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Thinking : Readings in Cognitive Science - P. N. Johnson-Laird

Thinking

Readings in Cognitive Science

By: P. N. Johnson-Laird (Editor), P. C. Wason (Editor)

Paperback Published: 13th February 1978
ISBN: 9780521292672
Number Of Pages: 632

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First published in 1977, this is a volume about the scientific study of thinking: its possibility, its part state and its future prospects. The editors have brought together a set of readings which draw on work in cognitive psychology, artificial intelligence, psycholinguistics and philosophy. It is not, however, a mechanical or merely routine collection. At the time of publication there had been rapid and important advances in several different disciplines concerned with human thinking; many of these advances seem to be fundamental and convergent, to point towards a genuine cognitive science. The editors have tried to capture this sense of readiness, excitement and impetus in their selection of readings and their presentation of them. There are substantial introductions to each of the seven parts of the book as a whole to connect and explain the material, with the student and general reader particularly in mind.

Preface
Acknowledgements; An introduction to the study of thinking
Problem Solving
Introduction: Wertheimer's seminars revisited: diagnostic testing for understanding of structure
Mental calculation
On the analysis of human problem solving protocols
Formalisms for knowledge
Deduction
Introduction: constructing spatial images: a strategy in reasoning
Linguistic processes in deductive reasoning
Self-contradictions
Reasoning with quantifiers
A theoretical analysis of insight into a reasoning task
Intellectual evolution from adolescence to childhood
Conceptual Thinking
Classification: purposes, principles, progress, prospects
Learning to identify toy block structures
Classification of real-world objects: origins and representations in cognition
Some evidence for the cognitive primacy of categorization and its functional basis
The acquisition of word meaning: an investigation of some current conflicts
Hypotheses
Introduction: on hypotheses
A function for thought experiments
'If you want to get ahead, get a theory'
'On the failure to eliminate hypotheses …' - a second look
Confirmation bias in a simulated research environment: an experimental study of scientific inference
Judgement under uncertainty: heruristics and biases
Inference and Comprehension
Introduction: frame-system theory
A sketch of a cognitive approach to comprehension: some thoughts about understanding what it means to comprehend
Practical and lexical knowledge
Bridging
Scripts, plans, and knowledge
Language, Culture, and Thinking
Introduction: likeness and likelihood in everyday thought: magical thinking and everyday judgements about personality
An ethnographic psychology of cognition
Modes of thinking and ways of speaking: culture and logic reconsidered
Linguistic relativity
Imagery and Internal Representation
Introduction: mental rotation of three-dimensional objects
Inference, navigation and cognitive maps
Perception in game playing: internal representation and scanning of board positions
Some necessary conditions for a master chess program
Bibliography (and citation index)
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521292672
ISBN-10: 0521292670
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 632
Published: 13th February 1978
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 3.6
Weight (kg): 0.91