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Turkish : A Comprehensive Grammar - Asli Goksel


A Comprehensive Grammar

Paperback Published: 25th April 2005
ISBN: 9780415114943
Number Of Pages: 624

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Turkish: A Comprehensive Grammar is a complete reference guide to modern Turkish grammar. Concentrating on the real patterns of use in modern Turkish, it presents a detailed and systematic description of the structure of language at every level: sounds, words and sentences and will remain the standard reference work for years to come.

Drawing upon a rapidly growing body of scholarly research on Turkish, this well-presented Grammar is a stimulating and up-to-date analysis of the complexities of the language, with full and clear explanations and examples throughout. A detailed index and extensive cross-referencing between numbered subsections also provides readers with easy access to the information they require.

Features include:

  • detailed treatment of common grammatical structures and parts of speech

  • extensive use of examples, all with English translations

  • particular attention to areas of confusion and difficulty

  • comprehensive glossary of all grammatical terms.

The Grammar is an essential reference source for intermediate and advanced learners and users of Turkish. It is ideal for use in schools, colleges, universities and adult classes of all types.

'This is the newest, the most up-to-date and one of the most comprehensive Turkish reference grammers on the market today.' - Middle East Studies Association 'This is a magnificent and immense work of scholarship, which provides us with the best analytical description (in English) of the contemporary Turkish of Turkey that we are likely to see for many years ... The authors are to be congratulated on their boldness and success in adapting familiar grammatical terminology ... to suit the characteristics of Turkish.' -- Turkish Aread Studies Review 'Refreshingly, this highly academic work provides an unpretentious user-friendly glossary of grammatical terms ... For serious students and researchers of Turkish and linguistics, this book is a veritable bible of descriptive grammar grafted on to years of teaching experience to produce a must-have reference tool.' -- The Times Higher Educational Supplement

List of conventions observed in this book
The Turkish alphabet and writing conventions
Phonology: The Sound System
Phonological Units
Consonants and vowels
Consonants and their allophones
Vowels and their allophones
Long vowels
The distribution of consonants and vowels
Consonant clusters
Sound Changes in the Stem After Suffixation
Alternations of voiceless/voiced consonants: 'p'/'b', 't'/'d', 'k'/'g', 'k'/'<$$$>', 'c'/'c'
Alternations of single consonants with double consonants
Short/long vowel alternations
ae/e alternation
Alternation of 'a', 'e', 'u' and 'u' with '<$$$>1/2' and 'i'
Vowel Harmony
Types of vowel harmony
Vowel harmony in suffixes and clitics
Vowel harmony in I-type suffixes
Vowel harmony in A-type suffixes
Vowel harmony in roots
Exceptions to vowel harmony
Word Stress
Stress in roots
Regular roots
Irregular roots
Stress in compounds
Stress in suffixes
Stressable suffixes
Unstressable suffixes and clitics
The effect of unstressable suffixes and clitics on word stress
The intonation contours of Turkish
Position of stress in the intonational phrase
Primary stress
Secondary stress
Sentences with more than one intonation contour
Morphology: The Structure of Words
Principles of Suffixation
The form of suffixes
Vowel alternations in suffixes
Consonant alternations in suffixes: 'c'/'c', 't'/'d' and 'k'/'g'
The attachment of a suffix to a root or stem: deletable vowels and consonants
Irregular changes in roots and suffixes under suffixation
The order of suffixation
Word Classes and Derivational Suffixes
Word classes
Conjunctions and discourse connectives
Suffixes that attach to verbs
Suffixes that attach to verbs to form nominals
Suffixes that attach to verbs to form verbs
Suffixes that attach to nominals
Suffixes that attach to nominals to form verbs
Suffixes that attach to nominals to form nominals
The internal ordering of derivational suffixes
Nominal inflectional suffixes
The plural suffix -lAr
Possessive suffixes
Case suffixes
Other nominal inflectional markers
Verbal inflectional suffixes
Voice suffixes
The negative marker
Tense/Aspect/Modality markers
Position 1
Position 2
Position 3
The copula 'be', copular markers and -DIr
The copula 'be'
The copular markers -(y)DI, -(y)mI<$$$> and -(y)sA
Person markers
Subordinating suffixes
Multi-functional subordinating suffixes: -DIK, -(y)AcAK, -mA, -mAK
-DIK and -(y)AcAK
-mA and -mAK
Subordinating suffixes which have a single function
-(y)An and -(y)I<$$$>
Subordinating suffixes which only form converbs
Emphatic reduplication
Other forms of doubling
Noun Compounds
Bare compounds
Bare noun compounds
Adjective-noun compounds
-(s)I compounds
Embedding compounds within other compounds
Separability of the constituents of compounds
The clitics of Turkish
The properties of particular clitics
Classification of clitics by relative power
Combinations of clitics within the intonational phrase
The combination of clitics with the negative marker -mA
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780415114943
ISBN-10: 0415114942
Series: Routledge Comprehensive Grammars
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 624
Published: 25th April 2005
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Ltd
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.9  x 3.28
Weight (kg): 0.93
Edition Number: 1