As unions face an ongoing crisis all over the industrialized world, they have often been portrayed as outmoded remnants of an old economic structure. This book argues that despite structural shifts in the economy and in politics, unions retain important functions for capitalist economies as well as for political democracy. Union revitalization in the face of their current difficulties is therefore of fundamental importance.
The book charts the strategies unions use to respond to global union decline and to revive their fortunes in five countries - US, UK, Germany, Italy and Spain - providing a wide range of institutional settings, union structures, identities and union responses. It provides a rich source of documentation about union activity, but more importantly it goes beyond description to address two of the big questions in comparative research: How can we explain cross-country differences of union responses to global decline? And how effective are these actions in helping to revitalize the labor movements?
Union strategies and union revitalization outcomes varied strongly across countries and were shaped by national industrial relations institutions, as well as by the interactions between union, employer and state strategies. These findings support the argument for national divergence of the varieties of capitalism literature and challenge the globalization thesis, which predicts a degree of convergence in the fate of union movements across the advanced capitalist world. There is no single revitalization strategy that works well for all union movements; the same strategy is likely to produce different results in different countries. Moreover, evidence for variation in revitalization outcomes emerges most clearly when we adopt a multi-dimensional conceptualization of revitalization, moving beyond union membership and density to embrace economic and political power as well as the institutional dimension of union reform. Despite serious revitalization attempts in all countries the scale of revitalization is extremely modest when compared to the great upsurges of unionism in history.
Varieties of Unionism presents important research and analysis of union strategy for academics and graduate students of industrial relations, management, politics, political economy, and sociology
`This important book offers a refreshing comparative perspective on the process of union revitalization, analyzing labor movement efforts to reverse the decline in union density and influence in five advanced capitalist countries. Although duly attentive to the particularities and limits of each national context as well as to the global constraints on unionism in this neoliberal age, the authors nonetheless emphasize the range of strategic choices open to
labor movements and the reasons for their varied approaches and levels of success.'
Ruth Milkman, Director, UCLA Institute of Industrial Relations
1: Lowell Turner: Why Revitalize? Labour's Urgent Mission in a Contested Global Economy
2: Martin Behrens, Kerstin Hamann, and Richard Hurd: Conceptualizing Labour Union Revitalization
3: Carola Frege and John Kelly: Union Strategies in Comparative Context
4: Edmund Heery and Lee Adler: Organizing the Unorganized
5: Michael Fichter and Ian Greer: Analyzing Social Partnership: A Tool of Union Revitalization?
6: Kerstin Hamann and John Kelly: Unions as Political Actors: A Recipe for Revitalization?
7: Martin Behrens, Richard Hurd, and Jeremy Waddington: Can Structural Change be a Source of Union Revitalization?
8: Carola Frege, Edmund Heery, and Lowell Turner: The New Solidarity? Trade Unions and Coalition Building in Five Countries
9: Nathan Lillie and Miguel Martinez Lucio: International Trade Union Revitalization: The Role of National Approaches
10: John Kelly and Carola Frege: Conclusions: Varieties of Unionsim
Number Of Pages: 232
Published: 1st November 2004
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.7 x 15.8
Weight (kg): 0.49