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Ukrainian : A Comprehensive Grammar - Ian Press


A Comprehensive Grammar

Hardcover Published: 12th August 1999
ISBN: 9780415150293
Number Of Pages: 336

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Ukrainian: A Comprehensive Grammar is a complete reference guide to modern Ukrainian grammar.
The authors have consulted a great number of sources, in addition to a wide range of native speakers. The result is the first true reference grammar of Ukrainian to be published outside Ukraine, it will be the standard reference work for years to come.
The volume is organized to enable students of the language to find the information they seek quickly and easily, and to promote a thorough understanding of Ukrainian grammar. It presents the complexities of the language in a systematic and user-friendly form.
Features include
* detailed tables in each chapter for easy reference
* numerous examples throughout
* thorough descriptions of all parts of speech
* list of grammatical terms in English and Ukrainian
* complete descriptions of the word-formational processes of Ukrainian
* an overview of past and present changes in the language
* bibliography of works relating to Ukrainian
* full index.

Prefacep. xiii
Introductionp. 1
Historical backgroundp. 1
Ukrainian today, the lexiconp. 2
Shared East Slavonic lexiconp. 3
Polish lexiconp. 4
Russian lexiconp. 6
Ukrainian todayp. 7
Abbreviations usedp. 8
Glossary of grammatical terms used in this bookp. 9
Ukrainian grammatical termsp. 12
Basic greetingsp. 15
Interjectionsp. 16
Sounds and spellingp. 18
A general guide to the Ukrainian alphabet and pronunciationp. 18
The pronunciation and sound system of Ukrainianp. 22
Preamblep. 22
The vowel systemp. 22
The consonant systemp. 23
Stressp. 24
Voiced and voiceless consonants, assimilationp. 25
The consonant [characters not reproducible/v]p. 27
Hard and soft consonantsp. 27
The soft signp. 30
The apostrophep. 31
Consonant alternationsp. 32
The alternations [characters not reproducible]-[i], [characters not reproducible]-[i]p. 35
Consonant groups: assimilationp. 36
Consonant groups: simplificationp. 38
Gemination and lengthening of consonantsp. 40
A few notes on problem areas in spellingp. 42
[small o] and [small ie] after hushers and [j]p. 42
Velars plus [I, i]p. 42
The alternations [u-w-v/characters not reproducible], [i-j] in spellingp. 43
Foreign wordsp. 43
The nounp. 47
General remarksp. 47
Genderp. 47
Nouns ending in a consonantp. 48
Hard consonants, almost all masculinep. 48
Nouns ending in a final hard labialp. 49
Soft consonants can be masculine or femininep. 50
Personal names ending in a consonantp. 51
Nouns ending in a vowel: -[small a]/-[small ya]p. 51
The marker -[small a]/-[small ya] is essentially femininep. 51
Common gender words ending in -[small a]/-[small ya]p. 52
Neuters in -[small a]/-[small ya]p. 53
Personal names ending in -[small a]/-[small ya]p. 54
Indeclinable nouns ending in -[small a]p. 54
Nouns ending in a vowel: -[small o]/-[small ie]p. 55
Most nouns in -[small o]/-[small ie] are neuterp. 55
Non-neuter native Ukrainian nouns ending in -[small o]/-[small ie]p. 55
Borrowings ending in -[small o]/-[small ie]p. 56
Nouns ending in vowels other than -[small o]/-[small ie]p. 57
Numberp. 58
The cases: basic meaningsp. 58
Declension: introductionp. 59
Declension of feminine nounsp. 60
Feminine declensions ending in a vowel (-[small a]): hard stemsp. 60
Feminine declensions ending in a vowel (-[small a]): soft stemsp. 62
Feminine declensions ending in a vowel (-[small a]): mixed stemsp. 64
Feminine declensions ending in a consonant: soft stemsp. 65
Feminine declensions ending in a consonant: mixed stemsp. 66
Irregular feminine nounsp. 67
Declension of masculine nounsp. 69
Masculine nouns ending in a vowel (-[small a])p. 69
Masculine nouns ending in a consonant: hard stemsp. 70
Masculine nouns ending in a vowel (-[small o])p. 74
Masculine nouns ending in a consonant: soft stemsp. 74
Masculine nouns ending in a consonant: mixed stemsp. 78
Pluralia tantum nouns; nouns in -[small i small en]p. 79
Declension of neuter nounsp. 80
Neuter nouns: hard stemsp. 80
Neuter nouns: soft stemsp. 83
Neuter nouns: soft stems in -[small ya]p. 84
Neuter nouns: mixed stemsp. 86
Neuter nouns: mixed stems in -[small ya]: hidden consonant stemsp. 87
Indeclinable nounsp. 88
Declension of proper names (people)p. 89
Declension of masculine surnamesp. 90
Declension of feminine surnamesp. 92
Syntax of the nounp. 93
The casesp. 93
The nominative casep. 93
The accusative casep. 95
The genitive casep. 97
The dative casep. 99
The locative casep. 102
The instrumental casep. 102
The vocative casep. 105
Syntax of case: the prepositionp. 105
Alphabetical list of Ukrainian prepositionsp. 106
Case government of Ukrainian prepositionsp. 109
Prepositions governing the genitivep. 109
Prepositions governing the accusativep. 112
Prepositions governing the dativep. 114
Prepositions governing the locativep. 115
Prepositions governing the instrumentalp. 120
Substantial word formationp. 124
Suffixal word formationp. 124
Prefixal word formationp. 135
Compoundingp. 141
Compounding without suffixationp. 142
Compounding with suffixationp. 142
Compounds incorporating abbreviationsp. 144
The adjectivep. 145
Generalp. 145
Declensionp. 148
Generalp. 148
Hard-stem adjectivesp. 148
Possessive adjectivesp. 149
Soft-stem adjectivesp. 150
Adjectives in -[small tse]-p. 150
The adjectival declension of surnamesp. 150
Comparisonp. 151
Comparativesp. 151
Regular comparativesp. 151
Irregular comparativesp. 151
The analytic or compound comparativep. 152
Usage and 'than'p. 153
Superlativesp. 154
The formation of adjectivesp. 154
Suffixesp. 155
Prefixesp. 162
Prefix + suffixp. 164
Compound adjectivesp. 164
Using adjectivesp. 166
Generalp. 166
Adjectives constructed with cases and prepositional phrasesp. 167
Adjective + genitivep. 167
Adjective + dativep. 167
Adjective + accusativep. 168
Adjective + instrumentalp. 168
Adjectives constructed with prepositional phrasesp. 168
Genitivep. 168
Accusativep. 169
Instrumentalp. 170
Locativep. 170
Adjectives constructed with infinitives and adverbsp. 171
'Too X'p. 171
The pronounp. 173
Generalp. 173
Personal pronounsp. 173
Possessive pronounsp. 176
Interrogative and relative pronounsp. 178
'Who?' and 'What?'p. 178
[small shcha small o] in relative clausesp. 179
'Whose?'p. 179
'What sort of?'-'Which?'p. 180
'How much?'-'How many?'p. 181
Demonstrative pronounsp. 181
'This' and 'That'p. 182
'This is', 'That is'p. 183
Indefinite, negative, and distributive pronounsp. 183
'All'p. 183
Indefinites and distributivesp. 184
Negative pronounsp. 186
The numeralp. 189
Summary table of cardinal, collective, and ordinal numeralsp. 189
The cardinals and collectivesp. 190
[capital O small de small short i small en]p. 191
[characters not reproducible]p. 191
[capital PE small ya small te small be] and abovep. 192
Selected paradigmsp. 193
Collectivesp. 194
Approximationp. 196
Distributionp. 196
The ordinalsp. 197
Time expressionsp. 197
Yearsp. 197
Hours (time of day)p. 197
Fractionsp. 198
Indefinite quantifiersp. 200
Compoundsp. 201
The verbp. 203
Generalp. 203
Aspect and tensep. 203
Aspectual pairsp. 204
Type 1: prefixationp. 205
Type 2: -[small i small te small i]: -[small a small te small i]p. 206
Type 3: suffixation and root enlargementp. 207
Type 4: perfectives in -[small en small u]-p. 207
Type 5: place of stressp. 208
Type 6: suppletionp. 209
Verbs of motion: determinate and indeterminatep. 209
Conjugationp. 210
The infinitivep. 211
The non-pastp. 211
Conjugation Ip. 212
Stems in vowel + jp. 213
Consonant stemsp. 215
Stems with consonant mutations: -[small a small te small i] (-i[small te small i]p. 218
Stems with the suffix -[small en small u]-p. 219
Irregular Conjugation I verbsp. 219
'To be'p. 220
'To have'p. 220
Conjugation IIp. 220
The -[small i]- type--stress patterns and consonant mutationsp. 221
A few stems in -[small zhe small a small te small i], -[small che small a small te small i], -[small shcha small a small te small i]p. 223
Stems in -i[small te small i]p. 223
Stems in -[small o small ya small te small i]p. 224
Consonant + -[small te small i]p. 224
Irregular Conjugation II verbsp. 224
The pastp. 225
Infinitives in vowel + -[small te small i]p. 225
Infinitives in consonant + -[small te small i]p. 226
Irregular verbsp. 227
The futurep. 227
Perfective futurep. 228
Imperfective future: analytic and syntheticp. 228
The imperativep. 229
Participles and gerundsp. 231
Active participles (present and past)p. 231
Passive participlesp. 232
Present gerund (verbal adverb)p. 235
Past gerund (verbal adverb)p. 236
The use of the verbp. 236
Agreementp. 236
The use of the infinitivep. 237
The infinitive as subject of the sentencep. 237
The infinitive in the predicatep. 237
Verbs requiring the use of an infinitivep. 239
Verbs of obligation or necessity + infinitivep. 240
The infinitive in place of the imperativep. 240
Intransitive vs. transitive: -[small es small ya] verbsp. 240
Transitive verbs with an accusative direct objectp. 241
Intransitive verbs without -[small es small ya]p. 241
Intransitive verbs with -[small es small ya]p. 241
Reflexive or reciprocal verbs with -[small es small ya]p. 243
Aspectp. 244
Tensep. 244
Sequence of actionsp. 244
The use of imperativesp. 245
Positive commands: [small te small i] and [capital Be small i]p. 246
Negative commands: [small te small i] and [capital Be small i]p. 246
Inclusive ('Let's') commandsp. 247
Third-person commandsp. 247
Use of the verbs of motionp. 248
Indeterminatesp. 248
Determinatesp. 248
Perfectivesp. 249
Results of an action: in force or annulledp. 250
The passivep. 250
Use of the past passive participle (PPP.): attributivep. 250
Use of the PPP.: predicativep. 251
Passive constructions with -[small es small ya] verbsp. 252
Passive constructions with the 3pl. form of the verbp. 252
The use of the gerundp. 253
[small en small ie] + gerundsp. 254
The conditionalp. 254
Verbs requiring cases other than the accusativep. 255
Verbs governing the genitivep. 255
Verbs governing both the accusative and the genitivep. 256
Verbs governing the dativep. 256
Verbs governing the instrumentalp. 257
Verbs used in conjunction with prepositionsp. 257
Verbal word formationp. 258
Prefixationp. 258
Multiple prefixationp. 264
Prefixed verbs + -[small es small ya]p. 266
Verb formation from other parts of speechp. 267
The adverb and adverbial constructionsp. 270
Generalp. 270
Deadjectival adverbs: formationp. 270
Use of the deadjectival adverbp. 271
'It' is ...--impersonal constructionsp. 272
Numerical adverbsp. 272
Adverbs of locationp. 273
Interrogativesp. 273
Statements of locationp. 273
Indefinitesp. 275
Negativesp. 275
Adverbs of time and time expressionsp. 275
Interrogatives of timep. 276
Statements of timep. 276
Generalp. 276
The dayp. 277
The seasons, year ('this', 'last', 'next')p. 277
Days of the week, months of the yearp. 278
Miscellaneousp. 278
Indefinitesp. 279
Negativesp. 279
Quantitative adverbs (adverbs of degree)p. 279
Adverbs of mannerp. 280
'In language X'p. 281
Indefinitesp. 281
Adverbialized gerunds and participlesp. 281
Adverbial comparatives and superlativesp. 282
Adverbial modal constructions (necessity, obligation, possibility)p. 283
Other interrogative adverbs; 'yes', 'no', 'not'p. 284
The conjunctionp. 286
Generalp. 286
Using conjunctionsp. 289
Concatenationp. 289
Coordination with conjunctionsp. 290
Within a single clausep. 290
Correlation: i ([small short i]), [small te small a], ([small a])[small i]i, and so onp. 290
Contrastp. 291
Separation: [characters not reproducible]p. 291
Within the composite sentencep. 291
Coordination: [characters not reproducible]p. 291
Contrast: [characters not reproducible]p. 291
Separation: [characters not reproducible]p. 292
Subordination with conjunctionsp. 292
Noun or final clauses, and indirect speechp. 293
The indirect y/n questionp. 294
Other indirect questionsp. 294
Adjectival or relative clauses: [characters not reproducible]p. 295
Adverbial or oblique clausesp. 297
Paired and repeated conjunctionsp. 304
Notesp. 306
Selected bibliography and referencesp. 309
Indexp. 312
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780415150293
ISBN-10: 0415150299
Series: Routledge Grammars
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 336
Published: 12th August 1999
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.13 x 16.51  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.75
Edition Number: 1