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Urban Poverty, Housing and Social Change in China : Housing and Society Series - Ya Ping Wang

Urban Poverty, Housing and Social Change in China

Housing and Society Series

Hardcover

Published: 1st January 2005
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Urban reform in China has dramatically changed the socialist urban landscapes and the economy is one of the most dynamic systems. However, economic reform has had a very uneven effect on urban population. While the living standard of a significant proportion of urban residents has improved, a sizeable group of households has been left behind and became a new class - the urban poor.
There is a close association between poverty and housing in transitional societies. Along with job security, housing was the most important element of the socialist welfare system. Housing privatisation therefore has far-reaching social and economic implications. While urban economic reform and the associated unemployment problems have attracted some attention, the linkage between urban poverty and housing has been largely overlooked until now.
The major concern of this book is about societies in transition and the associated problem of urban poverty. Under this broad theme, the book aims to analyse the social and economic changes brought forward in Chinese cities by the country's on-going reform programme. It focuses particularly on the problems of urban poverty and low-income urban communities found in large Chinese cities

Introduction
Economic Reform and Transition
Social Implications and Problems of Reform
Scope and Aims
Rest of the Book
Society And Urban Transition
Society in Transition
What is Transition?
Political Changes
Economic Changes - the Big Bang and J Curve
Institutional Changes - The Gradualism
Transition and Housing
Inequality and Poverty
Differences between Eastern Europe and China
Urban Transition in China
Pre-Reform Social Order Rural and urban division
Cadres and workers in the State Sector Collective Enterprises and 'Little Citizens' Distribution of Benefits
Work Unit and Social Integration
Land Use and Spatial Patterns
New Social and Spatial Order Rural to Urban Migration
Changes of Employment Structure and Work Units
Changes in Welfare Provision
Diversification of Social and Economic Groups
Spatial Re-organisation and Housing Estates
Distribution of reform benefits
Conclusion
Urban Poverty And Housing
Emerging Problems of the Urban Poor Urban Income Inequality
Identifying Poor Groups
Traditional poor Unemployment and laid-off workers
Pensioners
Poor students
Landless Suburban Farmers
Rural Migrants
Poor Urban Areas
Traditional old housing areas
Poor housing estates of state enterprises
Urban Villages
Construction Sites Dormitories
Conclusion
Social and Economic Profile of the Urban Poor Study Areas and Data Collection
Household Characteristics
Employment Income
Individual and Institutional Causes of Poverty
Conclusion
Housing the Urban Poor Urban Housing Reform
Housing Conditions of the Urban Poor Ownership
Housing Costs
Impact of Housing Reform
Housing and Poverty
Conclusion
Poverty among Migrants
Migration and Control Policies
National Trend
Demographic Characteristics of Migrants
Age and marital status of migrants
Education Level of Migrants
Where do they come from?
Housing and Living Conditions
Employment, Income and Affordability
Other Costs of Living
Is Living Condition of Migrants Improving?
Conclusion
Poverty Elimination
Social Support and Welfare Policies
The Three Defence Lines Against Urban Poverty
Protection of the Basic Living of Laid-Off Workers
Unemployment Insurance
Urban Minimum Living Standard
Integration of the Three Defence Lines
4050 Group and Re-employment Services
New Social Housing Policies
Effects of Urban Redevelopment Challenges of Urbanisation and Hukou Reform
Conclusion
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780415307383
ISBN-10: 0415307384
Series: Housing and Society Series
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 196
Published: 1st January 2005
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.33 x 16.2  x 1.42
Weight (kg): 0.46
Edition Number: 1