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Tree Root Systems and Their Mycorrhizas : Developments in Plant and Soil Sciences - D. Atkinson

Tree Root Systems and Their Mycorrhizas

Developments in Plant and Soil Sciences

By: D. Atkinson (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 30th June 1983
ISBN: 9789024728213
Number Of Pages: 525

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Proceedings of a Meeting of the IUFRO, Working Party on Root Physiology and Symbiosis

Researching the potential of forest tree mycorrhizae.- Fine roots and sheathing mycorrhizas: their formation, function and dynamics.- The growth, activity and distribution of the fruit tree root system.- Root development and configuration in intensively managed radiata pine plantations.- Effects of N fertilisation on populations of fine roots and mycorrhizas in spruce humus.- Seasonal variation of growth and development of the roots of five second-year conifer species in the nursery.- Root distribution of four Vitis cultivars.- Root turnover and productivity of coniferous forests.- The distribution and productivity of fine roots in boreal forests.- Root development and plantation establishment success.- Root growth capacity: relationship with field root growth and performance in outplanted jack pine and black spruce.- Effect of restricted watering and its combination with root pruning on root growth capacity, water status and foot reserves of Pinus caribaea var. hondurensis seedlings.- Morphogenesis of root systems of seedlings and cuttings of Quercus robur L..- Some aspects of the development of the endodermis and cortex of Tilia cordata and Picea sitchensis.- When is the structural root system determined in Sitka spruce?.- Differences between stem and root thickening at their junction in red pine.- The development of root systems analysed by growth rings.- Root architecture and tree stability.- Modelling root structure and stability.- The physiology of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal roots.- Role of the host-arbuscule interface in the VA mycorrhizal symbiosis: ultracytological studies of processes involved in phosphate and carbohydrate exchange.- Studies of VA mycorrhizae in vitro: mycorrhizal synthesis of axenically propagated wild cherry (Prunus avium L.) plants.- The development of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal infection in plant root systems.- The concept of succession in relation to the spread of sheathing mycorrhizal fungi on inoculated tree seedlings growing in unsterile soils.- Sequences and interactions of mycorrhizal fungi on birch.- Succession of mycorrhizal fungi on birch: infection of seedlings planted around mature trees.- Role of basidiospores as inocula of mycorrhizal fungi of birch.- Methods for synthesizing ectomycorrhizas and their effect on mycorrhizal development.- Apical meristems in mycorrhizal and uninfected roots of Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull.- Responses of pine roots to E-strain ectendomycorrhizal fungi.- Role of Laccaria laccata in protecting primary roots of Douglas-fir from root rot.- First results of research on the competitivity of ectomycorrhizal fungi.- Ecto- and endomycorrhizal fungus associations with Quercus imbricaria L..- Effect of mycorrhizal inocula on the growth of Sitka spruce seedlings in different soils.- Changes in the mycorrhizal status of Sitka spruce following outplanting.- Inoculation of pines in a nursery with Pisolithus tinctorius and Thelephora terrestris in Korea.- The influence of mixed inocula on endomycorrhizal development.- Growth and survival of container-grown Pinus caribaea infected with various ectomycorrhizal fungi.- Influence of ectomycorrhizae on infectivity of Pythium-infested soils and substrates.- Effect of pesticides on ectomycorrhizae of Pinus sylvestris seedlings.- Mycorrhiza in some desert plant species in Algeria.- Environmental factors determining the distribution of Suillus luteus fructifications in a Pinus radiata grazing-forest plantations.- Nutrient inflows into apple roots.- Phosphorus absorption (32P) by apple trees under drip irrigation as influenced by the physical properties of the soil.- Responses of loblolly pine (mesophyte) and swamp tupelo (hydrophyte) seedlings to soil flooding and phosphorus.- Root surface/leaf area ratios in arctic dwarf shrubs.- Nutrient reserves in roots of fruit trees, in particular carbohydrates and nitrogen.- Nitrogen nutrition, photosynthesis and carbon allocation in ectomycorrhizal pine.- The structure and function of mycelial systems of ectomycorrhizal roots with special reference to their role in forming inter-plant connections and providing pathways for assimilate and water transport.- Effects of ammonium and nitrate on growth and nitrogen uptake by mycorrhizal Douglas-fir seedlings.- Phosphatase production by mycorrhizal fungi.- Increased uptake of anions by plants with vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizas.- Phosphorus-31 nuclear magnetic resonance study of polyphosphate metabolism in intact extomycorrhizal fungi.- Root growth and litter decomposition in a coffee plantation under shade trees.- Growth and spatial distribution of nutrient-absorbing organs: selective exploitation of soil heterogeneity.- Rooting of Sitka spruce cuttings from hedges, and after chilling 495.- Influence of auxin and mycorrhizal fungi on the in vitro formation and growth of Pinus pinaster roots.- A note on modelling methods for studies of ectomycorrhizal systems507.- An overview of the meeting: Synthesis - progress and challenges in work on tree root systems and their mycorrhizas.

ISBN: 9789024728213
ISBN-10: 9024728215
Series: Developments in Plant and Soil Sciences
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 525
Published: 30th June 1983
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 3.0
Weight (kg): 0.93
Edition Number: 71