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Urban Risk Assessments : Understanding Disaster and Climate Risk in Cities - World Bank Publications

Urban Risk Assessments

Understanding Disaster and Climate Risk in Cities

Paperback Published: 14th June 2012
ISBN: 9780821389621
Number Of Pages: 240

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This book presents a framework, the Urban Risk Assessment, for assessing disaster and climate risk in cities which is intended to assist in decision-making, urban planning, and designing risk management programs. The approach seeks to strengthen coherence and consensus within and across cities in understanding and planning for risk from natural disasters and climate change. The target audience for this book includes policy makers, urban practitioners and technical staff, and international organizations. The Urban Risk Assessment is a flexible approach based on three reinforcing pillars that collectively contribute to the understanding of urban risk: a hazard impact assessment, an institutional assessment, and a socioeconomic assessment. The URA is designed to allow flexibility in how it is applied dependent on available financial resources, available data relating to hazards and its population, and institutional capacity of a given city. Based on the identified needs and priorities, city governments can select the most appropriate level of risk assessment. Chapters 1 and 2 of the book are aimed at policy makers with information on why and how to invest in measures that strengthen the understanding of urban risk; Chapter 1 provides background information on the growing importance of disaster and climate risk management strategies at the city level and Chapter 2 provides guidance on how to operationalize and mainstream the Urban Risk Assessment with ongoing urban management and development activities. Chapters 3 and 4 are aimed at practitioners, and provide details on the conceptual approach, components, uses, and monitoring requirements for carrying out an Urban Risk Assessment.

Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
Abbreviationsp. xv
Overviewp. 1
Notep. 3
Need for an Urban Risk Assessmentp. 5
Disasters and Citiesp. 6
Climate Change and Citiesp. 10
Challenges of Managing Disaster and Climate Risk in Urban Areasp. 15
Notesp. 20
Referencesp. 20
Integrated Urban Risk Assessment as a Tool for City Managementp. 21
What Is Risk Assessment?p. 22
Integrated Approach to Assessing Urban Riskp. 23
Initiating, Undertaking, and Mainstreaming Urban Risk Assessmentp. 29
Challenges in Undertaking the URAp. 33
Notesp. 34
Referencep. 34
Pillars of the Urban Risk Assessmentp. 35
Hazard Impact Assessmentp. 36
Institutional Assessmentp. 49
Socioeconomic Assessmentp. 55
Notesp. 62
Referencesp. 62
Conclusion: From Risk Assessment to Action Planning and Implementationp. 63
Introductionp. 63
Developing Action Plans: Lessons from Vietnam and New York Cityp. 65
Key Policy Areas: Lessons from England, Turkey, Kenya, and Colombiap. 66
Institutions and Governancep. 68
Referencesp. 70
Dar es Salaam Case Studyp. 71
Overview and Key Findingsp. 71
Case Study Summaryp. 76
Referencep. 88
Jakarta Case Studyp. 89
Overview and Key Findingsp. 89
Case Study Summaryp. 95
Notesp. 107
Referencep. 107
Mexico City Case Studyp. 109
Overview and Key Findingsp. 109
Case Study Summaryp. 112
Notesp. 124
Referencep. 125
Sao Paulo Case Studyp. 127
Overview and Key Findingsp. 127
Case Study Summaryp. 131
Notesp. 160
Referencep. 160
Case Study-Dakar, Senegalp. 161
Public Awareness Raising, Stakeholder Consultations, and Community Participationp. 162
Understanding the Institutional Landscapep. 162
Hazard Impact Assessmentp. 162
Notep. 166
Referencep. 166
Case Study-Legazpi, Philippinesp. 167
Notep. 177
Referencesp. 177
Case Study-Sana'a, Yemenp. 179
Probabilistic Risk Assessment in Sana'ap. 179
Historical Hazard Identificationp. 182
Exposure and Vulnerabilityp. 182
Notep. 185
Referencep. 185
Case Study-Bogota, Colombiap. 187
Holistic Risk Evaluation for Bogotap. 187
Assessing Risk for Bogotap. 188
Damage and Lossp. 190
Comparison with Other Citiesp. 191
Action Plan for Risk Management in Bogotap. 191
Notesp. 193
Referencesp. 193
Probabilistic Risk Modelingp. 195
Remote Sensing as a Tool for Assessing Urban Riskp. 199
Remote Sensing: Satellite Descriptions, Pricing, and Application for Digital Elevation Modelsp. 202
Notep. 204
Referencesp. 204
Community-Based Institutional Mapping and Other Participatory Approachesp. 205
Pro-Poor Adaptation to Climate Change in Urban Centers: Case Studies of Urban Poor in Mombasa, Kenya, and Esteli, Nicaraguap. 205
Methodologyp. 205
Participatory Climate Change Adaptation Appraisalp. 206
Findings from the Case Studiesp. 207
Notep. 208
Referencep. 208
Global, National, and Local Responses to Disasters and Climate Changep. 209
Referencesp. 213
Tools for Climate Risk Assessmentp. 215
Notep. 216
Referencep. 216
Sample Household Urban Risk Questionnairep. 217
Natural Hazard Informationp. 217
PAGER Construction Types Used for Development of Building Inventoryp. 221
Notep. 222
Urban Risk Assessment Templatep. 223
Key Definitionsp. 229
Color Sectionp. 241
Boxes
Understanding Disaster Riskp. 9
Hazard Classificationp. 10
Economics of Effective Preventionp. 12
City Growth and Increased Urban Temperatures in Mexico Cityp. 17
Understanding Urban Resiliencep. 18
Comprehensive Approach for Probabilistic Risk Assessmentp. 48
Field Data Collection and Community-Based Approachesp. 58
Aspects of a Good Urban Risk Assessmentp. 69
Probabilistic Flood Hazard Analysisp. 196
Local/City-Level Disaster Risk Reduction Tasksp. 210
Figures
Risk as a Processp. 22
Urban Risk Assessment Approachp. 24
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780821389621
ISBN-10: 0821389629
Series: Urban Development
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 240
Published: 14th June 2012
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.61 x 14.99  x 1.52
Weight (kg): 0.43

Earn 182 Qantas Points
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