This book presents an up to date review of many aspects of Interfacial Electrochemistry and points direction of future developments. Traditional routes for the study of the electrochemical interface are reviewed, critically discussed and the available experimental data is analysed. Complementary information is presented as obtained from the sucessful application of the various in-situ reflectance spectroscopies. The use of single crystal face electrodes to study the electrochemical interface is emphasized with particular relevan- ce to the technique to prepare clean surfaces. Some relevant re- sults obtained for single crystal face electrodes are presented. This book presents also the techniques to study other interfaces such-as the ionic-solution, immiscible liquid-liquid and gas-so- lid interfaces. The information gained 'is put in parallel to the solid-electrolyte solution interface. More specific aspects of the electrochemical interface are covered with chapters on phase-transitions occuring on 2D ad- sorbed layers and on electrochemical kinetics where the dependen- ce of the electrochemical rate parameters upon the solvent struc- ture and electrode material is emphasized.
The final chapters reviews of the present state of solvent models interfaces and the recently developed theories of the eleGBP trochemical interfaces in which an association is made of models for the metal with the models for the electrolyte solution. This book is a result of a NATO A. S. 1. on "Trends in Interfacial Electrochemistry", held in Viana do Castelo from 2 to 13th July 1984 which brought together experts of the above men- tioned aspects of Interfacial Electrochemistry.
Components of the electrode Potential. Concepts and Problems..- Potentials of Zero Charge. What they suggest about the structure of the interfacial region..- Temperature Effects of Interfacial Properties..- Electrochemistry on well-defined solid metal electrodes..- Trends in Experimental Electrochemistry on sp and sd metal single crystal electrodes..- Structure of the Double Layer and Rates of ion crossings at 'single' immiscible Liquid/Liquid (L/L) Interfaces..- Electrical Double Layers at Interfaces between Colloidal Materials and Ionic Solutions..- Phase Transitions in Adsorbed Layers..- Surface Science Model Studies of the Electrochemical Interface..- Solvent Effects upon Electrochemical kinetics: Influences of Interfacial Solvation and Solvent Relaxation Dynamics..- UV-Visible Reflectance Spectroscopy in the Study of the Metal-Electrolyte Interface..- Molecular Structure and Orientation in the Electrode//Electrolyte Solution Interface - In Situ IR Spectroscopy..- Structure, Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Water at Interfaces..- Models of the Electrical Double Layer: an Overview of the Present Situation..- Monolayer Models of Metal-Water Interphases and their use in the Interpretation of Differential Capacity Curves and of Organic Adsorption..- The Capacity of the Metal/Liquid Electrolyte Interphase: Contribution of the Metal..- Recent developments in the theory of electrified interfaces..- The semiconductor-electrolyte interface..- List of Participants.- List of Contributors.
Series: NATO Science Series C:
Number Of Pages: 568
Published: 30th June 1986
Publisher: SPRINGER VERLAG GMBH
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6
Weight (kg): 0.98