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Thrips Biology and Management : NATO Science Series A: - Bruce L. Parker

Thrips Biology and Management

NATO Science Series A:

By: Bruce L. Parker (Editor), Margaret Skinner (Editor), Trevor Lewis (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 31st August 1995
ISBN: 9780306450136
Number Of Pages: 636

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Thrips (fhysanoptera) are very small insects, widespread throughout the world with a preponderance of tropical species, many temperate ones, and even a few living in arctic regions. Of the approximately 5,000 species so far identified, only a few hundred are crop pests, causing serious damage or transmitting diseases to growing crops and harvestable produce in most countries. Their fringed wings confer a natural ability to disperse widely, blown by the wind. Their minute size and cryptic behavior make them difficult to detect either in the field or in fresh vegetation transported during international trade of vegetables, fruit and ornamental flowers. Many species have now spread from their original natural habitats and hosts to favorable new environments where they often reproduce rapidly to develop intense damaging infestations that are costly to control. Over the past decade there have been several spectacular examples of this. The western flower thrips has expanded its range from the North American continent to Europe, Australia and South Africa. Thrips palmi has spread from its presumed origin, the island of Sumatra, to the coast of Florida, and threatens to extend its distribution throughout North and South America. Pear thrips, a known orchard pest of Europe and the western United States and Canada has recently become a major defoliator of hardwood trees in Vermont and the neighboring states. Local outbreaks of other species are also becoming problems in field and glasshouse crops as the effectiveness of insecticides against them decline.

Industry Reviews

`The editors are to be congratulated in compiling this volume which should not be missing from the bookshelf of any thysanopterist, agronomist or entomologist, encountering this unusual but fascinating order of insects.'
Bulletin of Entomological Research, 1998

Thysanoptera as Phytophagous Opportunistsp. 3
Feeding Behavior and Nutritional Requirementsp. 21
Thrips Feeding and Oviposition Injuries to Economic Plants, Subsequent Damage and Host Responses to Infestationp. 31
Impact of Pear Thrips Damage on Sugar Maple Physiology: A Whole-Tree Experimentp. 53
Bionomics of Cotton Thrips: A Reviewp. 61
Impact and Economic Threshold of Thrips tabaci on Onionsp. 71
Patterns of Pear Thrips Activity in the Northeastern United States, 1990-1992p. 77
Development and Abundance of the Pear Thrips in a Connecticut Apple Orchardp. 81
Predicting Phenology of Pear Thrips Emergence in Pennsylvania Sugar Maple Standsp. 85
Pear Thrips Emergence and Foliar Damagep. 89
Position and Abundance of Pear Thrips Eggs in Sugar Maple Flowering and Vegetative Budsp. 93
Thrips calcaratus-Induced Defoliation and Subsequent Foliar Suitabilityp. 97
Thrips obscuratus: A Pest of Stonefruit in New Zealandp. 101
Major Pest Thrips in Taiwanp. 105
Thrips of Vegetables in Thailandp. 109
Thrips Population Trends in Peppers in Southwest Floridap. 111
Pepper Varietal Response to Thrips Feedingp. 115
International Movement, Detection and Quarantine of Thysanoptera Pestsp. 119
Thrips Transmission of Tospoviruses: Future Possibilities for Managementp. 135
Median Latent Period and Transmission of Tospoviruses Vectored by Thripsp. 153
Multiplication of Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus in Western Flower Thripsp. 157
Establishing Thrips Cell Cultures to Study Tospovirusesp. 163
Thrips Vectors Responsible for the Secondary Spread of Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus in South Texas Peanutp. 167
Thrips and Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus in a Mississippi Peanut Fieldp. 171
Histological Study of Tobacco Thrips Feeding on Peanut Foliagep. 175
Transmission of Peanut Bud Necrosis Virus by Thrips palmi in Indiap. 179
Interactions within the Western Flower Thrips/Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus/Host Plant Complex on Virus Epidemiologyp. 185
Monitoring Western Flower Thrips as a Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus Vector in Tomatop. 197
Possible Dissemination of Pest Fungi by Thripsp. 201
Enhancement of Purple Blotch Disease of Onion by Thrips Injuryp. 203
Resources to Implement Biological Control in Greenhousesp. 211
"Keep-Down," A Concept of Thrips Biological Control in Ornamental Pot Plantsp. 221
Biological Control Using Oligophagous Predatorsp. 225
Thermal Dependence of Amblyseius cucumeris (Acarina: Phytoseiidae) and Orius insidiosus (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae) in Greenhousesp. 231
Biological Control of Thrips tabaci on Tobacco Seedings in Ukrainep. 237
Egg Laying Sites of Orius majusculus, a Thrips Predator, on Cucumberp. 241
Control of Western Flower Thrips on Sweet Pepper in Winter with Amblyseius cucumeris (Oudemans) and A. degenerans Berlesep. 245
Biological Control of Western Flower Thrips with Orius laevigatus (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae) in Organic Strawberries in Portugalp. 249
Manipulation of the Predacious Mite, Euseius tularensis (Acari: Phytoseiidae), with Pruning for Citrus Thrips Controlp. 251
Native Predators of Western Flower Thrips in Horticultural Cropsp. 255
Predatory Capacity of Campylomma chinensis Schuh (Hemiptera: Miridae) and Orius sauteri (Poppius) (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) on Thrips palmip. 259
Ceranisus menes (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) for Control of Western Flower Thrips: Biology and Behaviorp. 263
Host-Parasite Interaction between Frankliniella intonsa, Western Flower Thrips and Ceranisus menes (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae): Development and Reproductionp. 269
Two New Natural Enemies of Western Flower Thrips in Californiap. 277
Prospects for Mycopathogens in Thrips Managementp. 281
Electron Microscope Studies of Infection by Verticillium lecanii (Zimm.) Viegas of Western Flower Thripsp. 297
Six-Spotted Thrips: A Gift from Nature that Controls Spider Mitesp. 305
Naturally-Occurring Biological Control: Western Flower Thrips Impact on Spider Mites in California Cottonp. 317
Binomial Data of Some Predacious Thripsp. 325
Marketing Considerations for Biological Control Agentsp. 329
National Biological Control Institute: History, Philosophy and Communication Systemp. 337
Insecticide Resistance in Western Flower Thripsp. 341
Response of Western Flower Thrips to Dichlorvos and Malathion in the United Kingdomp. 347
Effect of Postharvest Naled and Sulfotep Fumigation on Western Flower Thrips Infesting Carnationp. 351
IPM - Approaches and Prospectsp. 357
IPM of Western Flower Thripsp. 365
Prospects for IPM of Citrus Thrips in Californiap. 371
IPM of Thrips palmi in Vegetablesp. 381
Western Flower Thrips in Peach Orchards in Francep. 389
Ecologically Sustainable Management of Bean Thrips in Africap. 393
Genotypic Effects of Cucumber Responses to Infestation by Western Flower Thripsp. 397
Genetic Variation in Chrysanthemum for Resistance to Western Flower Thrips and Thrips tabacip. 403
Host Plant Resistance to Western Flower Thrips in Chrysanthemump. 407
Thrips Resistance in Gladiolus spp.: Potential for IPM and Breedingp. 411
Integrated Pest Management Implementation in New York Greenhousesp. 417
Early Harvest to Manage Greenhouse Thrips in Avocadop. 419
Temporal and Spatial Dynamics of Thrips Populations in a Diverse Ecosystem: Theory and Managementp. 425
Competition in Western Flower Thrips Males: Effects of Density on Behaviorp. 433
Chemical Ecology of Western Flower Thripsp. 439
Differential Population Density of Western Flower Thrips in Various Flower Colors of Gladiolusp. 449
Colonization and Population Dynamics of Thrips in Peanuts in the Southern United Statesp. 453
Overwintering and Distribution of Western Flower Thrips in the Mid-Atlantic United Statesp. 461
Distribution of Western Flower Thrips in Spainp. 465
Population Diversity of Thysanoptera in Romanian Meadowsp. 469
Thrips Fauna in North Carolina Agroecosystemsp. 479
Spring Movement of Frankliniella fusca into Peanutsp. 481
Weed Species Harboring Tobacco Thrips in Texasp. 485
Morphogenetic Development of Some Species of the Order Thysanoptera (Insecta)p. 489
History of the Germ Line in Male and Female Thripsp. 505
Selection, Dispersal and Mode of Reproduction: Attributes Contributing to Local Adaptation by Apterothrips apteris to Erigeron glaucusp. 537
Monitoring of Western Flower Thrips on Glasshouse and Vegetable Cropsp. 547
Sequential Sampling for Thrips tabaci on Onionsp. 557
Mobility of Western Flower Thrips in Tomatop. 563
Western Flower Thrips Response to Colorp. 567
Effect of p-Anisaldehyde and a Yellow Color on Behavior and Capture of Western Flower Thripsp. 571
Western Flower Thrips on Table Grapes in Southern Italyp. 575
Induced Emergence of Pear Thrips for Population Monitoring in Forest Soilp. 579
Range and In-Flight Densities of Barley Thrips in the Northwest United Statesp. 583
Method for Mass Rearing Even-Aged Western Flower Thrips on Beansp. 587
Fixation Techniques for Observing Thrips Morphology and Injury with Electron Microscopyp. 595
Identification of Western Flower Thripsp. 601
Thrips Species and Synonymsp. 605
Conference Participantsp. 613
Thrips Species Indexp. 627
Subject Indexp. 633
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780306450136
ISBN-10: 0306450135
Series: NATO Science Series A:
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 636
Published: 31st August 1995
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 17.78  x 3.51
Weight (kg): 1.35

Earn 1018 Qantas Points
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