In the three-year period of 1992-94, six disastrous tsunami (tidal wave) events occurred in the world with run-up heights exceeding five metres and the total casualties about 1500. After each of these tsunami disasters, international multi-disciplinary survey teams consisting of geologists, seismologists, oceanographers and engineers were dispatched to collect field data. Various research projects have been developed using these data to study earthquake source, generation, propogation and run-up processes of tsunamis, and deposition and erosions due to tsunamis. This text, which is reprinted from a special issue of PAGEOPH (Pure and Applied Geophysics), contains 26 papers addressing various aspects of these tsunami events. Papers include field survey reports of recent tsunamis in Indonesia, Japan, Philippines and Kurils, and observational and analytical works on tsunamis in the United States and Nicaragua.
Research papers range from a seismological analysis of the tsunamigenic earthquake, hydrodynamic modelling of the recent tsunamis through numerical, analytical and physical methods, and studies of sand deposits from recent tsunamis and the implication for those generated by earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.
to "Tsunamis: 1992-94".- Analysis and Automatic Processing in Near-field of Eight 1992-1994 Tsunamigenic Earthquakes: Improvements Towards Real-time Tsunami Warning.- Edge Wave and Non-trapped Modes of the 25 April 1992 Cape Mendocino Tsunami.- Ocean Cable Measurements of the Tsunami Signal from the 1992 Cape Mendocino Earthquake.- Source Characteristics of the 1992 Nicaragua Tsunami Earthquake Inferred from Teleseismic Body Waves.- Linear and Nonlinear Computations of the 1992 Nicaragua Earthquake Tsunami.- Magnitude Scale for the Central American Tsunamis.- Damage to Coastal Villages due to the 1992 Flores Island Earthquake Tsuimmi.- Coastal Sedimentation Associated with the December 12th, 1992 Tsunami in Flores, Indonesia.- Modeling the Seismic Source and Tsunami Generation of the December 12, 1992 Flores Island, Indonesia, Earthquake.- Numerical Simulation of the 1992 Flores Tsunami: Interpretation of Tsunami Phenomena in Northeastern Flores Island and Damage at Babi Island.- Laboratory Experiments of Tsunami Runup on a Circular Island.- Tsunami Trapping near Circular Islands.- Source Model of Noto-Hanto-Oki Earthquake Tsunami of 7 February 1993.- Two 1993 Kamchatka Earthquakes.- Field Survey of the 1993 Hokkaido Nansei-Oki Earthquake Tsunami.- Field Survey Report on Tsunami Disasters Caused by the 1993 Southwest Hokkaido Earthquake.- Onshore Tsunami Deposits Caused by the 1993 Southwest Hokkaido and 1983 Japan Sea Earthquakes.- Tsunami Deposits from the 1993 Southwest Hokkaido Earthquake and the 1640 Hokkaido Komagatake Eruption, Northern Japan.- Modeling of the Runup Heights of the Hokkaido-Nansei-Oki Tsunami of 12 July 1993.- Source Models for the 1993 Hokkaido Nansei-Oki Earthquake Tsunami.- Finite Element Modeling of the July 12, 1993 Hokkaido Nansei-Oki Tsunami.- Tsunami Generation of the 1993 Hokkaido Nansei-Oki Earthquake.- Analysis of Seismological and Tsunami Data from the 1993 Guam Earthquake.- Field Survey of the East Java Earthquake and Tsunami of June 3, 1994.- The 1994 Shikotan Earthquake Tsunamis.- Field Survey of the 1994 Mindoro Island, Philippines Tsunami.
Series: Pageoph Topical Volumes
Number Of Pages: 520
Published: August 1999
Publisher: Birkhauser Verlag AG
Country of Publication: CH
Dimensions (cm): 24.41 x 16.99
Weight (kg): 0.84