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Understanding the Somalia Conflagration : Identity, Political Islam and Peacebuilding - Afyare Abdi Elmi

Understanding the Somalia Conflagration

Identity, Political Islam and Peacebuilding

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Is peace-building in Somalia possible? Devastated by a US-backed Ethiopian invasion and years of civil war, Somalia has long been without a central government, against this background of violence and instability, Somali academic Afyare Abdi Elmi, explains the multiple dimensions of the conflict, seeking a peace-building consensus.

Somalia is a failed state and a Muslim state, a combination the West assumes means it's a breeding ground for extremism. Coupled with the country's reputation as a piracy hotspot, this combination of internal division and outside interference makes for an intensely hostile landscape. Elmi shows that only by addressing the problem of the statelessness in the country can the long process of peace begin. He highlights clan identities, Islam and other countries in the region as the key elements in any peace-building effort; setting out a path for the international community to follow.

'Elmi's contribution is most effective when it examines the Islamic awakening and historicising Islam. ... [the book] provides useful understanding of an important area' -- CHOICE
'A timely, topically urgent and well-written book that adds much to the literature on Somali studies' -- Ali A. Abdi, University of Alberta
'In this excellent, well-researched work, Elmi gets right to the heart of what makes Somalia a failed state and what are the prerequisites for sustainable peace building to take root in that unfortunate war-torn country. This is a must-read for anyone concerned about the plight of the Horn of Africa and the fate of Somalia' -- W. Andy Knight, Chair and Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Alberta
'To the best of my knowledge provides unequalled documentation on the actors in the drama of Somalia' -- Samir Amin

Acknowledgementsp. x
Prefacep. xii
Note on Methodsp. xviii
Introduction: Conflict and Peace in Somaliap. 1
The Somali conflict: why we should carep. 2
Major argumentsp. 3
Statelessness, piracy and peacebuildingp. 5
The Somali conflictp. 7
Challenges to ending the Somali civil warp. 11
Organization of the bookp. 14
Conclusionp. 15
Understanding the Sources of Somali Conflictp. 16
Somalia: brief backgroundp. 16
Competition for resources and powerp. 18
Colonial legacy and military repressionp. 19
The peace conferences: why did they fail?p. 21
The Mbagathi conference and transitional federal governmentp. 23
Conclusionp. 26
Clan Identity and Implications for Peacebuilding in Somaliap. 28
The nature of clan identityp. 29
Functions of clan identityp. 32
Clan identity and the Somali civil warp. 34
Impact of clan identity on peacebuildingp. 36
Analysis and options for addressing clan identity in Somaliap. 38
Conclusionp. 47
Making Sense of Islam and Islamic Awakening in Somaliap. 48
Islam and its role in Somaliap. 49
Islamic awakening: what is it and why is it popular?p. 51
Evolution of Islamic awakening in Somaliap. 55
Islamic movements and their methods of social changep. 58
Islamic courts in Somalia: a vehicle for social changep. 63
The Islamic awakening and its implications for peacebuilding in Somaliap. 66
The future of the Islamic awakening or 'Islamism' in Somaliap. 70
Conclusionp. 72
Understanding the US Policy toward Somaliap. 73
Contextp. 73
War on terror: definitions, principles and goalsp. 76
Politics of adding Al-Ittihad and Al-Shabab to the terrorist listp. 77
US support for Somali warlords and the Ethiopian occupationp. 81
The US role in deposing the Union of Islamic Courtsp. 82
Somali perceptions of the US rolep. 86
The Obama administration and Somalia: Is there any change of policy?p. 88
Conclusionp. 89
The Role of Regional Countries and Organizations in the Somali Conflictp. 90
Ethiopia: historic enemy and hostile neighbour of Somaliap. 91
Ethiopia and post-state collapse in Somaliap. 93
Kenya: facilitator and beneficiary of the conflictp. 97
Djibouti: peace promoter in Somaliap. 98
Regional organizations: instruments used by Ethiopia and Kenya to perpetuate Somalia's conflictp. 100
Analysis and implications for peacebuilding in Somaliap. 102
Conclusionp. 106
Peacebuilding Education: Contested Resource and Vehicle for Social Transformationp. 108
Education in Somalia: backgroundp. 109
Role of education in the Somalia conflictp. 110
Politics of reconstructionp. 112
Education and identityp. 115
Citizenship education in Somaliap. 117
Peace education in Somaliap. 119
Peacebuilding education in Somaliap. 120
Challenges of using education for social change: analysis and implicationsp. 124
Conclusionp. 126
Role for the International Community: Options and Implicationsp. 128
Understanding the international community and its role in peacebuildingp. 128
Somalia under a UN trusteeship systemp. 132
United Nations transitional administrationp. 134
Supporting home-grown solutionsp. 137
Conclusion: A Way Forwardp. 140
Further researchp. 142
Recommendationsp. 143
Notesp. 145
Selected Bibliographyp. 166
Indexp. 185
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780745329741
ISBN-10: 0745329748
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 216
Published: 15th August 2010
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 21.5 x 13.5  x 1.27
Weight (kg): 0.26
Edition Number: 1