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Transport Prices and Costs in Africa : A Review of the Main International Corridors - The World Bank

Transport Prices and Costs in Africa

A Review of the Main International Corridors

Paperback Published: 2nd October 2008
ISBN: 9780821376508
Number Of Pages: 164

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Transport prices for most African landlocked countries range from 15 to 20 percent of import costs. This is approximately two to three times more than in most developed countries. It is well known that weak infrastructure can account for low trade performance. Thus, it becomes necessary to understand what types of regional transport services operate in landlocked African nations and it is critical to identify the regulation disparities and provision anomalies that hurt infrastructure efficiency, even when the physical infrastructure, such as a road transport corridor, exists. Transport Prices and Costs in Africa analyzes the various reasons for poor transport performance seen widely throughout Africa and provides a compelling case for a number of national and regional reforms that are vital to the effort to address the underlying causes of high transport prices and costs and service unpredictability seen in Africa. The book will greatly help supervisory authorities throughout the region develop and implement a comprehensive transport policy that will facilitate long-term growth.

Forewordp. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
Abbreviationsp. xv
Introduction and Overviewp. 1
Past Research on Transport Prices and Costsp. 1
Scope and Methodology of This Studyp. 2
Analysis of the Transport Environmentp. 4
Policy Recommendationsp. 7
Notesp. 12
Trucking in Africa Compared with Other Regionsp. 13
Global Comparisonsp. 14
Regional Perspectivesp. 18
Market Regulation, Competition, and Prices in the Trucking Industryp. 20
Notesp. 26
Key Logistics and Market Characteristics of the Transport Corridorsp. 29
West Africap. 31
Central Africap. 32
The Northern Corridor in East Africap. 32
The North-South Corridor in Southern Africap. 33
Notesp. 35
Main Determinants of Transport Prices and Trucking Profitabilityp. 37
Heterogeneity of Transport Prices in Africap. 37
The Importance of Rail Competition for Road Freight Pricesp. 38
Profitability Determinantsp. 39
Notesp. 44
The Impact of Cartels on Transport Prices and Qualityp. 47
Impact of Freight-Sharing Schemesp. 49
Truck Age and Utilizationp. 55
Cartelsp. 58
Fleet Sizep. 59
Notesp. 60
Transport Costs Determinantsp. 63
Typology of Trucking Companies in Africap. 64
Operating Costs in the Subregionsp. 64
The Importance of Variable Costsp. 69
Breakdown of Fixed Costsp. 72
Public Procedures and the Opportunity Cost of Delaysp. 75
Notesp. 77
The Impact of Road Conditions on Transport Costsp. 79
Road Conditions in the Study Corridorsp. 79
How Road Conditions Affect Operating Costsp. 79
Notesp. 83
The Trucking Market in Africa: Perceptions and Realityp. 85
Assessment of Policy Optionsp. 89
Policies for West and Central Africap. 90
Policies for East Africap. 93
Policies for Southern Africap. 94
Notesp. 96
Implications for Economic and Fiscal Analysis and for Data Collectionp. 97
Finance Regular Studies of Transport Prices and Costs Determinantsp. 97
Improve the Economic Analysis of Road Projectsp. 98
Assess the Impact of Fiscal Policies on Transport Servicesp. 100
Notep. 101
Conclusions, Recommendations, and the Role of International Development Agenciesp. 103
Key Findings and Conclusionsp. 103
Recommendationsp. 105
The Role of Development Partnersp. 106
African Landlocked Countriesp. 107
Referencesp. 109
Bank Support for Africa Transport Corridorsp. 113
Notep. 114
Data Methodology and Reliabilityp. 115
Data Selectionp. 115
Variable Descriptionp. 115
Regression Analysisp. 122
Notesp. 123
Sample Survey Design and Data Quality Controlp. 125
An Example with Cameroonp. 125
Sample Sizep. 129
Freight Allocation through Freight Bureaus: The Cases of Central and West Africap. 131
Notesp. 133
Zambia's Road Freight Industry and Business Practices in Southern Africap. 135
Notesp. 137
Indexp. 139
Boxes
History and Impact of the Queuing System in Francep. 50
Captured Market Regulation: Cargo Reservation Schemes in Maritime Transportp. 51
Figures
Various Definitions Related to Transportp. 5
Average Transport Prices: A Global Comparison in 2007p. 14
Transport Quality Worldwide Based on the Logistics Performance Index in 2007p. 17
Transport Services in Africa-Expensive and Low Quality in 2007p. 17
Average Truck Mileage in Selected Developing Countries in 2007p. 18
Cost and Price Trends before and after Market Deregulation in France, 1980-97p. 22
Average Transport Prices from Mombasa to Kigalip. 24
Number of Registered Heavy Trucks in Rwandap. 24
A Typology of Transport Corridors in Africa Based on Market Accessp. 31
Road-Rail Price Competition in Main International Routesp. 39
Transport Quality Index Based on the Trucking Survey Resultsp. 53
Fleet Age and Yearly Mileagep. 56
The Vicious Circle of Transport Prices and Costs in a Strongly Regulated Environmentp. 58
Tables
Measures and Outcomes in West and Central Africap. 8
Measures and Outcomes in East Africap. 9
Measures and Outcomes in Southern Africap. 10
Comparative Transport Costs, Africa and Europe (Eastern and Western) in 2007p. 15
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780821376508
ISBN-10: 0821376500
Series: Directions in Development
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 164
Published: 2nd October 2008
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 0.9
Weight (kg): 0.23

Earn 153 Qantas Points
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