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Transplant Production in the 21st Century : Proceedings of the International Symposium on Transplant Production in Closed System for Solving the Global Issues on Environmental Conservation, Food, Resources and Energy - Chieri Kubota

Transplant Production in the 21st Century

Proceedings of the International Symposium on Transplant Production in Closed System for Solving the Global Issues on Environmental Conservation, Food, Resources and Energy

By: Chieri Kubota (Editor), Changhoo Chun (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 30th November 2000
ISBN: 9780792365945
Number Of Pages: 290

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We are facing global issues concerning environmental pollution and shortages of food, feed, phytomass (plant biomass) and natural resources, which will become more serious in the forthcoming decades. To solve these issues, immeasurable numbers of various plants and huge amounts of phytomass are required every year for food, feed and for the improvement of amenities, the environment and our quality of life. Increased phytomass is also required as alternative raw material for producing bio-energy, biodegradable plastics and many other plant-originated industrial products. Only by using phytomass as a reproducible energy source and raw material, instead of fossil fuels and atomic power, we can save natural resources and minimize environmental pollution. To increase phytomass globally, we need billions of quality transplants (small plants) to be grown yearly, in the field or in the greenhouse, under various environmental conditions. However, these high quality transplants can be produced only under carefully controlled, rather than variable environment al conditions. Recent research has shown that the closed transplant production system requires considerably small amounts of electricity, water, fertilizer, CO) and pesticide to produce value-added transplants as scheduled with minimum release of environmental pollutants and minimum loss of transplants. The closed or closed-type transplant production system is defined as a transplant production system covered with opaque walls with minimized or controlled ventilation rates, using artificial lighting. With this system, photoperiod, light intensity and quality, air temperature, humidity, CO) concentration and air current speed can be controlled as desired.

Preface
Necessity and concept of the closed transplant production systemp. 3
Closed transplant production system at Chiba Universityp. 20
Electric energy, water and carbon dioxide utilization efficiencies of a closed-type transplant production systemp. 28
Microprecision irrigation system for transplant productionp. 33
Design concepts of computerized support systems for large-scale transplant productionp. 38
Modeling and simulation in transplant production under controlled environmentp. 47
Object-oriented analysis and modeling of closed plant production systemsp. 53
Estimating cuticle resistance of seedling shoot tips based on the Penman-Monteith modelp. 59
Measurement of pH in guard cells using a confocal laser scanning microscopep. 63
Does electrolyzed-reduced water protect plants from photoinhibition?p. 67
Environmental control for improved plant quality within controlled environment plant production systemsp. 72
Environmental engineering for transplant productionp. 78
Effects of air current on transpiration and net photosynthetic rates of plants in a closed plant production systemp. 83
Effects of air temperature, relative humidity and photosynthetic photon flux on the evapotranspiration rate of grafted seedlings under artificial lightingp. 91
Growth of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) plug transplants in a closed system at relatively high air current speeds - A preliminary studyp. 98
Advances and current limitations of plug transplant technology in Koreap. 102
A review of artificial lighting of tissue cultures and transplantsp. 108
Light emitting diodes (LEDs) as a radiation source for micropropagation of strawberryp. 114
Application of red laser diode as a light source for plant productionp. 119
Effective vegetable transplant production programs for closed-type systems under different lighting regimesp. 125
Photoautotrophic micropropagation in a natural light environmentp. 131
Production of value-added transplants in closed systems with artificial lightingp. 137
High quality plug-transplants produced in a closed system enables pot-transplant production of pansy in the summerp. 145
Yield and growth of sweetpotato using plug transplants as affected by their ages and planting depthsp. 149
Yield and growth of sweetpotato using plug transplants as affected by cell volume of plug tray and type of cuttingp. 154
Production of medicinal plant species in sterile, controlled environmentsp. 160
Effect of air temperature on tipburn incidence of butterhead and leaf lettuce in a plant factoryp. 166
Evaluation of lettuce cultivars suitable for closed plant production systemp. 172
Root growth subsequent to transplanting in plug-grown cabbage seedlingsp. 178
Effective storage conditions for subsequent growth enhancement of Ficus carica L. cuttingsp. 183
Characterization of transformed poplar formed by the inhibition of peroxidasep. 191
Micropropagation of Canadian spruces (Picea spp)p. 197
In vitro culture of Japanese black pine (Pinus thunbergii)p. 205
Control of the development of somatic embryo of Japanese conifers by the density of embryogenic cells in liquid culturep. 209
A preliminary experiment on photoautotrophic micropropagation of Rhododendronp. 215
Mass clonal propagation of Artocarpus heterophyllus through in vitro culturep. 219
Photoautotrophic growth of Pleioblastus pygmaea plantlets in vitro and ex vitro as affected by types of supporting material in vitrop. 226
Evolution of culture vessel for micropropagation: from test tube to culture roomp. 231
Physiology of in vitro plantlets grown photoautotrophicallyp. 238
Enhanced growth of in vitro plants in photoautotrophic micropropagation with natural and forced ventilation systemsp. 246
Micropropagation of ornamental plants using bioreactor systemp. 252
Effects of medium sugar on growth and carbohydrate status of sweetpotato and tomato plantlets in vitrop. 258
Practical sugar-free micropropagation system using large vessels with forced ventilationp. 266
Growth and acclimatization of chrysanthemum plantlets using bioreactor and hydroponic culture techniquesp. 274
Mass propagation of pineapple through in vitro culturep. 279
Microbial contamination under photoautotrophic culture systemp. 284
Author Indexp. 289
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792365945
ISBN-10: 0792365941
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 290
Published: 30th November 2000
Publisher: SPRINGER VERLAG GMBH
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 1.75
Weight (kg): 0.6

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