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Understanding Institutional Diversity : Princeton Paperbacks - Elinor Ostrom

Understanding Institutional Diversity

Princeton Paperbacks

Paperback Published: 22nd August 2005
ISBN: 9780691122380
Number Of Pages: 376

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The analysis of how institutions are formed, how they operate and change, and how they influence behavior in society has become a major subject of inquiry in politics, sociology, and economics. A leader in applying game theory to the understanding of institutional analysis, Elinor Ostrom provides in this book a coherent method for undertaking the analysis of diverse economic, political, and social institutions.

"Understanding Institutional Diversity" explains the Institutional Analysis and Development (IAD) framework, which enables a scholar to choose the most relevant level of interaction for a particular question. This framework examines the arena within which interactions occur, the rules employed by participants to order relationships, the attributes of a biophysical world that structures and is structured by interactions, and the attributes of a community in which a particular arena is placed.

The book explains and illustrates how to use the IAD in the context of both field and experimental studies. Concentrating primarily on the rules aspect of the IAD framework, it provides empirical evidence about the diversity of rules, the calculation process used by participants in changing rules, and the design principles that characterize robust, self-organized resource governance institutions.

Winner of the 2006 William H. Riker Book Award, Political Economy Section of the American Political Science Association "Understanding Institutional Diversity is a comprehensive book on the management of the common pool. It includes overviews of major theoretical issues and empirical studies. Anyone who is interested in how common-pool problems are or are not successfully resolved by locally devised arrangement should read it."--Gary D. Libecap, The Independent Review

List of Illustrationsp. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
An Overview Of The Institutional Analysis And Development (IAD)Frameworkp. 1
Understanding the Diversity of Structured Human Interactionsp. 3
Diversity: A Core Problem in Understanding Institutionsp. 4
Is There an Underlying Set of Universal Building Blocks?p. 5
Holons: Nested Part-Whole Units of Analysisp. 11
Action Arenas as Focal Units of Analysisp. 13
Zooming Out to an Overview of the IAD Frameworkp. 15
Viewing Action Arenas as Dependent Variablesp. 16
Institutional Frameworks, Theories, and Modelsp. 27
The Limited Frame of This Bookp. 29
Zooming In and Linking Action Situationsp. 32
An Action Situation as a Focal Unit of Analysisp. 32
Example of a Simple Action Situationp. 35
The Basic Working Parts of Action Situationsp. 37
Linking Action Arenasp. 55
Predicting Outcomesp. 64
Evaluating Outcomesp. 66
Studying Action Situations in the Labp. 69
The Trust Game in the Experimental Laboratoryp. 70
A Commons Dilemma in the Experimental Laboratoryp. 78
Structural Changes in the Laboratoryp. 85
Replications and Extensions of Commons Dilemma Experimentsp. 93
Conclusionsp. 97
Animating Institutional Analysisp. 99
Animating Open, Competitive Processesp. 100
The Challenge of Imperfect Informationp. 101
Assumptions Used in Animating Participantsp. 103
Variety and Complexity: An Asset or a Liability?p. 116
A Focus on Collective Action to Overcome Social Dilemmasp. 119
Norms Fostering Collective Actionp. 121
Emergence and Survival of Norms in Evolutionary Processesp. 125
Conclusionp. 131
Focusing On Rulesp. 135
A Grammar of Institutions, Sue Crawford and Elinor Ostromp. 137
Parsing Institutional Statementsp. 137
The Syntax of a Grammar of Institutionsp. 139
The Syntax Componentsp. 140
Applying the Grammarp. 152
Using the Grammar in Empirical Field Researchp. 171
Some Next Stepsp. 173
Why Classify Generic Rules?p. 175
Solving Babbling Equilibrium Problemsp. 176
The Policy Analyst 's Need to Understand How to Reform Situationsp. 180
Moving beyond Slogan Words to Describe Institutionsp. 181
Coping with the Immense Diversity by Identifying Generic Rulesp. 181
The Role of Rules as Information Transformation Mechanismsp. 184
An Underlying Universality?p. 185
Classifying Rules, Elinor Ostrom and Sue Crawfordp. 186
The Horizontal Approach: Classifying by the A I M of a Rulep. 187
Position Rulesp. 193
Boundary Rulesp. 194
Choice Rulesp. 200
Aggregation Rulesp. 202
Information Rulesp. 206
Payoff Rulesp. 207
Scope Rulesp. 208
Default Conditions: What Happens if No Rules Exist Related to Components of an Action Situation?p. 210
The Vertical Approach: Operational, Collective-Choice, and Constitutional-Choice Levels of Analysisp. 214
Using Rules as Tools to Change Outcomesp. 215
Working With Rulesp. 217
Using Rules as Tools to Cope with the Commonsp. 219
Field Research on Common-Pool Resourcesp. 221
What Rules Are Found in Self-Organized Common-Pool Resource Regimes?p. 222
Contemporary Approaches to Resource Policyp. 236
Coping with Complexity: A General Problemp. 242
Changing Rules as an Adaptive Processp. 243
Theoretical Puzzlesp. 251
Summing Upp. 253
Robust Resource Governance in Polycentric Institutionsp. 255
Design Principles and Robust Social-Ecological Systemsp. 258
Threats to Robust Governance of Common-Pool Resourcesp. 271
Modest Coping Methods for Dealing with Threats to Sustainabilityp. 279
The Advantage and Limits of Polycentric Systems in Coping with Design and Long-Term Sustainability of Systemsp. 281
The Capabilities of Polycentric Systems in Coping with Tragedies of the Commons
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780691122380
ISBN-10: 0691122385
Series: Princeton Paperbacks
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 376
Published: 22nd August 2005
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.6  x 2.5
Weight (kg): 0.55