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Understanding Nature : Case Studies in Comparative Epistemology - H. Zwart

Understanding Nature

Case Studies in Comparative Epistemology

By: H. Zwart

Hardcover

Published: 20th March 2008
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Science is not the only route to understanding nature. This volume presents a series of case studies in comparative epistemology, critically comparing the works of prominent representatives of the life sciences, such as Aristotle, Darwin, and Mendel, with the writings of literary masters, such as Andersen, Melville, Verne, and Ibsen. It constitutes a major contribution to the growing field of science and literature studies.

From the reviews:

"Hub Zwart's Understanding Nature is a project designed as a defense of epistemology reformulated as a comparative practice that conceives knowledge as a process undertaken by a range of disciplines and practices to apprehend the constitutive features of complex phenomena. ... the great strength of Understanding Nature is Zwart's fascinating and provocative readings of philosophers, novelists, poets, scientists, and dramatists. ... it is a study of the limits and uniqueness of the perceptual vantages that give rise to scientific and literary forms of expression." (Christopher C. Robinson, Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, Vol. 22, 2009)

Introduction
Comparative Epistemologyp. 3
Understanding Nature: Scientifically and Otherwisep. 3
Towards a Comparative Epistemology of Divergent Knowledge Formsp. 5
Cross Sections: A Synchronic Approachp. 10
Going Through the Archives: Preliminary Issuesp. 13
Epistemological Neurosis in Frankensteinp. 20
Outlinep. 24
Antecedents: Comparative Epistemology as an Outcomep. 27
Epistemology as Therapyp. 27
Kant: Why a Third Critique?p. 30
Comparative Dialecticsp. 34
Phenomenology: Science and its Discontentsp. 36
Gaston Bachelard: Preparing the Ground for a Comparative Epistemologyp. 39
Animal Epistemology
What is an Animal? A Comparative Epistemology of Animalsp. 51
Reasoning Animals: On the Truthfulness of Literature and Sciencep. 51
The Comical, the Tragic and the Biblical Viewp. 56
Classifying, Dissecting and Slaughtering Animalsp. 60
Darwin: Prelude, Climax and Aftermathp. 66
Animals as Epistemologically Privileged Beingsp. 69
What is a Whale? Moby-Dick, Marine Science and the Sublimep. 77
Why Moby-Dick? An Introductionp. 77
What is a Whale? The Epistemology of Self-exposure Versus the Epistemology of Self-restraintp. 81
On Classifying Whalesp. 86
Whaling and Philosophy: The Meditating Sailorp. 88
And God Created Great Whales: The Philosophy of the Sublimep. 91
Will the Whale Perish? The Ethics of Moby-Dickp. 95
Concluding Remarksp. 96
What is a Dog? Animal Experiments and Animal Novelsp. 99
Prelude: The Year 1859 and the Triumph of Realismp. 99
A Short History of the Research Animalp. 104
Claude Bernard: The Epistemology of Destructionp. 107
Research Animals as Partners? Ivan Pavlov's Chronic Methodp. 110
Animal Experiments in Literary Documentsp. 116
An Experimental Dog Novelp. 118
The Experimental Animal-selfp. 125
The Birth of a Research Animal: Ibsen's The Wild Duck and The Origin of a New Animal Sciencep. 129
Introductionp. 129
Preliminary Remarksp. 130
The Wild Duck: Close Reading 1p. 131
The Emergence of a New Research Paradigm: Spalding and Morganp. 134
The Wild Duck: Close Reading 2p. 136
A New Scientific Practicep. 136
The Scientific Gazep. 137
The Scientific and the Romantic Gazep. 139
Ethical Dimensionp. 141
Well-being of the Research Animalp. 141
Integrity of the Research Animalp. 142
The Death of the Research Animalp. 143
From Awe-inspiring Nature to Managed Environmentp. 143
Plants, Landscapes and Environments
Aquaphobia, Tulipmania, Biophilia: A Moral Geography of the Dutch Landscapep. 147
Introductionp. 147
An Elementary Historyp. 149
Simultaneous Reformations: Shifting Physiognomiesp. 152
Tulipmania, or the Beautiful and the Sublimep. 155
Growing Tensionsp. 157
Poetry as the Art of Remembrancep. 162
Romanticism and the Emergence of a More "Natural" Natural Sciencep. 165
Challenged Idealsp. 169
Down with the Dikesp. 171
Taming Microbes: Ibsen's Dr. Stockmann as a Contemporary of Pasteur and Kochp. 175
Introductionp. 175
Stockmann as a Man of Sciencep. 178
Stockmann as a Whistleblowerp. 182
Stockmann as a Microbe Hunterp. 187
Taming the Micro- and the Macro-monsterp. 194
Pea Stories. Why was Mendel's Research Ignored in 1866 and Rediscovered in 1900?p. 197
Introductionp. 197
The Imperfection of the Biographical Recordp. 200
Mendel: A Case Studyp. 202
Mendel's Predecessorsp. 204
Separate and Recombinep. 208
Playing Chess with Naturep. 212
Science Communicationp. 223
The Year 1900p. 228
Jules Verne's Oeuvre: A Literary Encyclopaedia of Science and Technologyp. 233
To the Centre of the Earthp. 233
Verne's Work as an Encyclopaedia of Arts and Sciencesp. 241
Extremophilia: Experimental Research Under Extreme Conditionsp. 243
Elementary Imagination: Verne's Work as "Teratology"p. 248
Conclusion
Epistemological Exercises: Towards a Typology of Knowledge Formsp. 257
What is Knowledge?p. 257
An Epistemological Typology of Literary Formsp. 258
The Nineteenth Centuryp. 262
Two Cultures?p. 264
A Grand Idea ("How Large the World is ...")p. 266
Prospects for Further Research: Some Case Studies in Broad Outlinep. 268
Literaturep. 271
Name Indexp. 281
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781402064913
ISBN-10: 1402064918
Series: The International Library of Environmental, Agricultural and Food Ethics
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 286
Published: 20th March 2008
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 1.75
Weight (kg): 1.31