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Totalitarianism and Political Religions, Volume 1 : Concepts for the Comparison of Dictatorships - Hans Maier

Totalitarianism and Political Religions, Volume 1

Concepts for the Comparison of Dictatorships

By: Hans Maier (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 12th August 2004
ISBN: 9780714656090
Number Of Pages: 424

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We are used to distinguishing the despotic regimes of the twentieth century -- Communism, Fascism, Nat ional Socialism, Maoism -- very precisely according to place and time, origins and influences. But what should we call that which they have in common? On this question, there has been and remains a passionate debate. Indeed, the question seemed for a long time not even to be admissible. Clearly, this state of affairs is unsatisfactory.
The debate has been renewed in the past few years. After the collapse of the Communist systems in Central, East and Southern Europe, a -- scarcely surveyable -- mass of archival material has become available. Following the lead of Fascism and National Socialism, communist and socialist regimes throughout the world now belong to the historical past as well. This leads to the resumption of old questions: what place do the modern despotisms assume in the history of the twentieth century? What is their relation to one another? Should they be captured using traditional concepts -- autocracy, tyranny, despotism, dictatorship -- or are new concepts required?
This book documents the first international conference on this theme, a conference that took place in September of 1994 at the University of Munich. The book shows how new models by which to understand political history arose from the experience of modern despotic regimes. Here, the most important concepts -- totalitarianism and political religions -- are discussed and tested in terms of their usefulness.

Series Editor's Preface
The History of the Concept of Totalitarianism in Italy
Luigi Sturzo as a Theorist of Totalitarianism
Discussion of Papers
Waldemar Gurian and the Development of the Concept of Totalitarianism
Discussion of H¼rten's Paper
Reflections on Russian Totalitarianism
Natural Science in the Soviet Union under Totalitarian Conditions at the Beginning of the 1930s
Discussion of the Papers of
The Other Side of Totalitarianism: The state of the debate in
Discussion of Tomka's Paper
A Glance at the History and Present of the Bohemian Countries
Discussion of Rokyta's Paper
Political Religions
The Religious Use of Politics and/or the Political Use of Religion: Ersatz ideology versus ersatz religion
Discussion of Linz's Paper
Terror and Salvation: Experience of political events in the work of
Discussion of Hover's Paper
The Concept of 'Political Religions' in the Thought of Eric Voegelin Dietmar Herz
The Modern Despotic Regime and Literature
General Discussion
Concepts for the Comparison of Dictatorships: 'Totalitarianism' and 'political religions'
Totalitarianism in Eastern Europe and its Consequences: A theoretical perspective
Despotism, Ersatz Religion, Religious
Reflections on Future Totalitarianism Research
The Historicity of Totalitarianism: George Orwell's evidence Hermann L¼bbe
Concluding Discussion
Research Contributions
Totalitarianism as a Twentieth-Century Phenomenon
National Socialism, Fascism and Authoritarian Regimes
Religious and Ecclesiastical Structures in Communism and National Socialism, and the Role of the Writer
Enlightenment and Terror: Historico-metaphysical prerequisites of totalitarian democracy
On Marxism, Christianity and Totalitarianism An Interview with
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780714656090
ISBN-10: 0714656097
Series: Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions : Book 1
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 424
Published: 12th August 2004
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.88  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.77
Edition Number: 1