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True Tolerance : Liberalism and the Necessity of Judgment - J. Budziszewski

True Tolerance

Liberalism and the Necessity of Judgment

By: J. Budziszewski, Thelma Z. Lavine (Introduction by)

Paperback Published: 31st December 1999
ISBN: 9780765806666
Number Of Pages: 240

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In contemporary liberal thought, "tolerance" has come to be redefined as a synonym for ethical neutrality: refusal to judge among competing views of goods and evils. The result of this extreme relativism has been a crisis in law, politics, education, and other areas of social life. In this lucidly written and brilliantly argued volume, J. Budziszewski attempts to reverse the self-destruction of modern liberalism by showing that true tolerance is not only consistent with taking stands about objective goods and evils, but actually requires doing so.

Falsely understood as ethical neutrality, tolerance has the paradoxical effect of crippling policy choice by divesting it of the moral and practical framework on which it depends. By painstakingly and exhaustively dissecting each of the many neutralist arguments, Budziszewski demonstrates that real neutrality is logically impossible. Confronted by alternative views, the neutralist at best obscures his own underlying judgments, and at worst abandons all possible defense against fanatics who oppose both true equality and true tolerance.

True Tolerance is both a rigorous critique and a polemic undertaken in the name of a positive, twenty-first century vision of liberalism. Budziszewski outlines a view of true tolerance that assumes a relationship with an older liberal tradition and a codependence with other virtues, including humility, mercy, charity, respect, and courtesy. This vision is rooted in historical experience and rational conviction about what is good. In the spirit of liberal and classical theorists of virtue from Aristotle to John Locke to Alasdair MacIntyre, the virtue of true tolerance is much more than a readiness to followknown rules; it includes a developed ability to distinguish good rules from bad, and to choose rightly even where there are no rules or where rules seem to contradict each other. Accessibly written and intended for a wide readership, True Tolerance will be of special interest to political theorists and activists, and to sociologists and philosophers.

Prologue: The Liberal Vocation
What Is True Tolerance?p. 1
Introduction to Part Onep. 3
The Ideap. 5
Illustrations of True Tolerance in Three Spheres of Regulationp. 17
Is True Tolerance Constitutional?p. 43
The Heads of the Hydrap. 55
Introduction to Part Twop. 57
Arguments for Ethical Neutralityp. 61
An Exploded View of Neutralityp. 103
Mezzalogue: Special Cases of True Tolerancep. 119
The Special Case of Tolerance in Education and Nurturep. 121
Introduction to Part Threep. 123
Liberal Education Contrasted with Authoritarianp. 125
How Neutralism Distorts Liberal Educationp. 133
Neutralist Education in Closer Scrutinyp. 141
The Special Case of Expressive Tolerancep. 157
Introduction to Part Fourp. 159
General Counsels of Expressive Tolerancep. 161
Abuse of the Free Speech and Free Press Clauses: The State Involvement with Obscenityp. 177
The Special Case of Religious Tolerancep. 219
Introduction to Part Fivep. 221
Tolerance and the Ultimate Concernp. 223
True Tolerance (Again)p. 237
Is This a Possible Constitutional Position?p. 241
Epilogue: The Great Refusalp. 263
Appendix One: The Counsels of Tolerance--A Subsetp. 269
Appendix Two: Constitutional Interpretationp. 277
Appendix Three: Patristic Sourcesp. 289
Appendix Four: Empirical Issuesp. 295
Bibliographyp. 299
List of Casesp. 313
Indexp. 317
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780765806666
ISBN-10: 0765806665
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 240
Published: 31st December 1999
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.88  x 3.18
Weight (kg): 0.52
Edition Type: New edition