. Vikings crossed and re-crossed the Irish Sea in search of land, wealth and power. Raids were followed by settlement, firstly in fortified camps, and later in towns, market enclaves and rural estates. Vikings came into contact with existing populations in Ireland, Britain and the Isle of Man. Viking paganism, demonstrated by spectacular burials, was gradually eclipsed by Christianity. By 1050, the process of assimilation was well under way, yet Viking influence and distinctiveness did not altogether disappear. This book takes the sea as its starting point, and looks afresh at the story of a supremely opportunistic people who left their mark in ways which still resonate today.

List of Illustrationsp. 7
Prefacep. 11
Introductionp. 13
Vikingsp. 13
The Irish Seap. 16
'The Irish Sea Province'p. 18
The Irish Sea in the pre-Viking periodp. 19
Sources of evidence for the Viking periodp. 20
Raids and Early Settlement in Irelandp. 25
Longphort and dún: the Viking base on landp. 30
'Dark' and 'fair' foreigners, and the 'Gallgoídil'p. 36
Exporting Violence and Seeking Landfall c. 850-c. 1050p. 38
Weakness and opportunity: Galloway and Cumbriap. 39
From Dublin to Brunanburhp. 41
The later tenth and early eleventh centuriesp. 45
Land-take and Landscapep. 48
Estates and landholdingp. 52
Territory, boundaries and defencep. 60
Meetings and 'things'p. 62
Rural settlement archaeologyp. 66
Burial: Changing Rites, New Placesp. 72
Irelandp. 74
The Isle of Manp. 80
From the Solway Firth to Walesp. 89
Viking-period finds and burial in churchyardsp. 96
Trade, Silver and Market Sitesp. 100
Hoards and currencyp. 103
Single finds and market sitesp. 109
Towns and Urbanisationp. 119
Tenth- and eleventh-century Dublinp. 120
Anglo-Saxon urbanisation and tenth-century Chesterp. 129
Trade in the Bristol Channel, and the later Hiberno-Norse townsp. 135
Assimilation and Cultural Changep. 140
Burial and commemorationp. 141
Religious conversion and Viking motifsp. 143
An Irish Sea metalwork tradition?p. 150
Architecture: urban and ruralp. 153
Language and inscriptionsp. 153
Hybridity and acculturation - the process of cultural changep. 155
Conclusionp. 157
List of Abbreviationsp. 161
Notesp. 162
Bibliographyp. 172
Indexp. 185
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780752436463
ISBN-10: 0752436465
Series: HISTORY PRESS
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 192
Published: 1st April 2010
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 25.0 x 17.0  x 1.0
Weight (kg): 0.48