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Use of Agricultural Important Genes in Biotechnology : NATO Science Series A: Life Sciences - G. Hrazdina

Use of Agricultural Important Genes in Biotechnology

NATO Science Series A: Life Sciences

By: G. Hrazdina (Editor)

Hardcover

Published: 1st January 2000
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During the 45 years of communist regimes in Hungary, Poland and Slovakia, agriculture was centrally directed without regard of quality factors and market needs, and was heavily subsidized. Democratization of the countries and adoption of market driven economies, including agriculture, created conditions that require new thinking and approaches to find market areas that will fill the needs of each country, and provide produce that is not redundant for the Common Market. The aim of this book is to facilitate solving common agricultural problems using the tools of biotechnology. The book addresses five themes: Plant Transformations, Plant Genomics, Breeding Plants for Resistance and Legal Aspects of Biotechnology, including risk assessment. Some specific topics dealt with are: The way from fundamental research to start-up company, Crop improvement by transgenic technology; Strategies for improving resistance; Current procedures for applying risk assessment in genetically modified crops; Questions arising from the implementation of the Hungarian gene technology law; Public perception and legislation of Biotechnology in Poland.

Introduction
Acknowledgements
Gene Technology in the Hungarian Plant Biology Research and Crop Improvementp. 1
Improvement of Tolerance against Dehydration Stress in Cerealsp. 7
Transgenic Potato Plants Carrying Truncated cDNA Copy of a Severe Strain of PSTVdp. 14
Modification of Sulfur Metabolism in Plants by Overexpression of Bacterial cysE and cysK Genesp. 19
Down Regulation of Ethylene Production in Applesp. 26
Elements of Biotechnology Applied to Potato Breeding at IHAR Mlochowp. 26
Mapping of the Wheat Genome for Genetic Diversityp. 37
Linkage Studies in Pisum and Lupinus Genomesp. 45
Use of Molecular Markers in Wheat Breeding for Disease Resistancep. 52
Identification of Molecular Markers Linked to Gene Resistance and Marker Assisted Introduction in Barley and Wheatp. 58
Identification and Mapping of Molecular Markers for Scab Resistance Genes in Applep. 61
Construction of an Improved Linkage Map of Diploid Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) and Mapping Symbiotic Genes Conditioning Ineffective and Non-nodulating Phenotypep. 66
Application of Chromosomal Map and Gene Probes of Arabidopsis in Studies on Brassica Genomesp. 70
Micromanipulation of Gametic Cells of Cerealsp. 76
Identification of Storage Protein Genes as Marker for Breadmaking Quality of Wheatp. 80
Crop Improvement by Transgenic Technologyp. 85
Transformation of Carnation: Agrobacterium-mediated Transformation of Carnation with Antisense 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate Synthase (ACS) Genep. 91
Field Experiments with Transgenic Maize in Hungary in 1993-1994p. 98
Ten Generations of Transgenic Triticalep. 103
Potato Transformationsp. 107
Transformation of Foreign Gene and Sexual Transfer of Transgene in Wheatp. 112
Development of a Highly Regenerable Germplasm and Genetic Transformation of Alfalfap. 117
New Aspects of Breeding Crops for Disease Resistance: the Role of Antioxidantsp. 124
Evaluation of Transgenic Cucumbers Expressing the Thaumatin Genep. 131
Enhancement of Disease Resistance in Applesp. 135
Performance of Virus Resistant Transgenic Potatoesp. 142
Molecular Phylogeny as a Tool for Controlling Potato Virus Y Spreadp. 148
Production of Herbicide Tolerant Rice by in vitro Selectionp. 153
Current Procedures for Applying Risk Assessment in Genetically Modified Cropsp. 160
Questions Raised During the Implementation of the Hungarian Law on Biotechnical Activitiesp. 171
Public Perception and Legislation of Biotechnology in Polandp. 180
Property Rights and Agricultural Biotechnologyp. 203
Opportunities for Successful Collaborationp. 216
Key Participantsp. 238
Subject Indexp. 243
Author Indexp. 251
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781586030193
ISBN-10: 1586030191
Series: NATO Science Series A: Life Sciences
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 264
Published: 1st January 2000
Publisher: IOS Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.4 x 15.6  x 1.5
Weight (kg): 0.55
Edition Number: 1