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Ultrafine Grained Materials III - Yuntian Theodore Zhu

Ultrafine Grained Materials III

By: Yuntian Theodore Zhu (Editor), Terence G. Langdon (Editor), Ruslan Z. Valiev (Editor), S. Lee Semiatin (Editor), Dong H. Shin (Editor)


Published: March 2010
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These proceedings focus on all aspects of the science and technology of ultrafine-grained materials produced by Severe Plastic Deformation (SPD) techniques. Topics include SPD processing and SPD-processed materials, processing and microstructures, microstructural evolution, mechanical and physical properties, superplasticity, computational and analytical modeling, new SPD technologies and advances, structural applications, etc. This book will be a useful reference for scientists, engineers, postdocs, and students working with nanostructured materials.

From 2004 TMS Annual Meeting which was held in Charlotte, North Carolina, March 14-18, 2004.



Stacking Fault and Twinning in Nanocrystalline Metals (Invited) (X.Z. Liao, Y.H. Zhao, S.G. Srinivasan, F. Zhou, E.J. Lavernia, M.I. Baskes, H.F. Xu, R.Z. Valiev and Y.T. Zhu).

What Simulations Suggest on Deformation Mechanism in NC-Metals (Invited) (H. Van Swygenhoven and P.M. Derlet).

Grain Boundary Structure of Nanocrystalline Cu Processed by Cryomilling (Invited) (J.Y. Huang, X.Z. Liao, Y.T. Zhu, F. Zhou and E.J. Lavernia).

An Examination of Cavity Development in an Aluminum-6061 MetalMatrix Composite Processed by Equal-Channel Angular Pressing (M. Kawasaki, Y. Huang, C. Xu, M. Furukawa, Z. Horita and T.G. Langdon).

3D Atom Probe Investigation of Cementite Dissolution in a Pearlitic SteelProcessed by High Pressure Torsion (X. Sauvage, G. Dacosta and R.Z. Valiev).

Characterization of Ultra-Fine-Grain Materials by X-Ray Diffraction PeakProfile Analysis (Invited) (T. Ungar).

X-Ray Investigations of Ultrafine-Grained Metals Processed by SeverePlastic Deformation (Invited) (I.V. Alexandrov, A.R. Kilmametov and R.Z. Valiev).

Equal Channel Angular Pressing as a Means of Improving the HydrogenAdsorption/Desorption Properties of Alloy ZK60 (V. Skripnyuk, E. Rabkin, Y. Estrin and R. Lapovok).

Work Hardening of Fine Grained Materials (C.W. Sinclair and W.J. Poole).


Deformation Microstructures (Invited) (N. Hansen, X. Huang and D.A. Hughes).

Principles of High Pressure Torsion and Equal-Channel Angular Pressing:A Comparison of Microstructural Characteristics (A.P. Zhilyaev, C. Xu, M. Furukawa, Z. Horita and T.G. Langdon).

Effect of Strain Path on Microstructure Evolution During Severe PlasticDeformation of Al (Invited) (A.A. Salem, Z. Horita, T.G. Langdon, T.R. McNelley and S.L. Semiatin).

Deformation Banding and Grain Refinement During ECAP of Aluminum(Invited) (T.R. McNelley and D.L. Swisher).

Ultrafine Grained Aluminum Alloys Via Friction Stir Processing (Invited) (I. Charit and R.S. Mishra).

Formation of Defects During Equal Channel Angular Extrusion (Invited) (R.Ye. Lapovok and P.W.J. Mckenzie).

The Effect on Grain Refinement of Developing a Strong Texture in an UFGAl-0.13 Mg Alloy Severly Deformed by ECAE (C.P. Heason and P.B. Prangnell).

Measuring 3D Strains in Equal Channel Angular Pressing (Invited) (H.J. Roven, S. Dumoulin and J.C. Werenskiold).

Microstructure and Enhanced GB Energy in UFG Nickel (A.P. Zhilyaev, J.A. Szpunar, M.D. Baro and T.G. Langdon).

Grain Refinement Mechanisms Operating During Severe Deformation ofAluminum Alloys Containing Second-Phase Particles (P.J. Apps and P.B. Prangnell).

Processing Ultrafine-Grained Copper by ECAP with ControlledBackpressure (G.I. Raab, N.A. Krasilnikov and R.Z. Valiev).

Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Ultrafine Grained LowCarbon Steel Fabricated by Conventional Cold-Rolling and Annealing ofMartensite (Martensite Process) (R. Ueji, N. Tsuji, Y. Minamino and Y. Koizumi).

Continuous ECAE (Conshearing) Process of Aluminum and Steel Strips (H. Utsunomiya, K. Hatsuda, Y. Okamura, T. Sakai and Y. Saito).

Influence of Outer Arc Angle on Mechanical Properties of Pure Copper inEqual Channel Angular Pressing (W. Wei, G. Chen and J. Wang).

Large Scale Manufacturing of Ultra-Fine Grained Materials (S. Swaminathan, T.L. Brown, M. Ravi Shankar, B.C. Rao, K.P. Trumble, W.D. Compton and S. Chandrasekar).

Machining as a Method for Studying Effects of Very Large StrainDeformation (T.L. Brown, S. Swaminathan, B.C. Rao, R.F. Kezar, S. Chandrasekar, W.D. Compton, K.P. Trumble and A.H. King).

On the Forces Generated During Friction Stir Processing of Aluminum5052 Sheets (R.R. Itharaju and M.K. Khraisheh).

Manufacturing of Long Specimens by ECAP (G. Krallics, D. Malgin, G.I. Raab and I.V. Alexandrov).

Heterogeneity in Texture Development in Single Pass Equal ChannelAngular Extrusion (Invited) (I.J. Beyerlein, S. Li, D.J. Alexander, C.T. Necker, C.N. Tome and M.A. Bourke).

Three Dimensional Modeling of Plastic Deformation Flow During ECAP (I.N. Budilov, I.V. Alexandrov, Yu.V. Lukaschuk, I.J. Beyerlein and V.S. Zhernakov).

Processing and FEM Simulation of a 5083 Aluminium Alloy at RoomTemperature (P.A.G. Crespo, I.P. Arbizu and C.J.L. Perez).

FEM Simulation of the Continuous Combined Drawing and RollingPressing in Equal Channel (CCDR-ECAP) (C.J.L. Perez and J.L. Iriarte).

On the Mechanism of Grain Subdivision During Severe PlasticDeformation (A.E. Romanov, T.S. Orlova, N.A. Enikeev, A.A. Nazarov, I.V. Alexandrov and R.Z. Valiev).


Fabrication of Bulk Nanostructured Materials by ARB (AccumulativeRoll Bonding) Process (Invited) (N. Tsuji, N. Kamikawa, H.W. Kim and Y. Minamino).

Evolution of Grain Boundary Character Distribution in ECA-Pressed PureTitanium (Invited) (S.H. Yu, D.H. Shin and S.K. Hwang).

Evolution of Microstructural Morphology and Boundary Spacing DuringHigh Pressure Torsion of Nickel (X. Huang, A. Vorhauer, G. Winther, N. Hansen, R. Pippan and M. Zehetbauer).

Nano-Grained Steels Produced by Various Severe Plastic DeformationProcesses (M. Umemoto, Y. Todaka and K. Tsuchiya).

Microstructure and Texture Development in Copper and Aluminum UnderECAP: New Experimental Results and Modeling (Invited) (Y. Estrin, R.J. Hellmig, S.C. Baik, H.S. Kim, H.-G. Brokmeier and A. Zi).

Cold-Rolling Induced Structural Transformations in Metallic Multilayers (R.J. Herbert and J.H. Perepezko).

Grain Refinement of Electron-Beam-Melted Crystal Bar Zirconium byEqual Channel Angular Extrusion (D.J. Alexander, C.T. Necker and D.A. Korzekwa).

Grain Refinement of Arc Melted Beryllium-6 wt% Copper (D.J. Alexander, J.C. Cooley, D.J. Thoma and A. Nobile, Jr.).

Cold-Deformed Cu-Ag and Cu-Nb Composites (K. Han, A. Ishmaku, Y. Xin and P.N. Kalu).

Microstructure Evolution to Nanoscale of 1200 and 3103 Al AlloysProcessed Via Equal Channel Angular Pressing (M. Cabibbo, E. Evangelista and E. Nes).

The Role of Surface Shear During Accumulative Roll Bonding of anInterstitial Free Steel (L. Kestens, A. Carmen, C. Reis and Y. Houbaert).

Grain Refinement and Mechanical Twinning in Severely Deformed AISI316L Stainless Steel at High Temperatures (G.G. Yapici, I. Karaman, Z.P. Luo and Y.I. Chumlyakov).

Transformation Temperatures and Microstructural Evolution of an AusformedNiTi Shape Memory Alloy Using Equal Channel Angular Extrusion (A.V. Kulkarni, I. Karaman, Z.P. Luo and Y.I. Chumlyakov).

Shear Texture Development and Grain Refinement in AsymmetricallyRolled Aluminum Alloy Sheets: Effects of Shear Combinations (Invited) (J.K. Lee and D.N. Lee).

Synthesis of Ultrafine-Grained Alloys by Repeated Cold-Rolling (G.P. Dinda, H. Rosner and G. Wilde).

Structural Changes of Severely Plastic Deformed Rail Steel (F. Wetscher, R. Stock, B. Tian and R. Pippan).

Microstructural Development in Interstitial Free Steel Processed byEqual Channel Angular Extrusion (A.A. Gazder, C.H.J. Davies and E.V. Pereloma).

Processing of Aluminum Nickelides by Equal-Channel Angular Extrusion (L.J. Kecskes, S.T. Szewczyk, R.H. Woodman, R.E. Barber and K.T. Hartwig).

Structure Formation During High Pressure Torsion and Heating of Low-Carbon Steels with Different Initial States (S.V. Dobatkin, N.A. Krasilnikov and K.I. Yanushkevitch).

Structure Evolution During High Pressure Torsion of Ti-Ni-Based ShapeMemory Alloys (S.D. Prokoshkin, I.B. Trubitsyna, I.Yu. Khmelevskaya, E.V. Tatyanin and S.V. Dobatkin).

The Effect of Equal Channel Angular Pressing Routes on StructureEvolution in a Commerical Low Carbon Steel (J.-T. Wang, X. Cao, Z. Du, Z. Zhang and X. Zhao).

Microstructure Evolution in a Lamellae Al-33%Cu Eutectic Alloy DuringEqual Channel Angular Pressing (J.-T. Wang, S.-B. Kang and H.-W. Kim).

Microstructures of Ferritic Warm Rolled Plain Carbon Steels (G. Herman, B. Lechevalier, F. Montheillet and T. Oliveira).

The Effect of Cryogenic Rolling on the Formation of Ultra-Fine Grains in5052 Al Alloy (Y.B. Lee, W.J. Nam and D.H. Shin).

Structure of Martensite Transformed from Severely Deformed Austenite inFe-28.5at.%Ni (H. Kitahara, T. Kimura, N. Tsuji, Y. Koizumi and Y. Minamino).

Features of Grain Refinement During Equal Channel Angular Pressing (F.Z. Outyshev and G.I. Raab).

The Effect of Rolling Strain on the Development of Ti-Al-Nb UltrafineGrained Intermetallic Composites (R. Zhang and V.L. Acoff).

HRTEM and EFTEM Investigation of the Eutectoid Steel After SeverePlastic Deformation (Yu. Ivanisenko, I. MacLaren, H. Rosner and H.-J. Fecht).

On the Description of Misorientation of Intergranular Boundaries DuringSevere Plastic Deformation (N.A. Enikeev, I.V. Alexandrov, R.Z. Valiev, T.S. Orlova and A.E. Romanov).

Structural Evolution of Ultrafine Grained Copper During PlasticDeformation (N.A. Koneva, N.A. Popova, A.N. Zhdanov, L.N. Ignatenko and E.V. Kozlov).

Destabilization of FCC Stable Materials During SPD Under High Pressure (B. Efros, Y. Beygelzimer, A. Deryagin, N. Efros, V. Pilyugin and D. Orlov).


Application of Equal-Channel Angular Pressing for Grain Refinement ofPlate Samples (Invited) (M. Kamachi, M. Furukawa, Z. Horita and T.G. Langdon).

Deformation Behavior of Ultrafine-Grained Iron Processed by Equal-Channel-Angular Pressing (Invited) (B.Q. Han, F.A. Mohamed and E.J. Lavernia).

The Microstructure-Mechanical Property Relationship of Ultrafine GrainedStructural Materials Processed by ECAP (D.H. Shin, B.D. Ahn, H.S. Cho and K.-T. Park).

Microstructure and Ductility of Mg Alloy, ZK60, After Equal ChannelAngular Processing (G.M. Stoica, S.R. Agnew, E.A. Payzant, D.A. Carpenter, L.J. Chen and P.K. Liaw).

Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Severely Deformed Ti-6Al-4Vand Ti-6Al-4V/TiC Metal Matrix Composite (G.G. Yapici, I. Karaman and Z.P. Luo).

The Mechanical Properties and Microstructure of Equal Channel AngularPressed Al-Cu-Mg Alloy Fabricated by Spray Depostion (K.H. Chung, D.H. Shin and E.J. Lavernia).

The Effect of Mn on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties AfterHeavy Warm Rolling of C-Mn Steel (R. Song, R. Kaspar, D. Ponge and D. Raabe).

Processing Ultrafine Grained Composites of Elemental Titanium andAluminum by Severe Plastic Deformation (G.P. Chaudhari, K. Serin and V.L. Acoff).

Microstructure, Mechanical Properties and Anysotropy of Pure TiProcessed by Twist Extrusion and Cold Rolling (D.V. Orlov, V.V. Stolyarov, H.Sh. Salimgareyev, E.P. Soshnikova, A.V. Reshetov, Ya.Ye. Beygelzimer, S.G. Synkov and V.N. Varyukhin).

Microstructures and Mechanical Behavior of Ultrafine-Grained Ti-6Al-4VAlloy Produced by ECAP (I.P. Semenova, Y.T. Zhu, G.J. Raab, T.C. Lowe and R.Z. Valiev).

Mechanical Properties and the Evolution of Microstructure DuringDeformation of a Cu-Al-O Ultrafine Grained Alloy (E.V. Kozlov, Yu.F. Ivanov, A.N. Zhdanov and N.A. Koneva).

Effect of Grain Size and Nano-Particle on Fatigue Properties for a-Iron (C. Masuda).

Nanostructures and Phase Transformations in TiNi Shape Memory AlloysSubject to Severe Plastic Deformation (V.G. Pushin, D.V. Gunderov, N.I. Kourov, L.I. Yurchenko, E.A. Prokofiev, V.V. Stolyarov, Y.T. Zhu and R.Z. Valiev).


Deformation Behavior of Ultrafine-Grained Aluminum Alloys Processedby Cryomilling Techniques (Invited) (B.Q. Han, E.J. Lavernia and F.A. Mohamed).

New Observations of High Strength and Ductility in SPD-ProducedNanostructured Materials (R.Z. Valiev).

Plastic Flow and Properties of Mg- and Al-Alloys Deformed by Equal-Channel-Angular Pressing (Invited) (G.M. Stoica, P.K. Liaw, L.J. Chen, C. Xu, T.G. Langdon, D.E. Fielden, Z. Buczko and R.A. Buchanan).

Structure and Property Evolutions of ECAPed 7075 Al Alloy DuringAnnealing (Y.H. Zhao, X.Z. Liao, Z. Jin, R.Z. Valiev and Y.T. Zhu).

Mechanical Properties of High-Purity Copper Processed by Equal ChannelAngular Extrusion (D.J. Alexander and I.J. Beyerlein).

An Evaluation of Cavity Development in the Tensile Testing of Ultrafine-Grained Iron Processed by ECAP (H. Lin, C. Xu, B.Q. Han, E.J. Lavernia and T.G. Langdon).

Fatigue Crack Growth in Ultrafine Grained Al-7.5Mg (P.S. Pao, H.N. Jones and C.R. Feng).

Indentation Behavior of Aluminum Prepared by Equal Channel AngularPressing (L. Peng, F. Yang and K. Okazaki).

Compression Tests to Approximate the ECAP Deformation and Post-Processing of Coarse-Grained and NanoSPD Grade 2 Titanium (L. Zeipper, G. Gemeinboeck, M. Zehetbauer and G. Korb).

Reciprocating-Sliding Wear of Ultra-Fine Grained Ti-6Al-4V (E.K.Y. Fu, H.C. Bellam, J.I. Qazi, H.J. Rack and V. Stolyarov).

Influence of Experimental Parameters on the Plastic Flow Curve Obtainedby Ball Indentation Testing (G. Trichy, R. Kishore, R.O. Scattergood, C.C. Koch and K.L. Murty).

Impact Properties of Ultra-Fine Grain Aluminum Produced by EqualChannel Angular Pressing (H. Miyamoto, T. Otsuka and T. Mimaki)

The Effect of Specimen Thickness and Punch-Die Clearance on theMeasured Mechanical Properties of Some Alloys (R.K. Guduru, K.A. Darling, R. Kishore, R.O. Scattergood, C.C. Koch and K.L. Murty).

The Effect of HCV Deformation on Hardening/Softening of SPD Copper (L. Kommel).

Impact Properites of Ultra Fine Grained Aluminum Produced by EqualChannel Angular Pressing (H. Miyamoto, T. Otsuka and T. Mimaki).

The Effect of Microstructure on the Sliding Wear Performance of Ultrafine-Grained Aluminum Alloys by ARB (Y.-S. Kim, J.S. Ha and D.H. Shin).

Sample Size Effect on the Mechanical Behaviors of UFG Ti-6Al-4V Alloy (A.I. Korshunov, I.I. Vedernikova, T.N. Kravchenko, L.V. Poljakov, I.P. Semenova and G.I. Raab).

Mechanical Behavior of IF Steel Processed by Equal Channel AngularPressing (J. De Messemaeker, B. Verlinden and J. Van Humbeeck).


Superplasticity in Nanocrystalline Materials (Invited) (A.K. Mukherjee, N.A. Mara and A.V. Sergueeva).

High Strain Rate Superplasticity in a Spray-Cast Aluminum AlloyProcessed by Equal Channel Angular Pressing (C. Xu and T.G. Langdon).

Structural Refinement by Geometrical Dynamic Recrystallization in a-Zirconium at Elevated Temperatures (S. Barrabes, M.E. Kassner, M.T. Perez-Prado and M.Z. Wang).

Grain Boundary Diffusion and Creep of UFG Ti and Ti-6Al-4V AlloyProcessed by Severe Plastic Deformation (Invited) (Yu.R. Kolobov, G.P. Grabovetskaya, K.V. Ivanov, R.Z. Valiev and Y.T. Zhu).

Microstructure of Austenitic and Ferritic Steels Produced by SeverePlastic Deformation and Subsequent Annealing (A. Vorhauer, S. Kleber and R. Pippan).

Grain Growth Inhibition in a Nanocrystalline Al-Sc Alloy (N. Halmiton, N. Burhan and M. Ferry).

TEM Observation of Strain Rate Dependent Dynamic Recrystallization ofFerrite in Low Carbon Steel (S.C. Hong, C.S. Yoon, K.J. Lee, D.H. Shin and K.S. Lee).

Influence of Processing Route on Creep Ultrafine Grained AluminumPrepared by ECAP (V. Sklenicka, J. Dvorak and M. Svoboda).

Microstructural Evolution During Superplastic Flow in Aluminum AlloysProcessed by ECAP (M. Furukawa, K. Furuno, K. Oh-ishi, Z. Horita and T.G. Langdon).

High Temperature Deformation Behavior of Ultra-Fine Grained Ti-6Al-4VAlloy (Y.G. Ko, J.H. Kim, C.S. Lee, S.Y. Han, D.H. Shin and S.L. Semiatin).


Product Yield of ECAE Processed Material (R.E. Barber, T. Dudo, P.B. Yasskin and K.T. Hartwig).

Microstructure Transformation in a Pearlite Steel During Equal ChannelAngular Pressing (J. Wang, J. Huang, Z. De, Z. Zhang and X. Zhao).

Author Index.

Subject Index.

ISBN: 9780873395717
ISBN-10: 0873395719
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 702
Published: March 2010
Publisher: The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.65 x 15.4  x 3.74
Edition Number: 1